test 1b

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shmvii
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277452
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test 1b
Updated:
2014-06-24 11:01:05
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license exam
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license exam
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  1. surface appearance of a superficial partial-thickness burn
    intact blisters and moist, weeping, glistening surface when blisters are removed
  2. appearance of a deep partial thickness burn
    wat surface with brocken blisters
  3. appearance of full thickness burn
    parchment like, leathery, dry surface
  4. connection between most antidepressants and falls risk
    most tricyclic antidepressangs have anticholinergic and sedative properties --> lethargy, sedation, arrhytmias, hypotension, blurred vision
  5. when may tricyclic antidepressants --> HTN, tachycardia, and convulsions?
    when combined with MAO inhibitors
  6. digitalis / digoxin does what
    decreases HR and increases force of myocardial contraction
  7. side effects of digitalis / digoxin
    • weakness
    • palpitations
    • fatigue
    • HA
    • bradycardia
    • arrhytmias
  8. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    • measures how much inflammation is in the body
    • norms:
    • Men < 50 yo: < 15 mm/hr
    • Men > 50 yo: < 20 mm/hr
    • Women < 50 yo: < 20  mm/hr
    • Women > 50 yo: < 30 mm/hr
    • Children: Newborn: 0 to 2 mm/hr
    • Newborn to puberty: 3 to 13 mm/hr
  9. 2 calcium channel blockers
    verapamil diltiazem
  10. antigout drugs
    • allopurinol
    • or lithium via iontophoresis
  11. side effects of nsaids such as aspirin
    • GI problems
    • peripheral edema
    • easy brusing and bleeding
    • confusion
    • depression
    • dizziness
  12. pain in arterial vs diabetic ulcers?
    • arterial are painful, diabetic are not
    • also, little pain w venous ulcers
  13. coloring associated with arterial uclers
    • irregular edges, not dark ulcer
    • surrounding skin is pale
    • absent pulses
  14. cellulitis vs dermatitis vs scleroderma presentations
    • cellulitis: hot, red, edematous, fever
    • dermatitis: red, weeping, crusted skin lesions, no fever
    • scleroderma: a collagen disease --> tight, drawn skin
  15. daithermy
    "electrically induced heat" using high-frequency electromagnetic currents
  16. talocrural joint
    distal tib fib and the talus
  17. subtalar joint
    talus - calcaneus
  18. ratio for putting a ramp over stairs
    stereotypical step height
    • 12 inches of ramp / 1 inch vertical rise
    • 7-9 inches per step
    • Sooo, for a 3 step entry you want 21 feet of ramp
    • This gives you an 8% grade
  19. Kussmaul's respirations
    • deep and rapid, labored
    • seen in hyperglycemia, severe metabolic acidosis
  20. breathing in metabolic acidosis
    initially rapid and shallow, but as CO2 accumulates it gets deeper, labored, gasping trying to fight this (Kussmaul's respirations)
  21. use of compression pumps at pressures higher than __ an cause damage to lymphatic vessels (esp if there's lymphedema??)
    60 mmHg
  22. significant lymphedema is indicated by what circumference changes UE vs LE
    • UE: > 2 cm
    • LE: > 1-1.5 cm
  23. pts with vascular insufficiency and claudication pain should walk how much?
    • 2-3x/day
    • short duration, just going to tolerable pain, then taking a rest
  24. spondylolisthesis
    forward displacement of a vertebra
  25. spondylolysis
    fracture of the pars interarticularis (btwn sup and inf articular processes)
  26. x-ray angle for viewing a scotty dog fracture / spondylolylis
    oblique
  27. Cushing's syndrome
    2/2 what
    symptoms
    • 2/2 exposure to high levels of cortisol for too long
    • moon face, central obesity, fatty deposit between shoulders, hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, HTN, muscle weakness, wasting, bone loss, DM, thin fragile skin, fatigue, depression, HA, cog changes
  28. Addison's disease
    aka
    describe
    symptoms
    • adrenal insufficiency
    • body creating too little cortisol and maybe too little aldosterone
    • darkening skin (hyperpigmentation)
    • fatigue
    • wt loss
    • N/V
    • dizzy/fainting
    • salt cravings
    • muscle or joint pains
  29. primary lig that restrains anterolateral translation of talus in the mortis
    anterior talofibular lig
  30. anterior drawer test of ankle primarily tests what lig
    anterior talofibular lig
  31. primary restraint to ankle inversion when ankle is in neutral or DF
    • calcaneofibular lig
    • also limits talar tilt
  32. percentage of body wt used  for lumbar traction
    • split table: > 25%
    • nonsplit table: >50%
  33. platelet count -- norms? means what?
    • 150,000-400,000 platelets per microliter
    • too low -- you'll bleed
    • too high -- you'll clot
  34. leukocytes
    aka
    norms
    • WBCs
    • 7000 per microliter
  35. what's it called if you have too many or too few WBCs?
    • leukocytosis -- too many
    • leukopenia -- too few
  36. immediate side effects of radiation
    skin effects: erythema, edema, dryness, itching, hair & fingernail loss, loose skin
  37. ideomotor vs ideational apraxia
    • idiomotor: can't perform on command but can do spontaneously
    • ideational: can't perform it at all
  38. anosognosia
    having no awareness of one's own disability

    usually 2/2 injury to parietal lobe or a diffuse lesion on the fronto-temporal-parietal area in the right hemisphere
  39. asomatognosia
    pt denies ownership of own limbs

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