First Aid

Card Set Information

Author:
md014351
ID:
278418
Filename:
First Aid
Updated:
2014-07-09 05:26:23
Tags:
First Aid
Folders:

Description:
First Aid
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user md014351 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is Self Aid?
    Emergency treatment one applies to oneself
  2. Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment
    • Bayonet
    • Rifle
    • Entrenching tool
    • Tent poles and stakes
    • Web belt
  3. What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?
    Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg
  4. How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbsor hands are there on the human body?
    11
  5. What is the object of first aid?
    • To stop bleeding
    • Overcome shock
    • Relieve pain
    • Prevent infection
  6. What FM covers first aid for soldiers?
    FM 4-25.11
  7. What is First Aid?
    It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be madeavailable
  8. What is the unique feature of type "O" blood?
    It is a universal donor
  9. When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?
    If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound
  10. What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?
    Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, andsoldiers already dehydrated due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficientuse of)
  11. How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?
    2 to 4 inches
  12. What are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical treatment)
    • Open the airway and restore breathing
    • Stop the bleeding / Protect the wound
    • Prevent shock
  13. When applying splint, where should the bandages be tied?
    The bandages should be tied with knots against the splint
  14. Whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?
    Use the casualty’s field dressing.
  15. How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing be tied?
    Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over the wound site. DO NOT tie sotightly that it has a tourniquet-like effect.
  16. What is manual pressure?
    If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct manual pressure maybe used to help control bleeding. Apply such pressure by placing a hand on the dressingand exerting firm pressure for 5 to 10 minutes. The casualty may be asked to do thishimself if he is conscious and can follow instructions.
  17. Should a casualty be given water to drink?
    He should not eat or drink
  18. Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible?
    To protect the wound from further contamination of germs, and also to control thebleeding
  19. What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet?
    Mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible, note the time of the application of the tourniquet
  20. Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?
    No, only qualified medical personnel can do that
  21. Where is a tourniquet applied?
    Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body trunk (or betweenthe wound and the heart). Never place it directly over a wound, a fracture, or joint.Tourniquets, for maximum effectiveness, should be placed on the upper arm or above theknee on the thigh.
  22. How can you prevent athlete's foot?
    Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks daily
  23. Name 3 categories of heat injuries
    • Heat cramps
    • Heat exhaustion
    • Heat stroke
  24. What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
    Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs)Abdominal Cramps (stomach)Excessive Sweating
  25. What is the treatment for heat cramps?
    • Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.
    • Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)
    • In a chemical environment, transport the heat casualty to a non-contaminated area assoon as the mission permits.
    • Have him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water. (The body absorbs cool water faster than warm or cold water; therefore, cool water is preferred if it is available.)
    • Seek medical assistance should cramps continue.
  26. symptoms of heat exhaustion?
    • Excessive sweating with pale, moist, cool skin
    • Headache
    • Weakness
    • Dizziness
    • Loss of appetite
    • Cramping
    • Nausea (with or without vomiting)
    • Urge to defecate
    • Chills (Gooseflesh)
    • Rapid Breathing
    • Tingling of Hands/FeetConfusion
  27. What would the treatment be for heat exhaustion?
    • Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.
    • Loosen or remove his clothing and boots (unless in a chemical environment); pour water on him and fan him.
    • Have him slowly drink at least one canteen of water.
    • Elevate his legs.
    • If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the remainderof the day.
    • Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone, or medical assistance arrives.
  28. What are the signs and symptoms of heat stroke?
    • Skin is red, hot and dry
    • Weakness
    • Dizziness
    • Confusion
    • Headaches
    • Seizures
    • Nausea
    • Stomach pains or cramps
    • Respiration and pulse may be rapid and weak.
    • Unconsciousness and collapse may occur suddenly.
  29. What would the treatment be for heat stroke?
    • Cool casualty immediately by—
    • Moving him to a cool, shady area or improvising shade if none is available.
    • Loosening or removing his clothing (except in a chemical environment).
    • Spraying or pouring water on him; fanning him to permit the coolant effect of evaporation.
    • Massaging his extremities and skin, which increases the blood flow to those body areas, thus aiding the cooling process.
    • Elevating his legs.
    • Having him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water if he is conscious.
    • Seek medical assistance immediately
  30. If a casualty were suspected of having a neck/spinal injury or severe head trauma, which method would you use for opening an airway?
    The jaw thrust technique, because in most cases it can be done without extending theneck
  31. What are two basic types of fractures?
    • Open (compound)
    • Closed (simple)
  32. What are some signs of an open fracture?
    • Bleeding.
    • Bones sticking through the skin.
    • Check for pulse.
  33. What are some signs of a closed fracture?
    • Swelling.
