test 2a

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Author:
shmvii
ID:
278034
Filename:
test 2a
Updated:
2014-07-02 12:57:40
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license exam
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license exam
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  1. what does sulfamylon do?
    • antibacterial agent
    • penetrates thru eschar
  2. silver nitrate and nitrofurazon in wound care?
    • superficial agents that attack surface organisms
    • so, no good if there's thick eschar
  3. panafil does what in wound care?
    it's a keratolytic enzyme used for selective debridement
  4. how do symptoms present in cataracts vs glaucoma
    • cataracts: central vision loss, then peripheral
    • glaucoma: peripheral first, then central
  5. allen's test
    • put pressure on ulnar and radial arteries and have pt open and close hand 10x
    • release one of the arteries and see if color returns to hand
    • should in <5 sec
    • repeat and this time release the other artery while holding the first one
  6. muscle test for upper trap
    shoulder shrug
  7. muscle test of ant deltoid
    arms in front in neutral (not in pronation and IR)
  8. muscle test for supraspinatus
    arms in scaption in full pronation and IR
  9. hemiballismus
    sudden jerky forceful flailing invol mvmnts on one side of the body
  10. name a shoulder injury likely to damage the axillary nerve
    antero-inferior dislocation
  11. where is the dorsal scapular nerve rel to the shoulder joint?
    medial and posterior
  12. L hemiplegia (R CVA) typically has what kind of perceptual deficits
    • visuospatial
    • so using demos and gestures won't work so well
  13. McMurry test -- for what structure?
    meniscus
  14. McMurry's -- how?
    • start in max hip and knee flexion
    • do valgus w ER and extend the knee & palpate lat joint line -- for lat meniscus
    • repeat w varus and IR & palpate med joint line - for med meniscus
    • pos: click, thud, pain
  15. if tidal volume decreases, how will RR change?
    increase
  16. formula for minute ventilation
    RR x tidal volume
  17. symptoms of LMN lesions
    • muscle weakness
    • fasciculations
    • hypotonia or flacidity
    • absent reflexes
    • neurogenic atrophy
  18. increased tone, hyperreflexia, pos Babinski, muscle spasms, dyssynergia, timing deficits -- all are symptoms of what?
    UMN lesion
  19. hyperthyroidism and heart disease??
    in elderly pts there's increased risk of aggravating preexisting heart disease (a-fib, angina, MI)
  20. when can a kid sit indep and pull to stand?
    • 6 months 
    • walking at 10-15
  21. in chronic conditions, what's preferable, modalities to reduce pain or soft tissue mobilization?
    soft tissue mobs
  22. expected therapy duration at a Rehab Hospital
    • 3 hours
    • so if the pt's not up to that, send to SNF or elsewhere
  23. thiazide drugs
    • diuretics
    • help with mild to mod HTN
    • side effects: orthostatic hypotension, dizziness, drowsiness, lethargy, weakness
    • hypokalemia, muscle cramps, premature ventricular contractions (PVCs)
  24. ovarian cyst refers pain to where?
    • SI region
    • constant pain that doesn't vary w activity
  25. how to test for hemianopsia or other visual field concerns
    • visual confrontation test
    • pt looks at PT's nose while PT moves a finger from L to R
    • pt says when it's in/out of field of vision
  26. how to test distance acuity vision
    Snellen eye chart at 20 feet
  27. how to test ocular pursuit
    move a pen light in an H pattern to extremities of gaze
  28. how to test convergence
    see how close pt can view a pen light in focus
  29. 2 tests ofr meniscus
    • McMurray's 
    • Apley's (grind and distraction)
  30. what kind of quad work to reduce recurvatum?
    eccentric (closed-chain)
  31. best way to reduce lumbar spine compression forces when sitting
    • back-rest angle at 90-110,
    • armrests for support
    • lumbar support
  32. lyrica (pregabalin) - treats what?
    diabetic neuropathy
  33. lyrica (pregabalin) side effects
    heart failure, difficulty walking long distances, lymphedema
  34. drop arm test primary intent
    see if rotator cuff is intact
  35. yergeson test assesses what
    transverse humeral ligament
  36. yergason test how
    • humerus neutral, elbow bent to 90, pronation
    • pt tries to supinate against PT resistance at the wrist 
    • pos: pain in bicipital groove
  37. clunk test - for what
    glenoid labrum
  38. how to do clunk test
    • supine
    • hand on post hum head and on distal hum
    • PT passively does abd and ER, then adds an ant force
    • pos: clunk or grinding sound

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