Aeromedical Evacuation

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  1. What is the reference for Aeromedical evacuation?
    FM 4-02.2
  2. Define MEDEVAC:
    Medical Evacuation-movement and en route care by medical personnel of wounded, injured, or ill persons from the battlefield and or other locations to medical treatment facilities. (MTF)
  3. Define CASEVAC:
    Casualty Evacuation- movement of casualties aboard non-medical vehicles or aircraft. Casualties transported in this manner do not receive en route medical care.
  4. Define MASCAL:
    Mass Casualty- any larger # of casualties produced in a relatively short period of time that exceeds unit support capabilities.
  5. Advantages of Aeromedevac
    • Timely treatment, contributing to saving lives and reducing permanent disability
    • Movement of patients over relatively long distances in short periods of time
    • Movement of patients over terrain where ground evacuation would be difficult or impossible
    • Fewer and less frequent movement of MTFs
    • Patients moved directly to the MTF best equipped to deal with their condition
  6. Basic Aeromedevac missions/capabilities
    • (D)Delivery of whole blood and biological
    • (A)Air-crash rescue support
    • (M)Movement of medical personnel and supplies
    • (E)Evacuation of selected casualties
  7. Patient classification by type
    • Litter: head, neck, or back injury, unconscious or unable to walk
    • Ambulatory: able to walk own power, walking wounded
  8. When did Aeromedevac first began?
    • During the Korean Conflict
    • A/C used: OH-13 Sioux
    • Referred to as: The Angel of Mercy
  9. Disadvantages when using the OH-13:
    • No in-flight medical treatment
    • Casualties exposed to the elements
    • Casualties exposed to enemy fire
  10. Aeromedevac assets for UH-1C (1957)
    • Red Cross marking: (4) 1 belly, 1 nose, 2 on cargo door
    • Crew: (4) pilot, copilot, crew chief, and in-flight medic
    • ACL normal configuration: 3 litter & 4 ambulatory
    • ACL prior notification: 6 litters & 4 ambulatory
    • Loading sequence: (From top to bottom) Litter First, loading most serious injury last. Ambulatory loaded second. Most seriously injured are first to be unloaded.
  11. Aeromedevac assets for UH-60Q/HH-60A/L/M (1970)
    • Red Cross markings: (5) 1 nose, 1 belly, 1 each cargo door, & 1 on top
    • Crew: (4) pilot, copilot, crew chief & in-flight medic
    • ACL normal configuration: 4 Litters & 1 ambulatory
    • ACL prior notification: 6 litters & 1 ambulatory or 7 Ambulatory
    • Loading sequence: First ambulatory then litters (From top to bottom) reverse Z pattern, most seriously injured loaded last. Most seriously injured are first to be unloaded.
  12. Aeromedevac assets for CH-47
    • Primary use: Mass casualty evacution
    • NO Red Cross Markings
    • Crew: (4) pilot, copilot, crew chief, & in-flight engineer
    • ACL: 24 litters & 1 ambulatory or 31 ambulatory
    • Loading sequence: Ambulatory first then litters from front to back and top to bottoms, in a Z pattern. Most seriously injured are loaded last and first to be unloaded.
    • Ratio of medics for casualties: NO medics are assigned: 1 to 6
    • ***ACL starts at 0 & add 4 until you get 24
    • start at 31 & subtract 6,6,3 pattern***
  13. Methods of casualty extraction
    • Sit down method has suitable landing zone for A/C
    • Hoist method does not have a suitable landing zone casualties hoisted to A/C
  14. What is the special equipment used for casualty extraction?
    • High performance Utility Hoist
    • Jungle forest penetrator
    • Sked Rescue system
    • Basic Rigged litter
    • Kendrick's extrication device system
    • ***ALL litters have a tensile strength of 400 lbs and 1 ACL***
  15. High Performance Utility Hoist
    • Hoist tensile strength:600 lbs
    • Fast speed: 300 lbs @250 FPM
    • Slow speed: 600 lbs @ 125 FPM
    • Hoist cable length: 256 ft. long
    • Usable feet: 250 ft. - last 6 ft. is marked in red
  16. Jungle Forest Penetrator
    • Primary use: Evacuation of casualties through thick vegetation
    • Tensile strength: 600 lbs
    • ACL: 3 ambulatory casualties
  17. Sked Rescue System
    • ***4 Carry Straps & 2 Lifting Straps***
    • Primary use: Ground evacuation, sit down mission, hoist extraction, water rescue
    • Tensile strength: 400 lbs
    • ACL:1
  18. Basic Rigged Litter
    • Primary use: Ground evacuation, sit down mission
    • Tensile strength: 400 lbs
    • ACL: 1
  19. Kendrick's Extrication Device System
    • Primary use: Casualty with suspected spinal injury
    • Tensile strength: 400 lbs
    • ACL: 1
  20. Patient classification by precedence
    • Urgent: Immediate evacuation is necessary to save life, limb, or eyesight within one hour
    • Urgent Surgical: Must receive far forward surgical intervention to save life
    • Priority: Evacuation as soon as possible within 4 hours
    • Routine: Within 24 hours sick and wounded personnel must be evacuated even though the condition is not expected to deteriorate
    • Convenience: Assigned to patients for whom evacuation by medical convenience rather than necessity
Card Set:
Aeromedical Evacuation
2014-07-05 04:23:11

Phase 1
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