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what is a hasty attack?
attack when the commander decides to trade preparation time for speed to exploit an opportunity
what is a deliberate attack?
type of offensive action characterized by pre-planned and coordinated employment of firepower and maneuver to close with and destroy the enemy
what are the principals of war?
- econ of force
- unity of command
what is coc coordination?
provides updates to a plan and will help paint the big picture.
what are preparatory fires?
conducted before the plt steps into the attack, usually at battalion or higher. they isolate the obj by targeting coc, logistics, fire support, reinforcements.
what is fires in support of conduct?
used by plt cmdr to support the plts movement to and actions on the obj.
what are echelon fires?
technique by which a commander uses multiple fire support agencies in succession to achieve continuous suppression on enemy.
what is the difference between a sustained and rapid rate of fire?
- sustained- provides average suppression, and conserves ammo. used as default.
- rapid- more suppression, but causes weapons to overheat
what does safe mean?
- automatice weapons on ave of approach
- fields of fires
what are the different phases of an attack?
what is a pld?
similar to an assault pos for night attack
what is the purpose of a defense?
coordinated effort to defeat an attack by an opposing force and prevent it from achieving its objective
what are the 10 fundamentals of the defense?
- knowledge of the enemy
- preparation- hasty defense, deliberate defense
- use of terrain
- mass and concentrarion
- offensive action
- mutual support
- defense in depth
what are the different types of defensive ops?
- mobile defense
- position defense
what is the final step in the prep phase of def?
developing the EMLCOA
what is the first priority of the consolidation phase?
what are the engineer battlefield functions?
- general engineering
what is the primary intent counter-mobility?
deny the enemys ability to execute his plan
what are the two categories of obstacles?
what are the 5 types of reinforcing obstacles?
what are three primary purposes of obstacles?
- enhance the effectiveness of friendly fires
- delay the enemys advance
- enhance friendly economy of force measures
what are the principles of reinforcing obstacles?
- covered by fire
- concealed and employed for surprise
- employment in depth
- protected by early warning
- integrated with other obstacles
what are the 5 breaching tenents?
- breaching funadamentals
- breaching tactics
what are the breaching fundamentals?
what are the breaching tactics?
- support force
- breach force
- assault force
what are the components of a firing team
- the observer
- the fdc
- the howitzer section
what types of ships provide naval surface fire support?
- guided missile destroyer
- guided missile cruiser
what are the 3 elements of the fire support system?
- forward observer
- fire direction center
- firing unit
a mil is equal to 1/what of a circle?
what is nw in mills?
what are the 3 methods used to determine observer target direction? 6
- scaling from a map
- lensatic compass
- measuring from a reference point
direction should be determined to an accuracy of?
t f- binos are the fos best tool to measure angular deviation?
what are the 2 methods used to determineot distance?
- map study
distance is expressed to the nearest what meters?
what are the two methods of communicating target location
how accurate must a grid be for a grid mission?
in which method is the fos pos not needed?
when using grid the fo must tarnsmit blank to the fdc prior to the first correction
the cff has blank elements and is sent in blank transmissions?
what are the four types of missions that can be called at the boc?
- adjust fire
- fire for effect
- immediate suppression
what would the the fo announce if he wanted to control when the firing units fire?
at my command
what would the fo say if he wanted the rounds to impact at a certain time?
time on target
what type of arty has small grenades inside?
improved conventional munitions
what shell is most effective for obscuration and screening?
what are the four elements in the MO?
- units to fire
- changes to call for fire
- number of rounds
- target number
what should the fo do upon reciept of the mto?
read it back
when an adjusting round or the first round in the fire for effect is fired by the firing unit, the fdc announces?
what are the four possible range spotting?
- range correct
- range doubtful
deviation spotting are made to the nearest?
what is the ot factor?
divided by 1000
the method we use for range corrections at the boc is?
what is the min deviatin correction sent to the fdc during the adjustment phase?
range 1300, ot factor is?
range 6400, ot factor is?
what are the 2 possible range correction?
what is the min range correction sent to the fdc during the adjustment phase?
100 m except when entering the fire for effect range
what are the three conditions that allow us to enter the ffe phase?
- when an addjusting round has effect on the target
- when splitting a 100 m bracket
- if you have accurate target location
what are the 2 categories for fire support coordination measures?