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  1. what is a hasty attack?
    attack when the commander decides to trade preparation time for speed to exploit an opportunity
  2. what is a deliberate attack?
    type of offensive action characterized by pre-planned and coordinated employment of firepower and maneuver to close with and destroy the enemy
  3. what are the principals of war?
    • Mass
    • objective
    • offensive
    • security
    • econ of force
    • maneuver
    • unity of command
    • surprise
    • simplicity
  4. what is coc coordination?
    provides updates to a plan and will help paint the big picture.
  5. what are preparatory fires?
    conducted before the plt steps into the attack, usually at battalion or higher. they isolate the obj by targeting coc, logistics, fire support, reinforcements.
  6. what is fires in support of conduct?
    used by plt cmdr to support the plts movement to and actions on the obj.
  7. what are echelon fires?
    technique by which a commander uses multiple fire support agencies in succession to achieve continuous suppression on enemy.
  8. what is the difference between a sustained and rapid rate of fire?
    • sustained- provides average suppression, and conserves ammo. used as default.
    • rapid- more suppression, but causes weapons to overheat
  9. what does safe mean?
    • Security
    • automatice weapons on ave of approach
    • fields of fires
    • entrenchment
  10. what are the different phases of an attack?
    • prep
    • conduct
    • consolidation
  11. what is a pld?
    similar to an assault pos for night attack
  12. what is the purpose of a defense?
    coordinated effort to defeat an attack by an opposing force and prevent it from achieving its objective
  13. what are the 10 fundamentals of the defense?
    • knowledge of the enemy
    • maneuver
    • preparation- hasty defense, deliberate defense
    • use of terrain
    • surprise
    • mass and concentrarion
    • flexibility
    • offensive action
    • mutual support
    • defense in depth
  14. what are the different types of defensive ops?
    • mobile defense
    • position defense
  15. what is the final step in the prep phase of def?
    developing the EMLCOA
  16. what is the first priority of the consolidation phase?
    re-establishing security
  17. what are the engineer battlefield functions?
    • Counter-mobility
    • survivability
    • mobility
    • general engineering
  18. what is the primary intent counter-mobility?
    deny the enemys ability to execute his plan
  19. what are the two categories of obstacles?
    • existing
    • reinforcing
  20. what are the 5 types of reinforcing obstacles?
    • constructed
    • demolitions
    • mines
    • contamination
    • expedient
  21. what are three primary purposes of obstacles?
    • enhance the effectiveness of friendly fires
    • delay the enemys advance
    • enhance friendly economy of force measures
  22. what are the principles of reinforcing obstacles?
    • covered by fire
    • observed
    • concealed and employed for surprise
    • employment in depth
    • protected by early warning
    • integrated with other obstacles
    • non-geometric
  23. what are the 5 breaching tenents?
    • intelligence
    • breaching funadamentals
    • breaching tactics
    • mass
    • synchronization
  24. what are the breaching fundamentals?
    • suppress
    • obscure
    • secure
    • reduce
  25. what are the breaching tactics?
    • support force
    • breach force
    • assault force
  26. what are the components of a firing team
    • the observer
    • the fdc
    • the howitzer section
  27. what types of ships provide naval surface fire support?
    • destroyer
    • guided missile destroyer
    • guided missile cruiser
  28. what are the 3 elements of the fire support system?
    • forward observer
    • fire direction center
    • firing unit
  29. a mil is equal to 1/what of a circle?
  30. what is nw in mills?
  31. what are the 3 methods used to determine observer target direction? 6
    • scaling from a map
    • lensatic compass
    • measuring from a reference point
  32. direction should be determined to an accuracy of?
    10 mills
  33. t f- binos are the fos best tool to measure angular deviation?
  34. what are the 2 methods used to determineot distance?
    • estamation
    • visibility
    • map study
  35. distance is expressed to the nearest what meters?
    100 m
  36. what are the two methods of communicating target location
    • polar plot
    • grid
  37. how accurate must a grid be for a grid mission?
    100 m
  38. in which method is the fos pos not needed?
  39. when using grid the fo must tarnsmit blank to the fdc prior to the first correction
  40. the cff has blank elements and is sent in blank transmissions?
    • 6
    • 3
  41. what are the four types of missions that can be called at the boc?
    • adjust fire
    • fire for effect
    • immediate suppression
    • supperssion
  42. what would the the fo announce if he wanted to control when the firing units fire?
    at my command
  43. what would the fo say if he wanted the rounds to impact at a certain time?
    time on target
  44. what type of arty has small grenades inside?
    improved conventional munitions
  45. what shell is most effective for obscuration and screening?
    smoke m825
  46. what are the four elements in the MO?
    • units to fire
    • changes to call for fire
    • number of rounds
    • target number
  47. what should the fo do upon reciept of the mto?
    read it back
  48. when an adjusting round or the first round in the fire for effect is fired by the firing unit, the fdc announces?
    shot over
  49. what are the four possible range spotting?
    • over
    • short
    • range correct
    • range doubtful
  50. deviation spotting are made to the nearest?
    5 mils
  51. what is the ot factor?
    divided by 1000
  52. the method we use for range corrections at the boc is?
    successive bracketing
  53. what is the min deviatin correction sent to the fdc during the adjustment phase?
    30 m
  54. range 1300, ot factor is?
  55. range 6400, ot factor is?
  56. what are the 2 possible range correction?
    • add
    • drop
  57. what is the min range correction sent to the fdc during the adjustment phase?
    100 m except when entering the fire for effect range
  58. what are the three conditions that allow us to enter the ffe phase?
    • when an addjusting round has effect on the target
    • when splitting a 100 m bracket
    • if you have accurate target location
  59. what are the 2 categories for fire support coordination measures?
    • permissive
    • restrictive
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