SIGN 110 Q01

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  1. no definite definition exists for this system used in America for Deaf persons

    (users have diff opinions on its techniques)
  2. two major contributors of ASL
    Laurent Clerc and the Vineyarders
  3. first deaf teacher of the deaf in the US
    "Old Hartford"

    brough FSL to America
    Laurent Clerc
  4. ASL has evolved from this blend called...?

    brought in US by Clerc
    Old French Sign Language
  5. "dialect" used in the communities of Chilmarks and West Tisbury on Martha's Vineyard

    native sign language used before Clerc arrived
    Old ASL
  6. indigenous sign language
    French Sign Language (FSL)
  7. a "subordinate"  languages picks up words and usages from a "dominant" language
  8. what was sign language considered by some "well-meaning" hearing teachers
  9. labeled the third most widely used language in the US (arguably)

    no statistics available

    used also as underwater communication
    Sign Language
  10. Century and location of the first classroom of ASL history
    Harford Connecticut early 19th Century
  11. graduate of Yale who taught FSL with Clerc at the Amercian Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb Persons
    later FSL was abandoned for ASL
    Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet
  12. linguist who subjected ASL into a language
    William C. Stokoe
  13. students who had lost their hearing after learning how to talk, or those with moderate hearing loss
  14. established the first Deaf church in the States (St. Ann's)
    Gallaudet, Thomas
  15. the world's first liberal-arts college for the deaf
    Gallaudet University
  16. periodicals originating from the printrooms of the schools for the deaf
    "Little Paper Family"
  17. era which produced a class of highly-educated, skilled deaf people who were bilingual (sign and written English)
    "Golden Age of Deaf Culture"
  18. US president who visited "Old Hartford"

    pupils invented the sign for "president"

    also first president to have direct contact and real communication with a deaf person
    President James Monroe
  19. squeezing both hands into fists while moving them outward and upward from the temples in a single brisk motion
    sign for president
  20. an invented sign system that is not standard
    "home sign"
  21. an "artificial" international vocabulary, which functions as a kind of visual Esperanto

    developed in 1970s by World Federation of the Deaf's Commission on Unification of Signs
  22. Is there a clear notion of how deaf people look like for hearing people?
    Not until they are seen communicating in Sign
  23. a way of translating "flat copy" (written media) into a tactile form: raised dots in a matrix pattern read with the fingertips
  24. Who invented FSL?
    Deaf people
  25. first hearing person to go to the Deaf community, to learn its language, to let deaf people teach him

    founded Institution Nationale des Sourds-Muets

    developed "methodical signs"
    Abbé de l'Epée
  26. signs from FSL with added set of signs; augmented
    "methodical signs"
  27. the use of the native sign language to teach the native written language
    "silent" or "natural" method
  28. the first truly educated Deaf person
    Jean Massieu
  29. one indirect link between ASL and BSL
    "Martha's Vineyard dialect"
  30. location of highly dense Deaf population
    traced from the Kentish district of England, known as Weald
    Martha's Vineyard
  31. a form of sign language used in Kent that evolved into the Vineyard dialect
    "Old Kentish Sign Language"
  32. family that maintained a profitable monopoly on deaf education in the British Isles
    Brainwood family
  33. the crucial distinction that changed the course of Deaf history
    Epée wanted education to be available to deaf children; Brainwoods wanted profit
  34. the cause of BSL to go underground and deaf education to go downhill in 1880
    The Congress of Milan
  35. probably the first of the modern royals to take the time and trouble to learn BSL
    Princess Diana
  36. the generally preferred order of ASL sentence structure
  37. feature that is lacking in English language
  38. invented sign systems that depict English vocabulary and grammatical structure
    Manually Coded English (MCE)
  39. Sign language is this type of language.
  40. the use of English words when trying to translate the meaning of ASL signs and ASL sentences
  41. pioneer researcher of ASL who achieved linguistic respect for ASL as a distinct and living language
    published first ASL dictionary in 1965
    Dr. William C. Stokoe
  42. the five parameters of sign developed by Dr. Stokoe
    handshape, palm orientation, location, movement, and repetition
  43. bilingual newspaper published by Valerie Sutton using an ASL-based pictographic code
    The Sign Writer
  44. a Deaf professor and linguist from Arizona who created a modified ASL-writing system to successfully help young deaf children learn English
    Sam Supalla
  45. How do deaf people learn sign language?
    From each other
  46. what is the easiest way and the first best method to become proficient in ASL?
    Total immersion in the language by living with Deaf people
  47. Second best method of learning ASL.
    through everyday social contact with ASL users
  48. Third best method of learning ASL.
    Associate with ASL users in office or classroom
  49. Fourth best method of learning ASL.
    through an electronic medium such as video or CD-ROM
  50. Can people who are deaf from birth appreciate jokes and puns that involve homonyms (sound-alike words)?
    No, deaf people cannot understand an "oral-based" humor.
  51. What does real Deaf humor encompass?
    mime, gesture, cinematic effects (like zooming, close-ups, fast and slow motion), and a lot of spontaneous sign-play
  52. according to the stereotypical and much-quoted pseudo-statistic on Deaf literacy, English skills halt at what grade level?
    third to fifth-grade level
  53. Are there such things as accents among signers from different areas of the country or world?
    Yes! Every signer signs differently.
  54. What type of sign language was considered correct, educated, and "high-class"? (no longer considered)
    Signed English
  55. What is the normal "signing space"?
    space that extends from the top of the head to the waist, and from shoulder to shoulder
  56. What president popularized the ILY (I Love You) sign?
    Jimmy Carter
  57. most numbers are signed on one hand, with the exception of these two...
    "thousand" and "million"
  58. When should children start learning how to fingerspell?
    preschool or first grade
  59. When is Sign Language very useful?
    Emergency (when voice is absent) and/or Underwater
  60. Acronym for children of deaf parents
  61. Is fingerspelling the same as Sign Language?
    No, it is a component of Sign Language
  62. Who invented fingerspelling in the 16th century?
    Spanish Benedictine Monks
  63. (True/False) ASL is quite similar to BSL, just as spoken/written American English is very close to British English.
  64. (True/False) Although there is no single sign language used by Deaf People around the world, various forms of "international sign language" exist.
  65. (True/False) Most Deaf people know how to sign in Braille
  66. (True/False) The Abbe de l'Epee was the first educator who recognized that sign language was the natural language of the deaf, but thought that it was a collection of signs without grammatical structure.
  67. (True/False) All sign languages have the same basic structure--the subject first.
  68. (True/False)  Various writing systems have been developed for ASL, but outside of textbooks, none are in very wide use.
  69. (True/False) Deaf children usually learn sign language from each other.
  70. (True/False) ASL has no real regional variations or accents, since it isn't a spoken language.
  71. (True/False) Signers are changing the stereotypic and prejudicial quality of some racial/ethnic signs to reflect a more positive view of racial and ethnic diversity and cultural heritage.
  72. (True/False)  The "ILY" sign has been in widespread use since WWII.
Card Set:
SIGN 110 Q01
2014-06-25 04:45:19

Quiz 1 Questions for Sign 110 SCC
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