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What are the three levels of war.
- Stategic Level
- Operational Level
- Tactical Level
Who is in control of strategic level of war?
POTUS, Secretary of Defense, JCS, NSC
Who is in control of operational level of war?
Who is in control tactical levels of war?
Name the seven intelligence disciplines ?
- Geospatial intelligence GEOINT
- Signals intelligence SIGINT
- Measurement and signature intelligence MASINT
- Open source intelligence OSINT
- Technical intelligence TECHINT
- Human intelligence HUMINT
- Counterintelligence CI
Describe geospatial intelligence.
It describes the earth by using imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial intelligence.
Describe signals intelligence.
Intelligence derived from communications, electronics and foreign instrumentation signals.
Describe measurement and signature intelligence.
It provides attributes of targets and events to characterized, locate and identify targets; and derived from specialized technically derived measurements of physical phenomenon intrinsic to an object.
Describe open source intelligence.
Relevant information derived from the systematic collection, processing and analysis that's publicly available
Describe technical intelligence.
It's the collection, processing, analysis and exploitation of data and information pertaining to foreign equipment or material
Describe human intelligence.
It's a category of intelligence derived from information collected by human sources
Describe counter intelligence.
It's information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt or protect against espionage , activities, sabotage or assassination.
What are the geographical combatant commands(COCOMS)?
AFRICOM, CENTCOM,EUROCOM,NORTHCOM, PACOM AND SOUTHCOM
What are the functional combatant commands?
SOCOM, TRANSCOM, STRATCOM
What are the four target intelligence support responsibilities within the JIOC?
- Target development
- Target material production
- Collection management
- Combat assessment / BDA
What is JWAC?
Joint warfare Analysis Center
It provides functional network analysis to identify critical networks, nodes, and Influence Points within an adversary's infrastructure
What is DIA? Explain.
Defense Intelligence Agency -Updates in-garrison Orders of Battle, (Task Organization)
Within the DIA, what is ICTC? Explain.
It is the Defense Counter-terrorism Center- DoD focal point for global terrorism warning and assessment
Within the DIA, what is NCMI? Explain.
National Center for Medical Intelligence- develops casualty estimates for strikes against the facilities or collateral concerns related to the environmental hazards. (Casualty cutoff value)
What is NGA?
National Geospatial Intelligence Agency- it produces timely, tailored and accurate mapping, charting and geospatial products
What is NRO? Explain.
National Reconnaissance Office - it conducts engineering, development, acquisition and operation of space reconnaissance systems related to intelligence activities
What is NSA? Explain.
National Security Agency - expertise in all SIGINT and provides CCMD and J2 with Intel gains/losses assessments.
What is DTRA? Explain.
Defense Threat Reduction agency - its the focal point for analysis of weapons of mass destruction WMD related to target vulnerabilities
What are the Non-Department of Defense agencies?
CIA, FBI, Department of Energy, Department of State, Department of Treasury, Department of Homeland Security, Drug Enforcement Agency, US Coast Guard
Explain why End State and Commanders Objectives is the most important phase to a Targeteer.
- It's essential to determine the best targeting alternatives for a given situation.
- Determines priorities for targeting effort and provide damage criteria.
- Focuses intelligence collection, exploitations, and production efforts.
What is the definition of Center of Gravity (CoG)?
It's the source of power that provides moral or physical strength, freedom of action, or will to act
What are the three critical factors of CoG?
- Critical Capabilities
- Critical Vulnerabilities
- Critical Requirements
Define Commander's Intent.
Clear and concise expression of the operation's purpose and the desired military end state that supports mission command, provides focus to the staff, and helps subordinate and supporting commanders act to achieve the commander's desired results without further orders.
Defined End State.
The set of required conditions that defines the achievement of the commander's objectives
Clearly defined, decisive and attainable goal to which every operation is directed
The physical or behavioral state of a system that results from an action, set of actions or another effect
Define measures of effectiveness (MOEs).
Are we doing the right things?
Define measures of performance (MOPs).
Of the things we're doing, how are we doing them?
List the four Targeting principles and state the purpose of
- -Focused - achieving JFC objective
- -Effects based- produced specific effects (physical,functional or psychological
- -Interdisciplinary- OPS, INTEL, LOGISTICS
- -Systematic- effects achieved in a systematic manner
What are the 2 Categories of Targeting?
