Chapter 13

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Chapter 13
2010-07-24 12:04:34

govt 2305 Ch 13 words
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  1. Public policy
    Whatever governments choose to do or not to do
  2. Systems model
    A model of policymaking that holds that policy is the product of an interlocking relationship between institutions of government and its social, economic, and political environment
  3. Bureaucratic model
    A model of policymaking that holds that bureaucracies play a crucial role in making policy because of their commitment and the expertise they can provide
  4. Marxism model
    A model of policymaking that holds that public policy decisions in non-Marxist regimes reflect the interests of the ruling economic class at the expense of workers
  5. Free market capitalistic model
    A model of policymaking that posits a limited role for government so that the natural forces of supply and demand are allowed to prevail in the marketplace
  6. Elitism
    A model of policymaking that holds that public policy decisions are made by a relatively small group of individuals acting in their own self-interest rather than in the interest of the mass of citizens
  7. Pluralism
    A model of policymaking that holds that public policy decisions are the result of struggles among contesting groups that reflect the various interest among citizens
  8. Rational-comprehensive model
    A model of decision making that holds that policymakers should identify problems, consider various policy alternatives and their costs and benefits, and select and implement the policy strategy with the highest benefits and the lowest costs
  9. Incrementalism
    A model of decisions making that holds that new policies should differ only marginally from existing policies
  10. Policy agenda
    The public issues that engage the attention of elected officials
  11. Policy strategy
    A specific course of action designed to deal with a public problem.
  12. Policy adoption
    A formal, authoritative decision, such as the enactment of legislation, made by institutions of government to address an issue on the policy agenda
  13. Policy implementation
    The translation of policy ideas into action
  14. Policy evaluation
    The act of determining whether a formally adopted and implemented policy ameliorated or solved a problem
  15. Foreign policy
    A nation’s collective decisions about relations with other nations
  16. Domestic policy
    A category of public policy that is comprised of policy decisions about matters affecting individuals within a political system