Biology Lab ex. 6

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278506
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Biology Lab ex. 6
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2014-07-09 11:41:24
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  1. act as connections among various other tissues; hold parts together and supports them; transport of materials; storage
    connective tissues
  2. extracellular material
    matrix
  3. basic types of matrix
    • protein fiber
    • protein/ground substance
    • fluid
  4. extracellular material composed of many substances but with a dominance of protein fibers
    protein fiber matrix
  5. common protein that forms bundles of tough, flexible fibers; whitish color; "white fibers"
    collagen
  6. stretchy, fibrous protein; forms thick, single fibers in connective tissue matrices; "yellow fibers"
    elastin
  7. categories of protein fiber matrix connective tissues
    • fibrous
    • adipose
  8. classification of fibrous tissues
    • dense fibrous
    • loose fibrous
  9. classification of dense fibrous
    • dense collagenous fibrous
    • dense elastic fibrous
  10. classification of dense fibrous tissue according to their fiber arrangement
    • regular dense fibrous
    • irregular dense fibrous
  11. another name for loose fibrous tissue
    areolar tissue
  12. having regular parallel bundles of fibers
    regular dense fibrous
  13. having an irregular hodgepodge of fibers
    irregular dense fibrous
  14. fat tissue; storage of fat; modified form of areolar tissue, with fat storage cells having been filled with stored lipids and expanded into the extracellular spaces
    adipose
  15. extracellular material that has some protein fibers, but also a great deal of nonfibrous protein and other substances
    protein/ground substance matrix
  16. matrix is a combination of fibers and ground substance that gives it a rubbery quality
    cartilage
  17. types of cartilage
    • hyaline cartilage
    • fibrocartilage
    • elastic cartilage
  18. type of cartilage that has a moderate amount of collagen fiber in its matrix giving it a great deal of toughness along with its cushiony quality; most abundant
    hyaline cartilage
  19. type of cartilage that has a large amount of collagen in its matrix; more rigid, less rubbery consistency
    fibrocartilage
  20. type of cartilage that is distinguished by the presence of elastin fibers, giving it a stretchy quality
    elastic cartilage
  21. two types of bone
    • compact bone
    • cancellous (spongy) bone
  22. similarity of compact and cancellous (spongy) bones
    matrix of collagen fibers encrusted with mineral crystals that give them solid consistencies
  23. type of bone that forms large, dense pieces of bone matrix
    compact bone
  24. type of bone that forms thin, narrow beams of hard bone matrix in which red bone marrow can be supported
    cancellous (spongy) bone
  25. composed of a water-based solution with a fluid consistency
    fluid matrix
  26. major type of fluid matrix connective tissue
    blood
  27. where blood cells are suspended and can slide past one another freely
    plasma
  28. -blast
    make
  29. -clast
    break
  30. -cyte
    cell (inactive mode)
  31. fibro-
    fiber
  32. chondro-
    cartilage
  33. osteo-
    bone
  34. dense arrangement of fibers (collagen or elastic)
    dense fibrous connective tissue
  35. these are interspersed among the fibers of a mature tissue
    fibrocytes
  36. forms the lower layer of the skin (dermis), much of the body's fascia (band of color), and the capsules of many organs
    irregular dense fibrous tissue
  37. used for structures that require a better engineered connection between parts that are pulled with great force; forms tendons and ligaments
    regular dense fibrous tissue
  38. muscle to bone
    tendons
  39. bone to bone
    ligaments
  40. areolar meaning
    spacious
  41. tissue that forms loose bonds between other tissues; have both collagen and elastin fibers
    loose fibrous (areolar) connective tissue
  42. specialized to store lipids in large vesicles; very little matrix because of the crowding of fibers and other cells due to increased storage of fat; storage, support, insulation, cushion
    adipose tissue
  43. relation of adipose and areolar tissues
    found together
  44. little pockets where chondrocytes are scattered throughout the matrix; "lakes"
    lacunae
  45. has a large proportion of elastin fibers in its matrix; springiness
    elastic cartilage
  46. formed by osteons packed tightly together
    compact bone
  47. solid, cylindrical units; consists of multiple concentric layers of hard bone matrix with cells sandwiched between layers
    osteons or haversian system
  48. each layer of an osteon
    lamella (pl. lamellae)
  49. once active osteoblasts but have trapped themselves in the solid matrix they formed
    osteocytes
  50. where the lamellae are centered around the blood vessels of
    central canal or haversian canal
  51. the cells transport materials to and from the canal by way of these which connect the osteocytes to each other and to the canal
    canaliculi (small canals)
  52. open, latticelike structure; thin plates of bone matrix, with a scattering of osteocytes trapped within lacunae, form structural beams that have great strength despite the open spaces
    cancellous bone
  53. beams of hard bone
    trabeculae
  54. why is cancellous often called spongy
    because it has open spaces
  55. type of blood tissue that produces new blood cells which fill the spaces of cancellous bones
    myeloid tissue or red bone marrow
  56. fluid-matrix connective tissue; transport, immune protection, regulate body temperature
    blood
  57. parts of blood
    • rbc
    • platelets
    • wbc

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