What are their scheduling methodology?
Deliberate - scheduled / on-call
Dynamic - unplanned / unanticipated
What is a HVT?
It is a target the enemy commander requires for the successful completion of the mission
What is a HPT?
High payoff target- loss to the enemy will significantly contribute to the success of the friendly forces course of action
What is a TST?
Time sensitive target - JFC validated target or target sets requiring immediate response because its highly lucrative, fleeting target of opportunity or poses a threat to friendly forces
Define No Strike List (NSL).
A list of objects or entities characterized as protected from the effects of military operations under international law or ROE.
Define Restricted Target List (RTL).
List of restricted targets nominated by elements of the joint forces and approved by the JFC and other higher entities.
Define Joint Target List (JTL).
A consolidate list of selected targets, upon which there are no restrictions placed, considered to have military significance to the JFC's operational Area
What is a Target Nomination List (TNL)?
A prioritized list of targets drawn for the JTL and nominated by the COCOM, agencies or the JFCs staff for inclusion on the Joint integrate prioritized target list (JIPTL)
What are the 6 phase of the Joint Targeting Cycle in order?
1. Endstate and Commanders objective
2. Target development and prioritization
3. Capabilities analysis
4. Commanders decision and force assignments
5. Mission planning and Force execution
What are the 4 key principles of the Law of War? (essay)
Note:Still a valid TGT
- Military Necessity - is it a legitimate objective? Will it
- ensue military advantage?
- Proportionate - address the safety of civilians and whether
- the target is worth the risk
- Unnecessary suffering - Forbids the employment of
- arms, projectiles or material calculated to cause unnecessary suffering
- Distinction - both sides will carry out operations only targeting
- military entities.
What are 2 out of 6 considerations for establishing a Joint Fires Element (JFE)?
- The Mission
- Operation's complexity
- Operation's duration
- Peacetime staffing levels
- Expertise of new Operations staff
- Joint Forces composition
Other than Monitor time sensitive targets operation for the J3, list 3 of the 9 roles and functions of the JFE.
- Coordinate the JFC's JIPTL development with the components
- Assist the JIOC in developing the HVT and HPT
- Deconflict and validate target nominations at the JFC level and higher
- Nominate targets based on the JTL, NSL and RTL
- Identify potential conflicts in the preparation for the JTCB
- Address intermediate targeting efforts to bridge gaps current and planned operations
- Coordinate Combat Assessments
- Coordinate, disseminate and manage theater FSCM and component submitted measures
What are the two major considerations for determining which branch of serves is designated as the Joint Forces Functional Component CDR? (JFACC / JFLCC)
Possesses the preponderances of forces
Has the ability to Command and Control those forces
What are the JFCs options for the JTCB Target oversight authority?
Establish JTCB and appoint Deputy JFC or COCOM as chairman
Delegate authority to a Deputy or subordinate Commander
Retain authority and Conduct with J3 assistance
Give an example of Center of Gravity.
-Adversary armored CORP - (CoG)
-Integrated air defense systems IADS (Critical capability)
-Network of Radars (Critical Vulnerabilities)
- -Network Radars (Critical Requirements)
What are the five parts to target taxonomy? in order...
- Target system
- Target system components
- Target elements
What are the 2 types of Adversary Target System?
- State Actors
- Non-state Actors
What are the 5 target entity types?
- Virtual targets
During Target Development, where are the targets recorded/stored?
Electronic Target Folder
What are the three stages of target development standards and their purposes?
- Basic Stage - provides unique identifiers
- Intermediate Stage - prepares a candidate target for vetting
- Advanced Stage - development facilitates target engagement
What are the four elements basic staging?
- Target ID
- Target location
- Target function
- Target significance
What are the five elements of intermediate staging?
- Target description
- Functional characteristics
- Target expectation statement
- Critical target elements
What is the difference between Significance Statement and Expectation Statement?
- Significance Statement focused on the value to the target system;
- Expectation Statement focuses not only on the target itself, but the effects of the TGT system
A part of the target development that assesses the accuracy of the supporting intelligence to targeting
Ensures all vetting targets meet the objectives and criteria in the commanders guidance and in compliance with LOW / ROE
What is a Target?
Any entity or object (person, place or thing) considered for possible engagement or other action
What is Targeting?
The process of selecting and prioritizing targets and matching a response to them, considering the operational requirements and capabilities