soccer laws of the game.txt

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rpnorris
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27736
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soccer laws of the game.txt
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2010-09-22 00:40:27
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soccer referee lawsofthegame
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Soccer Laws of the Game
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  1. What 10 offenses result in a Direct Kick?
    • These seven offenses considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:
    • kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
    • trips or attempts to trip an opponent
    • jumps at an opponent
    • charges an opponent
    • strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
    • pushes an opponent
    • tackles an opponent
    • Also the following three:
    • holds an opponent
    • spits at an opponent
    • handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his own penalty area)
  2. What are the 7 Sending Off offenses (red card)?
    • serious foul play
    • violent conduct
    • spitting at an opponent or any other person
    • denying the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply to a goalkeeper within his own penalty area)
    • denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player’s goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick
    • using offensive, insulting or abusive language and/or gestures
    • receiving a second caution in the same match
  3. Where is the kick taken on an indirect kick or a direct kick outside the penalty area?
    From the spot of the foul, or the position of the ball when the infringement occurred.
  4. Which 4 goalkeeper offenses inside his area result in an indirect free kick?
    • controls the ball with his hands for more than six seconds before releasing it from his possession
    • touches the ball again with his hands after he has released it from his possession and before it has touched another player
    • touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate
    • touches the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a throw-in taken by a team-mate
  5. What is the restart for the following goalkeeper offense?
    • controls the ball with his hands for more than six seconds before releasing it from his possession
    Indirect kick from the spot of the foul
  6. What is the restart for the following goalkeeper offense?
    • touches the ball again with his hands after he has released it from his possession and before it has touched another player
    Indirect kick from the spot of the foul.
  7. What is the restart for the following goalkeeper offense?
    • touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate
    Indirect kick from the spot of the foul
  8. What is the restart for the following goalkeeper offense?
    • touches the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a throw-in taken by a team-mate
    Indirect kick from the spot of the foul.
  9. Which 4 offenses result in an indirect kick?
    • plays in a dangerous manner
    • impedes the progress of an opponent
    • prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands
    • commits any other offense, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped to caution or send off a player
  10. Where must opponents be on a free kick for the defending team inside its own penalty area?
    • all opponents must be at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the ball
    • all opponents must remain outside the penalty area until the ball is in play
  11. What 7 offenses are Cautionable Offenses (yellow card)?
    • unsporting behavior
    • dissent by word or action
    • persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game
    • delaying the restart of play
    • failure to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, free kick or throw-in
    • entering or re-entering the field of play without the referee’s permission
    • deliberately leaving the field of play without the referee’s permission
  12. Where should defenders be on an indirect free kick awarded to the attacking team inside the penalty area?
    all opponents must be at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the ball until it is in play, unless they are on their own goal line between the goalposts
  13. What are the three cautionable offenses for substitutes or substituted players?
    • unsporting behavior
    • dissent by word or action
    • delaying the restart of play
  14. Who may be given red or yellow cards?
    Only players or substitutes may receive cards. Coaches and spectators cannot.
  15. From when to when can the referee mete out disciplinary action?
    The referee has the authority to take disciplinary sanctions from the moment he enters the field of play until he leaves the field of play after the final whistle.
  16. When is the ball in play on a free kick for the defending team in its own penalty area?
    the ball is in play when it is kicked directly out of the penalty area
  17. Where can the defense take a free kick awarded them inside their goal area?
    a free kick awarded to the defense in the goal area may be taken from any point inside that area
  18. Where is the free kick (restart) taken on an indirect kick awarded to the attacking team inside the defenders goal area?
    an indirect free kick awarded inside the goal area must be taken on the goal area line parallel to the goal line at the point nearest to where the infringement occurred
  19. Name 5 reasons a referee may add time to a half of play?
    • substitutions
    • assessment of injury to players
    • removal of injured players from the field of play for treatment
    • wasting time
    • any other cause
  20. What happens when an opponent is closer than 10 yards when a free kick is taken?
    The kick is re-taken.
  21. What happens when a free kick from the penalty area does not leave the penalty area?
    The kick is re-taken
  22. What happens if a player takes a free kick and touches the ball again (without his hands)?
    An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team from the spot of the infringement.
  23. What happens if a goalkeeper takes a free kick and then deliberately handles the ball before it touches another player?
    • Outside the penalty area= direct kick
    • Inside the penalty area= indirect free kick
  24. When is a player in an offside position?
    When is a player not in an offside position?
    • Offside position: nearer to the opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second to the last defender.