    • Discoloration.
    • Deformity.
    • Unusual body position.
    • Check for pulse.
  34. With an open fracture, what should you do first?
    Stop the bleeding
  35. What is the basic proven principle in splinting fractures?
    "Splint them where they lie"
  36. How tight should tourniquet be?
    Tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped.
  37. What are the three types of bleeding?
    • Arterial- Blood is bright red and will spurt with each heart beat
    • Venous- Blood is dark red and flows in a steady stream
    • Capillary- Blood oozes from the wound
  38. Name 4 common points for checking pulse
    • Carotid- The side of the neck
    • Femoral- The groin
    • Radial- The wrist
    • Posterial Tibial- Ankle
  39. What are some signs/symptoms of shock?
    • Clammy skin (cool, pale and damp)
    • Restlessness and nervousness
    • Thirst
    • Loss of blood
    • Confusion
    • Fast breathing
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Blotched or bluish skin (especially around the mouth and lips)
    • Often perspires freely
    • May pass out.
  40. What is the treatment for shock?
    • “P.E.L.C.R.N.” (Pronounced Pell-Crin)
    • Position the casualty on their back
    • Elevate the Legs
    • Loosen clothing at neck waist or wherever it is binding
    • Climatize (prevent too hot or too cold)
    • Reassure (keep the casualty calm)
    • Notify medical personnel (Help, Get a medic!!)
  41. What is a heat injury?
    A loss of water and salt, loss of sweat while personnel work in the heat, a general dehydration of the body
  42. What is the greatest preventive measure for disease?
    Cleanliness
  43. How do you stop bleeding?
    • Apply a field dressing
    • Manual pressure
    • Elevate the limb
    • Apply a pressure dressing
    • Digital Pressure
    • Apply a tourniquet
  44. What is CPR?
    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is used to restore a heart beat
  45. When can measures taken to restore breathing in an individual be discontinued?
    • When a doctor tells you to stop
    • When others relieve you
    • When you cannot physically continue
    • When the casualty starts to breath on his own
  46. What is AIDS?
    AIDS is the end stage of the HIV infection. At this point, the virus has attacked and weakened a person's immune system
  47. Name two types of rescue breathing
    • Mouth to mouth
    • Mouth to nose
  48. What do the letters AIDS stand for?
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  49. When should a casualty not be placed in the shock position?
    • Head injury
    • Abdominal wound
    • Fractured (unsplinted) leg
  50. How long is direct manual pressure applied to control bleeding?
    5 to 10 minutes
  51. What should you do prior to leaving an unconscious casualty?
    Turn their head to the side to prevent them from choking on their own vomit
  52. When should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?
    As a last resort when everything else has failed or when an arm or leg has been severed off
  53. What does COLD stand for?
    It is a key word in cold weather protection, it stands for Keep it CLEAN, Avoid OVERHEATING, Wear it LOOSE and in layers and Keep it DRY
  54. What are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty?
    • Responsiveness
    • Breathing
    • Pulse
    • Bleeding
    • Shock
    • Fractures
    • Burns
    • Possible concussions (head injuries)
  55. What is the first indication of frostbite?
    Skin becomes numb and white particles/patches form on it
  56. What do you do to treat frostbite?
    Remove clothing from the affected area, warm with body heat, dress the area and seek additional medical help
  57. When should an airtight dressing be applied to a sucking chest wound?
    As the individual breathes out
  58. How should you position a casualty with an open abdominal wound?
    On his back with his knees up to relieve abdominal pressure
  59. What do you do with exposed abdominal organs?
    Wrap them in dry clean material and place on top of the abdomen (never try to put themback in)
  60. How do you take the Carotid pulse?
    Carotid pulse. To check the carotid pulse, feel for a pulse on the side of the casualty’sneck closest to you. This is done by placing the tips of your first two fingers beside his Adam’s apple.
  61. In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the two-man methods?
    • Two-Man Support Carry
    • Two-Man Arms Carry
    • Two-Man Fore-and Aft-Carry
    • Four-Hand Seat Carry
    • Two-Hand Seat Carry
  62. In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the one-man methods?
    • Fireman's carry
    • Supporting carry
    • Arms Carry
    • Saddleback carry
    • Pack-strap carry
    • Pistol belt carry
    • Pistol belt drag
    • Neck drag
    • LBE Carry Using Bearers LBE
    • LBE Carry Using
    • Casualty’s LBE
    • Cradle Drop Drag
  63. Should you put any medication or cream on a burn?
    No
  64. Name the four types of burns
    • Thermal
    • Electrical
    • Chemical
    • Laser
  65. What is the primary objective in the treatment of burns?
    Lessen or prevent shock and infection
  66. What are the three categories used in medical evacuation?
    • Urgent- within 2 hours
    • Priority- within 4 hours
    • Routine- within 24 hours
  67. What is the first aid procedure for a white phosphorous casualty?
    Smother the flame by submerging the affected area in water or pack with mud. Thenremove the particles by brushing or picking them out
  68. What is the first step in the first aid of a burn victim?
    Remove the casualty from the source of the burn
  69. What are the 2 prescribed methods for opening an airway?
    • The jaw thrust
    • Head tilt/chin lift methods
  70. What is the major cause of tooth decay and gum disease?
    Dental plaque
  71. What are the 9 mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
    • Unexplained runny nose
    • Unexplained headache
    • Sudden drooling
    • Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis)
    • Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing
    • Localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin
    • Stomach cramps
    • Nausea
    • Tachycardia followed by bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeatwth a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of lessthan 60 beats per minute)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview