meds

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Author:
shmvii
ID:
277270
Filename:
meds
Updated:
2014-06-20 15:39:14
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license exam
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license exam
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  1. mechanism of aspirin
    inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX) thus inhibiting prostaglandin synth, thus inhibiting inflam
  2. glucocorticosteroids -- name endogenous and 2 synthetic
    do what?
    • cortisol/hydrocorisone
    • predisone, dexamethasone
    • anti-inflammatory
  3. chondroitin
    • a constituent of cartilage
    • may prevent breakdown and help repair for arthritis
  4. DMARDs
    describe
    • disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
    • they fight inflam and jt destruction
  5. DMARDs - name some
    • methotrexate
    • anticytokines
    • leflunomid / arava
    • infliximab / remicade
    • anakinra/kineret
    • chloroquine (anti malarlial)
    • sulfa drugs
    • penicillamine
    • imuran
    • cyclosporine / neoral
    • gold therapy
  6. biphosphonates
    a type of anti-osteoporosis med (book has names of several biphosphonates)
  7. diazepam / valium
    • muscle relaxant
    • treats spasms
  8. tizanidine / zanaflex
    • muscle relaxant
    • treats spasticity
  9. baclofen / lioresal
    • muscle relaxant
    • treats spasticity and spasms
  10. dantrolene / dantrium
    • muscle relaxant
    • treats chronic spasticity
  11. acetaminophen
    • non-opioid narcotic
    • pain relief,¬† antipyretic
    • not an anti-inflam
  12. thiazides, lasix, bumex, edecrin are all...
    diuretics
  13. beta blockers - do what? their names?
    • decrease HR
    • end in -olol
  14. calcium channel blockers do what?
    vasodilation
  15. verapamil, cardizem, norvasc, procardia xl, these are what? do what?
    • calcium channel blockers
    • vasodilation
  16. what type of drug treats angina
    nitrats
  17. ace inhibitors do what?
    • vasodilation
    • diuretic
    • for heart failure, particularly L ventric
  18. digoxin / lanoxin
    increases contraction of heart muscles w/o increasing O2 demand
  19. 2 anticoagulants
    • warfarin / coumadin
    • heparin
  20. 3 antiplately therapy meds and what they treat
    • aspirin - angina, coronary heart disease (CAD), prevent MIs
    • clopidogrel / plaxix - same as aspirin, and also peripheral vascualr disease
    • ticlopidine / ticlid - prevent TIAs and strokes
  21. anticholinergic drugs 
    benztropine /cogentin
    oxybutynin / ditropan
    artane
    treat what
    muscle spasm and PD

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