    • Not offside position: 1) even with the second to last defender, or even with last two defenders, 2) is behind the ball, or 3) is in his own half of the field
  25. When is a player penalized for offside?
    Only if in an offside position at the moment the ball is played, and in the opinion of the referee is involved in active play by: 1) interfering with play, 2) interfering with an opponent, or 3) gaining an advantage via the offside position
  26. What is the restart for an offside call?
    Indirect kick from the spot of the infringement.
  27. What 3 occasions do not get an offside call?
    • Player receives ball directly from a goal kick
    • Player receives ball directly from a throw in
    • Player receives ball from a corner kick
  28. When is a ball out of play? 2 answers.
    • When the whole ball crosses the whole touch line or goal line, whether on the ground or in the air.
    • When play has been stopped by the referee.
  29. What 6 requirements must be met for the kickoff?
    • All players are on their half of the field
    • Opponents are 10 yards away from the ball
    • Ball is stationary on the center mark
    • Referee gives a signal
    • Ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
    • Kicker must not touch ball again until another player touches it
  30. What is the restart for an infringement of the kickoff rules?
    • If a player kicks off and touches the ball again before another player: indirect free kick for the opposing team at the spot of the foul.
    • For any other infringement: retake kickoff
  31. Where must the goalkeeper be on a PK?
    • must remain on his goal line
    • facing the kicker
    • between the goalposts until the ball has been kicked
  32. Where must all "other" players be during a PK?
    • inside the field of play
    • outside the penalty area
    • behind the penalty mark
    • at least 10 yds from the penalty mark
  33. What is the procedure for a PK?
    • The referee signals for the penalty kick to be taken
    • The player taking the penalty kick must kick the ball forward
    • He must not play the ball again until it has touched another player
    • The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
  34. What occurs if the player taking a PK or one of his teammates infringe the Laws of the Game before the PK is taken (and after the signal to take the PK has been given)?
    • The kick is taken
    • If the ball enters the goal, the kick is re-taken
    • If the ball does not enter the goal, play is stopped and an indirect kick is given to the opposing team at the spot of the infringement
  35. What happens if the goalkeeper or a defender commits an infringement during a PK before the ball is in play?
    • The kick is taken
    • If the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded
    • If the ball does not enter the goal, the PK is re-taken
  36. What happens if, before a PK is taken, players from both the attacking and defending team commit infringements?
    The kick is retaken.
  37. What happens if, on a PK, an outside agent hits the ball while it moves forward?
    The kick is retaken.
  38. What happens if, on a PK, the ball rebounds from the goalkeeper or posts and then hits an outside agent?
    • Play is stopped
    • Play is restarted with a drop ball at the spot where the outside agent touched the ball, unless this was in the goal area, in which case the drop ball occurs on the goal area line perpendicular to the spot where the ball was touched
  39. Can a goal be scored directly from a throw in?
    No
  40. What are the 5 requirements of a throw in?
    What happens if a player infringes one of these rules?
    • faces the field of play
    • has part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch line
    • holds the ball with both hands
    • delivers the ball from behind and over his head
    • delivers the ball from the point where it left the field of play
    • For infringement: throw-in given to opposing team
  41. How far must opponents be back during a throw in?
    2 yards
  42. On a throw in, when is the ball in play?
    When it enters the field of play
  43. What happens if the thrower touches the ball again after a throw in before it has touched another player?
    Indirect free kick for the opposing team
  44. What happens if a player unfairly distracts or impedes the thrower?
    The player is cautioned for unsporting behavior.
  45. What happens if a ball bursts or becomes defective?
    • If in play, the match is stopped and the restart is a drop-ball from the place where the ball became defective. If this is in the goal area, the drop is on the goal area line parallel to the goal line nearest the spot.
    • If not in play, the match is restarted accordingly
  46. What is the substitution procedure?
    • 1. The referee is informed
    • 2. Substitute only comes on after the other player leaves and the referee signals
    • 3. Substitute enters the field at/near the halfway line
    • 4. Change is made during a stoppage
  47. How may goalkeepers be changed?
    • 1. The referee is informed of the change
    • 2. THe change is made during a stoppage
  48. What happens if a substitute enters the field of play without permission?
    • 1. The referee stops play (although not immediately if the substitute does not interfere with play)
    • 2. The substitute is cautioned for unsporting behavior and is asked to leave the field of play
    • 3. If the referee stops play, the restart is an Indirect Free Kick from the position of the ball at time of stoppage
  49. What happens if a player changes places with the goalkeeper without permission?
    Play is allowed to continue. The players concerned are cautioned when the ball is next out of play.
  50. What are the color requirements of undergarments?
    Any undershirt or undershorts should be the same main color as the shirt and shorts.
