emt

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Author:
shebel
ID:
27878
Filename:
emt
Updated:
2010-07-25 00:07:21
Tags:
chapter23
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Description:
musculoskeletal care
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  1. displacement of the bones in a joint from their normal anatomic position
    dislocation
  2. a break in the continuity of bone
    fracture
  3. plastic splints filled with air to provide circumferntial support to an injured extremity
    pneumatic (air) splint
  4. splint made of rigid material such as cardboard, wood, metal, or plastic. should be well padded
    rigid splint
  5. a triangle shaped bandage used to support the weight of the arm
    sling
  6. injury to ligaments, usually resulting from stetching force
    sprain
  7. injury to muscles or their tendons, usually from overstreching or violent contractions
    strain
  8. folded triangular bandage or roller bandage used to bind the upper arm to the chest wall
    swathe
  9. device consisting of a metal frame and a pulley system to apply traction to the lower extremity
    traction splint
  10. the skull, face, spinal column, and thoratic cavity are collectivly refered to as what part of the skeleton?
    axial skelton
  11. the upper and lower extremities, the shoulder, and the pelvis are collectivly called what part of the skeleton?
    appendicular skeleton
  12. calcified connective tissue that gives strength to the skeleton
    bone
  13. softer precursor to the bony skeleton in the fetal stage and persists at the sight of bone growth
    cartilage
  14. the cartilage found at the joints or articulations of bones is called:
    articular cartilage
  15. tough connective tissue bands that bind one bone to another joint
    ligaments
  16. tough connective tissue bands that connect muscle to bone and seves to pull or move bones as muscles contract
    tendons
  17. tissue capable of contranction or shortening
    muscles
  18. what are the 3 types of muscles?
    • 1. voluntary (skeletal)
    • 2. involuntary (smooth)
    • 3. cadiac
  19. joining one bone with another is called?
    articulation
  20. the name for the shoulder blade
    scapula
  21. the name of the collar bone
    clavicle
  22. the bone of the upper arm
    humerus
  23. what is the main portion of the humerus refered to?
    the Shaft
  24. the outer palpable projections of the lower humerus is called?
    the medial and lateral epicondyles
  25. the bone located medially along the length of the forearm
    ulna
  26. the posterior point of the elbow
    olecranon
  27. the bone that lies parallel to the ulna on the lateral aspect or thumb side of the arm
    radius
  28. the wrist is made up of 8 small bones called?
    carpal bones
  29. consists of 5 bones that extend from the wrist to the knuckes
    metacarpals
  30. the first row of finger bones are called?
    phalanges
  31. ring like structue consiting of the sacrum and the coccyx posteriorly, the pubic symphysis anteriorly, and three fused bones
    pelvis
  32. a winglike bone forming the superior lateral aspect of the pelvis
    ilium
  33. the upper most part of the ilium is called the?
    iliac crest
  34. this bone forms the posterior portion of the pelvis
    ischium
  35. this bones bears the weight of the body in the sitting position
    ischial tuberosity
  36. the pubis is composed of a body and superior and inferior ?
    pubic rami
  37. the ilium, ischium, and pubis join together at the what? aka the socket for the hip joint
    acetabulum
  38. the longest and strongest bone in the body
    femur
  39. projections of bone serving as attachments for muscle on the femur
    lesser and greater trochanters
  40. the shaft of the femur widens distally before articulaton at the knee were you can palpater the?
    medial and lateral condyles
  41. the major weight bearing bone in the lower leg
    tibia
  42. the name for the knee cap
    patella
  43. the smaller bone running parallel, lateral, and posterior to the tibia
    fibula
  44. the bones of the foot consist of 7? 5? and 14?
    tarsal, metatarsal, phalanges
  45. the heel bone is also called?
    calcaneus
  46. the two forces that can cause fractures
    • direct (direct force applied)
    • indirect (force transmitted along the axes of bones resulting in a fracture away from the impact site)
  47. amount of blood loss with a fracture of the radius/ulna
    250-500mL
  48. amount of blood loss with a fracture of the humerus
    500-750mL
  49. amount of blood loss with a fracture of the pelvis
    1500-3000mL
  50. amount of blood loss with a fracture of the femur
    1000-2000mL
  51. amount of blood loss with a fracture of the tibia/fibula
    500-1000mL

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