systemic pharm nbeo3.txt

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systemic pharm nbeo3.txt
2015-02-24 15:17:24
systemic pharm nbeo3

systemic pharm nbeo3
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  1. What is the DOC for staphylococcal blepharitis or external hordeolum?
  2. What is the DOC for meibomianitis and acne rosacea?
    Tetracycline or doxycycline
  3. What is the DOC for internal hordeolum?
    Dicloxacillin or cephalexin
  4. What are the drugs used for acute mucopurulent conjunctivitis?
    • Gentamicin
    • Tobramycin
    • Trimethoprim/polymixin
    • Fluoroquinolones
  5. What is the DOC for adult gonococcal conjunctivitis?
    Ceftriaxone 1gm IM
  6. What is the DOC for neonate gonococcal conjunctivitis?
    Ceftriaxone 25-50 mg/kg IV or IM
  7. What is the DOC for adult chlamydial conjunctivitis?
    Doxycycline 100 mg PO bid, or azithromycin 1gm
  8. What is the DOC for neonate chlamydial conjunctivitis and dacryocystitis?
  9. What is the DOC for acute mild dacryocystitis and mild preseptal cellulitis?
    Amoxicillin/clavulanate or cefaclor
  10. What is the DOC doe mod/severe dacryocystitis?
    Ampicillin/sulbactam IV
  11. What is the DOC for mode/severe preseptal cellulitis?
    • Cefuroxime 1g IV
    • Ampicillin/sulbactam IV
  12. What is the DOC for orbital cellulitis?
    Nafcillin IV and ceftriaxone IV or ampicillin/sulbactam IV
  13. What is the DOC for small keratitis?
    Ciprofloxacin or ofloxacin
  14. What is the DOC for a large keratitis?
    Fortified cefazolin and fortified tobramycin on alternating scale
  15. What is the DOC for intravitreal endophthalmitis?
    Vancomycin and either amaikacin or ceftazidime
  16. What is the protein synthesis blocker acronym?
    • Buy AT 30 CEL at 50
    • Aminoglycosides
    • Tetracyclines
    • Chloramphenicol
    • Erythromycin
    • Lincomycin,clindamycin
  17. Which is to be taken w/o food 30s or 50s?
    • 30s
    • PAT an empty stomach
    • Penicillin
    • Azithromycin
    • Tetracycline
  18. What aminoglycosides are there?
    • Gentamicin
    • Tobramycin
  19. What spectrum do aminoglycosides cover?
    Broad spectrum, with strength being in gram (-)
  20. What is gentamycin used for?
    • Reserved for severe infections
    • Septicemia
    • Endocarditis
    • Infected burns
    • Pseudomonas
  21. What 30s are bacteriostatic?
  22. What 30s are bactericidal?
  23. What are tetracyclines used for?
    • Acne
    • Chlamydia
    • Lyme disease
  24. What is minocycline for?
    Long-term management of acne
  25. What 50s protein synthesis inhibitors are there
    • Chloramphenicol
    • Macrolides
    • Lincomycin, clindamycin
  26. What 50s drug causes irreversible aplastic anemia?
  27. What 50s drug can cause grey baby syndrome and optic neuritis?
  28. What drugs are reserved for MERSA and anaerobic infections above diaphragm?
    • Lincomycin
    • Clindamycin
  29. What is the MOA of fluoroquinolones?
    Inhibit DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV
  30. What are adverse effects of fluoroquinolones?
    quinoLONES hurt attachments to BONES (tendinitis)
  31. can you use fluoroquinolones in pregnancy?
  32. What fluoroquinolone is 1st generation?
    Ciprofloxacin (least gram negative coverage)
  33. What fluoroquinolone is 2nd generation
  34. What fluoroquinolone is 3rd generation
  35. What fluoroquinolones are 4th generation?
    • Gatifloxacin
    • Moxifloxacin
  36. What fluoroquinolone is 5th generation
    Besifloxacin (most gram negative coverage)
  37. What is the MOA of bacitracin and vancomycin?
    Inhibits peptidoglycan synthesis for cell wall prevention
  38. What type of spectrum is bacitracin?
    Excellent very narrow gram +
  39. What ingredients are in polysporin?
    Bacitracin (+) and polymyxin B (-)
  40. What ingredients are in neosporin?
    Polysporin and neomycin (broad bacterial and fungal mgmt)
  41. What is bacitracin rxed for?
  42. What is vancomycin used for?
    • Reserved for very serious infections:
    • MRSA and endophthalmitis
  43. What are side effects of vancomycin?
    • Ototoxicity
    • Nephtotoxicity
    • Red man's syndrome