  51. What are the requirements of shinguards?
    • 1. They should be entirely covered by the stockings
    • 2. They should be made of suitable material
    • 3. They should provide a reasonable degree of protection
  52. What are the color requirements for the teams?
    The two teams must wear colors which distinguish them from each other and the referees. The goalkeepers must wear colors that distinguish them from the other players and the referees.
  53. What occurs for infringement of Law 4- Equipment?
    • Play need not be stopped. At next play stoppage, the player at fault is asked to leave the field of play to remedy the equipment. Any player who leaves may only return with the referee's permission, at the next play stoppage.
    • If play is stopped to administer a caution for this law, an indirect free kick is taken from the spot of the ball when stoppage occurred.
  54. What are the powers and duties of the Referee under Law 5?
    1. enforces the Laws, 2. controls the match in cooperation with the AR's, 3. ensures that the ball meets Law 2, 4. ensures that equipment meets Law 4, 5. acts as timekeeper and keeps a record of the match, 6. stops, suspends, or abandons the match at his discretion for infringement of the Laws or due to outside interference of any kind, 7. stops the match for any serious injury, allows it to continue for minor injuries, in his opinion, 8. ensures that any bleeding player leaves the field of play and does not return until bleeding has stopped, 9. allows play to continue in an "advantage" situation, and penalizes the original offense if the advantage does not ensue, 10. punishes the more severe offense when a player commits more than one, 11. takes disciplinary action against players via cautions and send-offs, 12. takes action against team officials who fail to conduct themselves in a responsible manner and may, at his discretion, expel them from the field of play and the immediate surrounds, 13. acts on the advice of the AR's regarding incidents he has not seen, 14. ensures no unauthorized persons enter the field of play, 15. indicates the restart of the match after stoppage, 16. provides authorities with a match report
  55. What are the duties of the Assistant Referee under Law 6?
    • Indicates- subject to the decision of the center referee:
    • 1. when the ball has left the field of play
    • 2. which team is entitled to a throw-in, corner or goal kick
    • 3. when a player is penalized for being in an offside position
    • 4. when a substitution is requested
    • 5. when offenses have been committed when the AR has a better view than the center
    • 6. whether, at penalty kicks, the GK moves off the goal line before the kick, and if the ball crosses the line
  56. What is the process for determining opening kick-off?
    • Team winning the coin flip decides which goal they will attack or defend.
    • Team losing the coin flip takes the opening kick off.
  57. What is the call for kicking or attempting to kick an opponent?
    Direct kick, from the spot of the foul.
  58. What is the call for tripping or attempting to trip an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  59. What is the call for jumping at an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  60. What is the call for charging an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  61. What is the call for striking or attempting to strike an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  62. What is the call for pushing an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  63. What is the call for tackling an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  64. What is the call for holding an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  65. What is the call for spitting at an opponent?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul, and a red card.
  66. What is the call for deliberately handling the ball (except for GK in their area)?
    Direct free kick from spot of the foul
  67. What is the call for playing in a dangerous manner?
    Indirect Free Kick from the spot of the foul.
  68. What is the call for impeding the progress of an opponent?
    Indirect Free Kick from the spot of the foul.
  69. What is the call for preventing the GK from releasing the ball from his hands?
    Indirect Free Kick from the spot of the foul.
  70. What is the call for any offense not mentioned in Law 12 (Fouls and Misconduct) for which play is stopped to caution or send off a player?
    Indirect Free Kick from the spot of the foul.
  71. What is the call for Unsporting Behavior?
    Yellow card, and IFK from the spot of the infringement
  72. What is the call for dissent by word or action?
    Yellow card
  73. What is the call for persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game?
    Yellow card
  74. What is the call for delaying the restart of play?
    Yellow card
  75. What is the call for failure to respect the required distance when play is restarted for a throw or kick?
    Yellow card
  76. What is the call for entering or re-entering the field of play without the referee's permission?
    Yellow card
  77. What is the call for deliberately leaving the field of play without the referee's permission?
    Yellow card, and IFK from the spot of the infringement
  78. What three things can a substitute be cautioned for?
    • Dissent by word or action
    • Unsporting behavior
    • Delaying the restart of play
  79. What is the call for serious foul play?
    Red card
  80. What is the call for violent conduct?
    Red card
  81. What is the call for (non-GK) handling the ball deliberately to deny a goal or obvious goal-scoring opportunity?
    Red card
  82. What is the call for denying a goal-scoring opportunity to an opponent moving toward the player's goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick?
    Red card
  83. What is the penalty for offensive, insulting, or abusive language or gestures?
    Red card
  84. What is the call for receiving a second caution in the same match?
    Red card
  85. What occurs if a player kicks a direct or indirect kick into his own goal?
    Corner kick for opposing team.

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