discharge or escape of fluid from a vessel into the surrounding tissue
What is used to treat hypertension, congestive heart failure, and pulmonary edema to rid the fluid?
Suppresses histamines from being released into the bloodstream, aids in treatment of an anaphylactic reaction or milder reactions like hives?
Condeine, dextromethorphan, or guaifesesin is categorized with what drugs?
Dilates air passage to aid in breathing?
What treats heartburn and indigestion?
What kind of drugs are kaolin and pectin?
What reduces vomiting?
What is used to reduce stomach secretions and spasms?
What relieves constipation?
cathartic or laxatives
What category is nitroglycerin fall under?
What category does captopril, or clonidine fall under?
What category does mannitol or Lasix fall under?
What are compounds in the body that separate into particles called ions?
When doing you must take allergic history b/c of the reactions range from mild to moderate to severe?
iodinated contrast media
What are the six rights?
right amount or dose
What is a glass or plastic container with a rubber stopper circled by a metal band?
Heavy plastics or glass containers large volume?
Made of entirely glass and is used for one dosage, line around neck snaps with pressure?
What is considered to be the safest route but not considered the fastest?
Considered to be the one of the fastest routes but also can be one of the most hazardous routes?
Large amount is given over a short period of time?
Small or large amount is allowed to drip into the venous system over a longer period of time?
Process of inserting a needle or catheter into a vein for injection or withdrawal of fluid?
Where is the usual site for venipuncture for contrast injections?
What are the supplies you need for venipuncture?
tourniquet, syringe, butterfly needle, tape, gloves, alcohol wipe, and consent form signed.
Which of the following needles has a bigger lumen, 19g. or 25g.?
How many times should the label be read before an injection is given?
What is the term used to describe an injection where an amount of a drug is given over a long period of time?
What can be done to relieve puffiness at the injection site?
What is the main reason that is given for warming the iodinated contrast media to body temperature?
it reduces viscosity which makes it less painful during injection, reduces chance of reaction and injects easier.
What are three categories of drug reactions?
mild, moderate and severe
Which category of drugs are used to treat hypertension and congestive heart failure by removing fluid?
What is the name given to a container of medication that is made entirely of glass and used for a single dose?
What is term for a reaction to a procedure more so than a medication that manifests itself with pallor, cold sweats, syncope (fainting), but is not life threatening? Tachycardia and hypotension may also be present?
What type of needle is typically used for venipuncture during an IVP examination?
What is considered to be the route that provides the quickest responses for a drug?
intravenous or intraarterial
What terms are used to describe the leakage of fluid into the surrounding tissues during venipuncture?
extravasation of infiltration
Which drug category would be utilized for patients with acute, severe pain?
Which drug category may be utilized for patients with chronic, persistent pain?
What is the name of the official register for a listing of drugs?
United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
What is the typical infusion rate for an adult's IV?
15-20 drops per minute
What term describes any means of bypassing the digestive tract to administer medications?
What is the name of the large bottles of fluid that contain 50-1000mL?
What does the term intrathecal mean?
What types of medications are used to treat skin conditions?
What term describes when a drug is absorbed and taken through the bloodstream to its intended site?
The process in which the body alters the chemical structure of a drug or substance?
biotransformation or metabolism
What types of drugs are used to treat infections?
antimicrobial or anti-infective drugs
What is the name that is assigned to a drug by a manufacturer that is copyrighted and uses Large cap letters at the beginning of its name?
Which route of drug administration is considered to be the safest and most desirable route but requires higher doses than I.V.?
What is the name of the agent that is responsible for reducing a fever?
What is the term that describes an injection where a large amount of drug is given over a short period of time?
What drug category is used to treat diseases such as herpes and aids related infections?
What is the term given to glass containers that contain rubber stoppers?
What type of injection is made between the layers of the skin?
What term describes an effect that is considered to be harmful?
How high above the level of the vein should I.V.'s be placed?
What is the name of a drug that is in lower case lettering and is always the same?
What is the term used to describe the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs?
What is the name of the study of drug interactions with living organisms?
What is the study of drugs actions and interactions with living tissue upon the body?
Also called the "proprietary name" name given to a drug by a specific manufacturer (capital letter is used) copyrighted like "Tylenol"?
What is it called if it is the exact chemical formulation?
Name used by all (smaller case letter is used) acetaminophen is "Tylenol"?
What is it called how the body works on the drug?
What is the study of the change in normal physiological function of the body due to a drug?
When an unintended effect is expected to occur and is not harmful?
An effect that is harmful?
Drugs that induce cancer?
Route that uses the digestive tract (oral, rectal, and sublingual)?
What administration of drugs is used when patients cannot tolerate oral techniques, are vomiting, or are too young to swallow meds?
Not through digestive tract such as injection or inhalation?
What is it called when its skin testing?
Introduce meds below the dermal layer?
What is used for large amounts?
What is used for arterial blood stream?
What is it called when it is put into veins-I.V.'s?
What is drugs when it is inhalants?
What is the fastest way to introduce drugs through the blood stream?
intra-arterial or intravenous
What is reasons for parental administration?
-inability to tolerate oral routes of meds
-need to localize anesthesia or focus on precise area of body
-situations in which digestion could counter the effects of meds.
What is anti-infectious?
What is used to prevent infections from bacteria, fungus, protozoa, viruses and parasites?
What is also called anti-infective, drugs, antibiotics or antibacterial?
What is used to treat major fungal infections and can be administered systemically or topically?
What is used to prevent or treat viral infections, some infections treated are herpes and aids, hepatitis?
What drugs affect central nervous system?
stimulants, depressants, agonists, antagonist, sedatives, narcotics, antianxiety, antidepressants, and antipsychotics
What is used to promote sleep, subdue agitation, convulsions etc...
What is used for acute, severe pain, and for chronic pain when other measures have not been successful?
What is used for pain control?
opioid analgesics/ agonists
What is reverse agonist affects?
Drugs used to treat anxiety, psychotic disorders?
What treats clinical depressive disorders?
What drugs are used for the treatment of seizure disorders?
What drugs are in mainly gas form for inhalation in surgical procedures, common local anesthetics, muscle relaxants or full anesthetics for surgery?
What increases motor activity, euphoria-ex. all amphetamines, Ritalin, cocaine or coffee?
What alter mind patterns-most are illegal?
What is used to relieve pain?
What reduces fever?
What is used for myalgia, neuralgia, and cephalalgia?