Card Set Information
displacement of the bones in a joint from their normal anatomic position
a break in the continuity of bone
plastic splints filled with air to provide circumferntial support to an injured extremity
pneumatic (air) splint
splint made of rigid material such as cardboard, wood, metal, or plastic. should be well padded
a triangle shaped bandage used to support the weight of the arm
injury to ligaments, usually resulting from stetching force
injury to muscles or their tendons, usually from overstreching or violent contractions
folded triangular bandage or roller bandage used to bind the upper arm to the chest wall
device consisting of a metal frame and a pulley system to apply traction to the lower extremity
the skull, face, spinal column, and thoratic cavity are collectivly refered to as what part of the skeleton?
the upper and lower extremities, the shoulder, and the pelvis are collectivly called what part of the skeleton?
calcified connective tissue that gives strength to the skeleton
softer precursor to the bony skeleton in the fetal stage and persists at the sight of bone growth
the cartilage found at the joints or articulations of bones is called:
tough connective tissue bands that bind one bone to another joint
tough connective tissue bands that connect muscle to bone and seves to pull or move bones as muscles contract
tissue capable of contranction or shortening
what are the 3 types of muscles?
1. voluntary (skeletal)
2. involuntary (smooth)
joining one bone with another is called?
the name for the shoulder blade
the name of the collar bone
the bone of the upper arm
what is the main portion of the humerus refered to?
the outer palpable projections of the lower humerus is called?
the medial and lateral epicondyles
the bone located medially along the length of the forearm
the posterior point of the elbow
the bone that lies parallel to the ulna on the lateral aspect or thumb side of the arm
the wrist is made up of 8 small bones called?
consists of 5 bones that extend from the wrist to the knuckes
the first row of finger bones are called?
ring like structue consiting of the sacrum and the coccyx posteriorly, the pubic symphysis anteriorly, and three fused bones
a winglike bone forming the superior lateral aspect of the pelvis
the upper most part of the ilium is called the?
this bone forms the posterior portion of the pelvis
this bones bears the weight of the body in the sitting position
the pubis is composed of a body and superior and inferior ?
the ilium, ischium, and pubis join together at the what? aka the socket for the hip joint
the longest and strongest bone in the body
projections of bone serving as attachments for muscle on the femur
lesser and greater trochanters
the shaft of the femur widens distally before articulaton at the knee were you can palpater the?
medial and lateral condyles
the major weight bearing bone in the lower leg
the name for the knee cap
the smaller bone running parallel, lateral, and posterior to the tibia
the bones of the foot consist of 7? 5? and 14?
tarsal, metatarsal, phalanges
the heel bone is also called?
the two forces that can cause fractures
direct (direct force applied)
indirect (force transmitted along the axes of bones resulting in a fracture away from the impact site)
amount of blood loss with a fracture of the radius/ulna
amount of blood loss with a fracture of the humerus
amount of blood loss with a fracture of the pelvis
amount of blood loss with a fracture of the femur
amount of blood loss with a fracture of the tibia/fibula