History 11 Chapters 1-3

Card Set Information

Author:
Shandon
ID:
277686
Filename:
History 11 Chapters 1-3
Updated:
2014-06-27 20:57:41
Tags:
agriculture Separatists Bacon Chesapeake George Whitefield Great Awakening
Folders:

Description:
Ag achievements of civilizations in North, Central, and South America to the differences in the American and British political systems
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Shandon on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Cultural and agricultural achievements of the civilizations in Central America (Meso-Americans, Mayans, and Aztecs)
    • Cultural:
    • written language
    • numerical system
    • accurate calendar
    • important trade routes



    • Agricultural:
    • Advanced system
  2. Cultural and agricultural achievements of the civilizations in Southern America (Incas)
    • Cultural:
    • Innovative administrative systems
    • network of paved roads

    Agricultural:
  3. Cultural and agricultural achievements of the civilizations in Northern America
    • Cultural:
    • societies consisted of hunting, gathering, fishing
    • substantial towns were built
    • trade, crafts, religious/civic rituals in towns
    • Eastern third of US consisted of hunting, gathering, and fishing

    • Agricultural:
    • large irrigation systems in SW
    • sedimentary farming and hunting buffalo(Great Plains)
    • trading networks based on corn
    • Northeast nomadic farming-exploited land quickly
    • found new sources of food, clothing, and shelter
  4. Cultural and agricultural achievements of the Aztecs
    • Aztecs: pop of 100,000
    • aqueducts
    • public buildings
    • schools
    • military
    • medical system 
    • slave workforce
    • taxes
  5. What was the status of priests and nobles?
    • elevated status
    • priests and nobles were the link between commoners and gods
    • well-versed, knew when to plant because of access to the calendar
  6. Human sacrifices in Aztec culture
    • to appease the gods
    • often sacrificed enemies (POW's) and children
  7. 3 characteristics of advanced civilizations
    • written language
    • accurate calendar
    • advanced agricultural achievements
  8. Areas where these civilizations were lacking?
    • no wheeled vehicles
    • isolation- no immunities to foreign disease
    • 300 year technological gap behind Europeans
  9. European Advantages
    • horses
    • gun powder
    • immunities to disease because of contact with other people groups
    • ships 
    • metals
    • armor
    • borrow ideas from other cultures
  10. Relations between the tribes of North America
    • no common language
    • no common culture
    • fragile alliancess
    • peoples of Americas did not think of themselves as a single civilization
    • Indians viewed whites as another tribe to resist
    • rarely united in opposition to whites
    • enormous diversity of economic, social, political structures
  11. Negative and Positive Results of Black Death
    • Negative:
    • The black death- killed more than 1/3 of the European continent
    • lack of sanitation spread disease
    • families disintegrated

    • Positive:
    • population rebounded 1/2 century later
    • there was a rise in land values
    • more class mobility
    • immunity for those who survived
  12. Incentives for European overseas Exploration
    • by 1500 Europeans had:
    • ability to build ships
    • Independent merchant class that wanted to colonize the world
    • increase in prosperity and desire for commerce
    • significant population growth 
    • more powerful, united, governments
  13. Why was trading by land with Asia dangerous?
    Why did the settler want to trade with Asia?
    • robbers
    • land routes take too much time
    • Asia had silk
  14. Bubonic Plague: when, how, what?
    • 1347
    • fleas from rats traced to ships off the coast of Italy/Sicily
    • black fingernails, lympnodes, and mucus
  15. Christopher Columbus 1492
    • 1492 was the year when Muslims are kicked out of Spain after occupying Spain for 700 years
    • after kicking Muslims out, Spanish believe that God has willed for them to conquer and convert
    • Columbus was a mystic
    • He wanted to go West to the New World which he thought was the Far East
    • Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain
    • his two mistaken beliefs: Earth was smaller than it actually was
    • Asian continent extended further Eastward than it actually did
    •  impetus for Spanish exploration of the New World 1500 AD
  16. Prince Henry the Navigator
    • wanted to explore western coast of Africa and establish a christian empire to fight the Moores
    • hoped to find gold
  17. Three distinct periods of Spanish Exploration in the New World
    • 1.Age of discovery: began with Columbus and continuing through the first two decades of 16th century
    • 2.Age of Conquest: Spanish Military forces established dominion over the lands once ruled by natives
    • 3.1570's new Spanish laws banned most brutal military conquests
    • from that point on the Spanish expanded their presence in America through colonialization
  18. Hernando Cortes
    • most brutal of the conquistadors
    • traveled North from Mexico into what is now New Mexico
    • establishes a Plantation and hears that Tenichotitlan has gold
    • in 1519 he takes 600 men, 10 ships, and 17 horses on the shore of Veracruz
    • natives thought Cortes was god Quetzalcoatl (white man with a beard) returning to reclaim his glory or position in 1519
    • Spanish brought guns with them which were called the "Thunder of the gods"
  19. Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs
    • diseases like smallpox decimated the Indians
    • Indians were treated brutally: destroyed their artifacts, converted them to Catholicism
    • other Indian tribes allied themselves with the Europeans to defeat the Aztecs
    • Whites had superior tactics, weapons
    • whites brought new crops and catholic faith
    • 1531 appearance of virgin Mary to Juan Diego solidified Aztecs acceptance of Catholicism
    • Rapid Conquest
  20. The political systems of Southern and Western Africa
    • Southern: isolated from Europe, 
    • more politically fragmented
    • central social unit was the village-consisted of members of an extended family group
    • developed trade in woven fabrics, ceramics, wood, and iron goods, crops, livestock, but among themselves and barely interacted with outside world

    • Western:extensive and complex civilizations
    • had commercial contact with the Mediterranean and traded ivory, gold, and slaves for finished goods
    • early converts to Islam

    most were sedentary people
  21. The Separatists and North America
  22. Martin Luther
    • Martin Luther, Catholic Monk, nailed 95 theses on the door of his church in Wittenburg, Germany in 1517
    • some of the people were peddling to the superstitions of people by selling relics
    • his main complaint was against selling indulgences
  23. Separatists resulted from the Protestant Revolution
    • Gutenburg Bible- Bible translated into German
    • Luther wanted to reform not overthrow the church
    • Luther was excomunnicated
    • John Calvin was one of the Separatists, and he wrote a book called "Institutes of Christian Religion"
  24. The defeat of the Spanish Armada

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview