RAD-146 FINAL PT.3

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anatomy12
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277262
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RAD-146 FINAL PT.3
Updated:
2014-06-23 18:40:49
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xray
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xray
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  1. What are bifid ureters or collecting systems?
    involves two ureters and/or the renal pelvis originating from the same kidney
  2. What is an ectopic kidney?
    What is a horseshoe kidney?
    What is cystitis?
    a normal kidney that fails to ascend in the abdomen but rather stays in the pelvis

    a fusion of the kidneys during fetal development

    an inflammation of the bladder that is much more common in females due to the length of the urethra
  3. What is hydronephrosis?
    a dilation or distention of the renal pelvis and calyces of the kdineys of an obstruction
  4. What is conventional tomography?
    What is the fulcrum?
    What is the objective plane/focal plane?
    it is where the tube and film move in opposing directions to make blur and create sliced image

    fulcrum is the pivot point object

    area where object is clear and in focus
  5. What is the exposure angle

    What is the tube trajectory?
    is the distance the tube travels while making an exposure

    the pattern that the tube moves in (linear hypocycoidal)
  6. What is blur?
    What is the most complex tube trajectory?
    The greater the exposure arc the _____ the cut.
    geometric unsharpnes

    hypocycloidal

    thinner
  7. The more complex the tube trajectory ______ the cut.
    thinner
  8. What is autotomography?
    happens when the tube and IR are stationary and the patient does the movement
  9. the farther from the object plane an atomic structure is, the _______ blurred it is image will be
    more
  10. the _______ determines the thickness of the cut
    exposure angle
  11. Tomographic angles of less than 10 degrees are refereed to as
    zonography
  12. What is hypertension? Hypotension?
    What is tachycardia? Bradycardia?
    What is the average pulse
    rate?
    hypertension systolic 120-139 diastolic 80-89 or 140/90


    hypotension: syst. less than 90 diastolic less than 60

    rapid pulse over 100 bpm;slow heart rate under 60bpm

    60-90bpm
  13. What is tachypnea? Apnea?
    Dyspnea? Orthopnea?
    rapid breathing;suspension of breathing no breathing of external air

    difficulty breathing; difficulty breathing due pt position (supine)
  14. What is the average oral temperature? Rectal? Axillary?
    What is hyperthermia? Pyrexia? Hypothermia?
    • 98.2-99.6 F
    • Rectal .5-1 deg higher than oral
    • axillary .5-1 degree lower than oral

    • It aka as fever which is a sign of an increase in body metabolism usually in response to an infectious process
    • 100.4 F or above

    below normal body temp under 95.2 deg
  15. What is the average respiration range?
    What is hyperventilation?
    10-20 breaths/min

    when a pt breathes to much o2 and exhaled too much co2 which disturbs the chemical imbalance of the blood
  16. What gauge needles may be used during venipuncture for IVPs?
    what is normal systolic and diastolic ranges
    18-22 gauge

    • 110-140mm Hg
    • 60-80 mm Hg
  17. What is a butterfly set?
    it is a needle that has two blue plastic handles that make it easier for entrance into a vein
  18. What is an IV catheter?
    it is a needle that has a plastic tube that is injected into a vein, the plastic tube or cath is left in the vein and introduce contrast through the tubing
  19. What is extravasation?
    How can you minimize extravasation?
    What should you do when it occurs?
    leakage of iodinated contrast media outside the vessel and into surrounding soft tissue

    • Notify department nurse and or physician so that treatment can be administered
    • quickly elevate the affected extremity above the heart to decrease capillary pressure
    • use a cold compress followed by warm compress to relieve pain and improve resorption of contrast media
    • document the incident
  20. What is the proper disposal of all syringes and needles?
    sharps container
  21. What is the most common vein for venipuncture?
    What veins should be used for
    venipuncture?
    • median cubital cephalic vein and basilic veins
    • veins in the antecubital space
  22. The tourniquet should not be left on for more than  ____ seconds.
    60 is more it will cause hemoconcentration
  23. The needle should be inserted at a ____to______  degree angle.
    20-45
  24. What is a hematoma?
    What is edema?
    What is thrombosis?
    What is an embolism?
    is a collection of blood outside of a blood vessel

    swelling

    the formation of a blood clot inside of a blood vessel obstructing the flow of blood

    a detached mass (solid gas or liquid) fat globule gas bubble or blood clot that is carried through circulation which can clog artery beds
  25. The tourniquet should be placed _____ to____ inches above the site.
    3-4
  26. What does AIDET stand for?
    • acknowledge
    • Introduce
    • duration
    • explain
    • thank you

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