emt

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Author:
shebel
ID:
27874
Filename:
emt
Updated:
2010-07-24 23:06:13
Tags:
chapter22
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Description:
chest and abdominal emergencies
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  1. inflammation or low grade chronic infection of the gallbladder
    cholecystitus
  2. scarring of the liver
    cirrhosis
  3. outpouching of the inner wall of bowel tissue into the muscular layer of the bowel
    diverticulum
  4. spilling of the abdominal contents through a wound in the abdominal wall
    evisceration
  5. condition in which 2 or more ribs are fractured in 2 or more places
    flail chest
  6. bleeding within the pleural cavity
    hemothorax
  7. inflammation of the liver
    hepatitius
  8. a pmeumothorax in which the chest wall is punctured; also called a sucking chest wound
    open pneumothorax
  9. type of breathing in which the chest wall moves opposite to normal chest movement
    paradoxical motion
  10. mechanical compression of the heart by large amounts of fluid or blood within the pericardial space
    pericardial tamponade or cardiac tamponade
  11. inflammation of the peritoneum
    peritonitis
  12. air within the pleural space
    pneumothorax
  13. severe infection of the kidney
    pyelonephritis
  14. air trapped in the pleural space caused by a one way valve effect created on the chest wall or lung wall; resulting in increased intrathoratic pressure, respiratory failure, and shock.
    tension pneumothorax
  15. the center of the thoratic cavity
    mediasternum
  16. the space on either side of the thoratic cavity
    pleural space
  17. a condition resulting from severe compression of the thorax such as from high speed injuries
    traumatic asphyxia
  18. the lining of the inner abdominal cavity is called:
    peritoneum
  19. the part of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal and pelvic walls:
    parietal peritoneum
  20. the part of the peritoneum that covers most of the intraabdominal organs
    visceral peritoneum
  21. the space between the visceral and the parietal peritoneum is called the:
    peritoneal cavity
  22. muscular action that moves food in a coordinated manner through the entire digestive system
    peristalsis
  23. ballon like blood vessels that can protrude through the lower esophageal wall, where they can be subject to erosion from gastric acids
    esophageal varices
  24. vomiting blood is called:
    hematemesis
  25. blood in the stool that appears black, with tarry consistency and distinct foul oder.
    melena
  26. the 3 segments of the mall intestines
    duodenum, jejunum, ileum
  27. segment of the mall intestines that extends from the stomach, its U shaped, leaving the stomach on the right and hooking back in on the left
    duodenum
  28. segment of the mall intenstines that is the drainage tube from the liver, pancrreas, and gallbladder.
    jejumum
  29. segment of the mall intestines that ends at the junction of the large and small intestines
    ileum
  30. the kidneys excrete large amounts of water is called:
    diuresis
  31. the byproduct of metabolism that the kidneys filter out:
    urea
  32. passage of a stone from the kidney iinot the ureters, causing partial or total obstruction of urine flow
    renal colic
  33. painful urination is called:
    dysuria
  34. blood in the urine is called:
    hematuria

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