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Introduction to Verbs
What are the important language concepts conveyed by a Greek verb?
Person, number, tense, aspect, voice, and mood
In Greek, the verb agrees with its subject, how does it show this agreement?
By using personal endings, which are suffixes added to the end of the verb.
What are the important things to know in regards to the “person” of a verb?
- There are three persons – 1st, 2nd, and 3rd
- A verb must agree with its subject in person and does so by using the appropriate personal endings.
- Because the Greek Verb always indicates person, the Greek sentence does not require an expressed subject. A verb by itself may be a complete sentence. (legw = I say)
What does the term “tense” refer to in Greek language study?
It refers only to the form of the verb – it is not used to describe the “when” of the verb. We will always use the term “time” when talking about the “when” of the action.
What does the “aspect” of the verb refer to?
it refers to the type of action being done (continuous, undefined)
Describe “continuous” aspect
It is an ongoing process - “I was studying”
Describe “undefined” aspect
It is thought of as a simple event without elaborating on it – “I slept”.
What are the three “voices” of the Greek Language?
Active, Middle, and Passive
What are the three main parts of the Greek verb discussed so far?
Stem +Connecting Vowel+Personal Endings
What does “mood” refer to?
The relationship between the verb and reality. Ex. A verb is in the indicative mood if it is describing something that is, rather than something that might be.
What form of the verb is the lexical form?
The first person singular, present indicative.