APII test #6

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Author:
sillychicken
ID:
277443
Filename:
APII test #6
Updated:
2014-06-23 16:39:30
Tags:
fortis
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final study guide
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  1. what fetal circulation modification allows blood to bypass the liver
    ductus venosis
  2. allows blood in a fetus to move between the right and left atrium
    foramen ovale
  3. name of the vessel that carries blood fromthe placenta to the liver
    umbilical vein
  4. normal range for pH is
    7.35-7.45
  5. how does the carbonic acid/bicarbonate buffer system work
    CO2 combines with H2O to produce carbonic acid
  6. an increase in metabolism results in an increase in CO2 production. what is the outcome
    • lower pH¬†
    • increased respiration rate
  7. where do our bodies produce CO2
    krebs cycle
  8. what are the metabolic byproducts that lower pH
    • lactic acid from anaerobic respiration
    • digestion of fats resulting in ketone bodies
    • digestion of nucleic acid that leads to phosphoric acid
  9. what causes metabolic acidosis
    • kidney disease
    • prolonged vomiting
    • excessive diarrhea
    • over production of ketone bodies
  10. what are the causes of respiratory alkalosis
    • hyperventilation
    • poisons
    • altitude sickness
    • fever
  11. what are the two types of erectile tissue
    • corpora spongeosum
    • corpora cavernosum
  12. how does an erection happen
    parasympathetic nervous system must increase blood flow to erectile tissues
  13. what are two fetal circulation modifications that allow the fetal blood to bypass the lungs
    • ductus arteriosis
    • foramen ovale
  14. stimulates the release of FSH and LH from the ant. pituitary
    GnRH
  15. where is GnRH released from
    hypothalmus
  16. stimulates ovulation
    LH
  17. where is LH released from
    ant. pituitary
  18. stimulates growth of the follicle/egg inside the ovary
    FSH
  19. where is FSH released from
    ant. pituitary
  20. increases thickness of the endometrium
    estrogen
  21. where is estrogen released from
    • follicle
    • placenta
  22. increases vascularity, thickeness, and nutrition of the endometrium
    progesterone
  23. where is progesterone released from
    • follicle¬†
    • placenta
  24. prepares breast for lactation
    lactogin
  25. where is lactogin released from
    placenta
  26. stimulates uterine contractions and lactation from mammary glands
    oxytocin
  27. where is oxytocin released from
    posterior pituitary
  28. stimulates lactation
    prolactin
  29. where is prolactin released from
    anterior pituitary
  30. what maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy
    hCG
  31. where is hCG released from
    Zygote

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