ASL 110 Qz 02

Card Set Information

ASL 110 Qz 02
2014-06-29 13:56:59
16 30

deaf education
Show Answers:

  1. (True/False) Synonyms for Pidgin Sign English include "Ameslish," "Siglish," "Contact Sign Language," and "American Signed English"
  2. (True/False) Signed English uses lots of signs borrowed from ASL in an "English" word order, but isn't the same as ASL
  3. (True/False) Some programs that label themselves "Total Communication" may not even have fluent signers on the staff, nor offer access to sign language
  4. (True/False) There are several noteworthy alternatives to mainstreaming and traditional schools for the deaf. These include charter schools.
  5. What is one advantage of instructional videos and CD-ROM?
    You can go at your own pace in relaxed surroundings
  6. Community resources in California
    • GLAD (Greater Los Angeles Council on Deafness)
    • DCARA (Deafness, Counseling, Advocacy, and Referral Agency)
    • ALDA (Association of Late Deafened Adults)
  7. What is Pidgin Sign English(PSE) roughly speaking?
    An impromptu blend of ASL and American English signs.
  8. When is PSE commonly used?
    When ASL-Deaf people communicate with hearing or deaf people who are not fluent in ASL, but who do know some signs/fingerspelling
  9. (True/False) The term "sign language" can be loosely employed to mean any sort of sign-based communication, including manually coded systems, does not necessarily mean ASL
  10. (True/False) some ASL advocates look askance at Signed English, it "dilutes" and "distorts" pure ASL
  11. How does the Conference of Educational Administrators Serving the Deaf (CEASD) define Total Communication?
    A philosophy incorporating the appropriate aural, manual, and oral modes of communication in order to ensure effective communication with and among hearing-impaired persons
  12. When was the term Total Communication used for the first time and by who?
    Roy Kay Holcomb (educator) in 1968
  13. (true/False) TC is commonly but inaccurately used to mean "simultaneous communication", a method of signing while talking
  14. What is the newest trend in deaf education called?
  15. Why is ASL not accepted as foreign language at all universities?
    Because of a deep-seated misunderstanding about what ASL is, lack of knowledge of the facts about the language and some prejudices.
  16. Which association certifies ASL teacher for schools, colleges and universities?
    (ASLTA) The American Sign Language Teachers Association. national certification
  17. (True/False) Deaf people are protective of their own language and fear that the "Hearing" are going to try to take it over and take Deaf peoples jobs away.
  18. Why do many Deaf people have trouble with English?
    English is primarily a spoken language, ASL is visual/gestural.
  19. (True/False) Children born deaf(or deafened in infancy) whose parents cannot sign(and will not sign) a often forced to start school without any real language.
  20. Discarded theories, approaches, methods, techniques to educate the deaf include
    • Zenas F Westervelt's "Rochester Method"(1878)
    • George Wing's symbols (1883)
    • Katherine Barry's "Five Slate System" (1899)
    • Edith Fitzgerald's "Fitzgerald Key" (1929), still used in some schools
  21. (True/False) Various forms of MCE(SEE-1, SEE-2, etc) are commonly used to teach english in classrooms
  22. Difficulty with English has affected which areas of Deaf people's lives beside their ability to enjoy reading?
    • their careers
    • mobility
    • access to information
    • relations with the hearing world
  23. What can be done about the "Deaf literacy problem?"
    • foster early reading and writing skills before the child starts school
    • devote more classroom time to reading and writing skills, exposure and practice
    • involvement of parents in their children's education
  24. Why don't some Deaf people like to read?
    • ASL has no traditional written form
    • for a long time speech was given prime emphasis above literacy
    • the attitude of educational establishment: contempt for/ignorance of ASL, low expectations for deaf students
    • Language deprivation during their earliest years, families committed to oralism
    • not enough emphasis on reading and writing in school
  25. (True/False)Captioning is best appreciated by those with a reasonable degree of fluency in written English-a fluency many Deaf viewers simply don't have
  26. (True/False) A TV interpreter's signs, facial inflections and rhythm can convey a much clearer visual sense of what's being said.
  27. (True/False) There is a basic disagreement within the captioning industry itself: whether to display captions that are a simplified translation of the audio-script, or captions that are a verbatim(word-for-word) transcript. (verbatim captioning seems to be more widespread)
  28. (True/False) Foreign loanwords, phrases, idioms and occasional slang on the nightly news, are all outside the normal Deaf usage.
  29. Problems residential schools are struggling with are
    • money
    • lower expectation, not as academically challenging¬†
    • reports of revelations of physical/sexual abuse of students, sexual harassment of staffers in schools across the country
  30. (True/False) Under no circumstances should a hearing person offer to help a Deaf stranger.
  31. (True/False) Since all ASL teachers in schools and college hold ASLTA certification, it's not really necessary to ask an acquaintance who their sign-language teacher is, except out of curiosity.
  32. (True/False) Numerous Manually Coded English systems have been devised by hearing teachers and are no longer used.
  33. (True/False) The availability of closed-captioned media has made Deaf illiteracy obsolete.
  34. (True/False) Deaf people hate to read because they have difficulty thinking abstractly.