what is the reference for Close Combat Attack (CCA)
define Close Combat Attack
is a technique to control attack helicopters (AH-64 or OH-58D) in a close air support role, usually very near to friendly troops in contact.
steps to control CCA
Gain Communication with pilot
Describe your location on the ground and mark it
Provide Target Location
Describe target location & mark it
how to gain communication with the pilot
(1) Use frequency and call signs.
(2) Give the pilot a situation report (SITREP) and describe the enemy.
(3) Pilot should respond with number and type aircraft he has, number and
type weapons available, and how long he can support the ground unit (station
Describe and mark your location
The critical aspect is for the pilot to identify your location
The best method is to use grid and identifiable terrain feature(s) that aircraft will be able to see. Then describe exact location from there, and start marking the location.
If aircraft is in sight, but they cannot see the ground unit, describe the location from them
Once the pilot has identified the ground unit’s location, the ground unit can usually stop
marking unless the pilot requests it, or it has been coordinated otherwise.
describe and mark the enemy location
Use multiple methods to describe and mark
Target handover occurs once the pilot has identified the ground unit’s position and the enemy position. The crew then engages the target while the ground unit provides adjustments and feedback to the pilot.
Battle Damage Assessment
Target destroyed—end of mission
Target missed—adjust fire by giving direction and distance in meters from impact to the target
Weapon effects on target, re-engage
VS-17 panel: Daylight=Go, Night=NoGo
Smoke: Daylight=Go, Night=NoGo
Mirror: Daylight=Go, Night=NoGo
IR Strobe: Daylight=NoGo, Night=Go
All unit marking's night thermal is a NoGo
Tracer Bullets: Daylight=Go, Night=Go
AN/PAQ-4: Daylight=NoGo, Night=Go
GCP: Daylight=NoGo, Night=Go
M-203 illum: Daylight=Go, Night=Go
All target marking's night thermal is a NoGo except M-203 illum is a Go