Nursing 100 Final

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Nursing 100 Final
2014-07-07 18:38:49

vocab & questions for nursing 100 final
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  1. What is a tort?
    A civil wrong or injury committed by one person against another person or a property.
  2. What is the nursing scope of practice?
    it is what nurses can do. this is outlined in the state's nurse practice act. these are laws that govern the practice of nursing
  3. what is the nurse practice act
    it defines the term RN. It highlights behaviors that represent misconduct of a nurse. Identifies the scope of practice for a nurse. Highlights grounds of disciplinary action. states fines and penalties that the board may take.
  4. What does respondeant superior mean?
    Let the master speak or answer. This is a legal doctrine that holds an employer indirectly responsible for negligent acts of employees carried but within the scope of employement
  5. Nurses need malpractice insurance
  6. What must be present in order for a person to make a claim of negligence and must be proved by the plaintiff's attorny?
    All four elements! 1. it is the duty of the nurse to possess knowledge and skills that a reasonable and prudent nurse would possess and exercise in the same or similar patient care situation. 2. you must have violated or breached that duty. 3. actual injury or damage is suffered by the patient 4. failure to act by the professional was proximate or foreseeable cause of the patient's injury - cause connection
  7. What is a sentinel event?
    An unintended adverse outcome that results in death, paralysis, coma, or other major permanent loss of function. ex. patient suicide or patient falls
  8. What is the good samaritan law?
    it provides legal immunity from malpractice to those professionals who attempt to give assistance at the scene of an accident. care provided must be within the expertise of and individual. in vermont, minnesota, and wisconsin, a licensed nurse MUST stop and provide care at the scene of an accident.
  9. What is assault?
    an unjustifiable attempt or threat to touch another person. it is causing the person to fear he/she will be touched without consent.
  10. What is battery?
    actual harmful or unwarranted touch of another person without their consent. it is the unauthorized or the actual harmful or offensive touching of a person. The charge of battery does not require proof of harm or injury.
  11. Which of the following are intentional torts?
    assault, battery, breaches in the standard of care, defamation of character, false imprisonment, invasion of privacy, intentional infliction of emotional distress
    All are intentional torts except breaches in the standard of care (unintentional tort because the nurse did not intend to harm the patient)
  12. what is defamation of character?
    causing damage to someones reputation. can be done two ways: libel & slander
  13. What is the different between libel and slander?
    libel - written work, slander - oral or spoken word
  14. what is false imprisonment?
    making someone wrongfully feel that he/she cannot leave a place. it is defined as the unlawful restraint or detention of another person against his or her wishes. ex. if a patient decides to leave the care of a hospital, the nurse may not in any way prevent the person from doing so. actual force is NOT necessary to support a charge of false imprisonment.
  15. True/False Home health has been identified as the fastest growing area in the healthcare system. WHY?
    True. Cost
  16. What is primary prevention?
    illness prevention programs that may be focused on providing immunizations, identifying risk factors for illnesses, and helping people take measures to prevent these illnesses from occurring. example: stop smoking campaigns
  17. What is secondary prevention?
    involved with diagnosis and treatment of disease. included are screenings such as blood pressure or cholesterol and mammograms, testicular exams, or even family counseling.
  18. What is tertiary prevention?
    rehabilitation, health restoration, and palliative care. includes meds, support groups, and surgical treatment. rehab helps the patient to adjust the way some activities are performed in order to get to their potential.
  19. How is the standard of care established in malpractice cases?
    1. policy/procedures 2. nurse practice act 3. state board/regs
  20. What is the most frequent allegation of a nursing mistake?
    failure to communicate
  21. What is included in informed consent?
    risks/benefits of procedure, alternatives, expected results, the nature of treatment (what they will do). time is NOT a key element
  22. *REMEMBER - only objective data should be written on incident reports
  23. What are the four concepts relating to nursing theory?
    nursing, person, environment, health
  24. the nurse CANNOT give information about their patients to other patients (even if they know one another)