Describe Texas Fever including discovered by, etiology, etiological agent, actions of etiology, future research
In 1893 Kilbourne D.V.M & Smith MD proved the transmission of piroplasmosis (babesiosis) commonly referred to as Texas Cattle Fever was by means of the vector/intermediate host Boophilus annulatus (1 host tick). Etiology was determined to be the protozoan parasite now recognized as Babesia bigemina or Babesia bovis which lyse the RBC . The term 1 host tick meant that the tick could harbor the protozoan and pass it along to it's offspring as well as the next host. This was the 1st time that an arthropod was linked to transmission of an infectious disease and resulted in Smith's future work at Baylor which linked the mosquito as the vector for the viral disease Yellow Fever.