Sign110 Q03

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Author:
lazvertiigo
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279035
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Sign110 Q03
Updated:
2014-07-21 13:15:40
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sign110 ASL
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Study for Quiz 3; Sign 110 SCC
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  1. Where can we find organizations and agencies that help the hearing impaired?
    TDI Blue Book
  2. Heaviest concentration of Deaf organizations and agencies in the nation.
    Maryland and Washington D.C.
  3. Which website should you check first to find out more about the hearing impaired?
    Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center at Gallaudet University website
  4. A common misconception about deaf people.
    they can "read lips"
  5. Lipreading involves a high proportion of guesswork and...?
    "instant mental replay"
  6. The percentage of all spoken sounds that are visible on the lips.
    30%
  7. What is a more accurate term for "lip reading"?
    speechreading
  8. Speechreaders don't just look at the mouth; what else do they observe?
    entire face: eyes, eyebrows, changes in expression, shoulder shrugs, posture, gestures, any props the speaker is carrying, and their surroundings
  9. Term that defines what speechreaders observe to communicate with "hearing" people.
    associational cues
  10. Do you over enunciate or exaggerate your lips when communicating with a speechreader?
    No
  11. Do you shrug or walk away if the Deaf person cannot speechread?
    No, try to find a common ground like using pen and paper.
  12. Why don't deaf people like speech pathologists?
    The predecessors of Speech Pathology saw the Deaf as defective, so they categorized and dehumanized them through physical abuse during speech training. They claimed that Deaf culture was non-existent, or that deaf people would never amount to anything.
  13. Are ASL-Deaf people opposed to speech training?
    No, most believe that speech training is beneficial.
  14. What would a Deaf person want to see from a good speech pathologist?
    well-trained professionals with a good understanding of Deaf/Hearing communication issues, Deaf history, and insight into the Deaf mindset and human psychology in general, and most importantly honesty.
  15. What does oral-deaf advocate Ken Levinson call the personal preference of Deaf people who prefer not to vocalize, but try to accompany their PSE signing with speech?
    "comfort level"
  16. The Deaf community identifies several distinct groups as far as identification-by-communication-mode goes.  These labels refer to specific categorical signs, made on the cheeks or the throat.  What are the labels?
    Deaf, Deaf-Speech ("deaf" sign on the throat), HH-voice ("HH" made on the throat), ex-hearing, oral, and "hearing-in-the-head"
  17. Describe the label "Deaf".
    those who are born-deaf, hereditarily deaf, strong Deaf-cultural affiliation, may have relatively clear speech
  18. Describe the label "deaf-speech".
    Those who are born-deaf or early-deafened and have developed good speech skills, but who become ASL-fluent as young adults.
  19. Describe the label "HH-voice".
    • Those deafened in later childhood who have retained clear speech but who attended schools for the deaf after they become deaf, are ASL-fluent, and have joined the Deaf community.
    • Also, Hard-of-hearing persons from Deaf families who have a 60 dB or so hearing loss.
  20. Describe the label "ex-hearing".
    Progressively-deafened or late-deafened adults.
  21. Describe the label "oral".
    Deaf persons from hearing families who have oral/mainstream backgrounds and have learned sign language as young adults, but who aren't fluent signers.
  22. Describe the label "hearing-in-the-head".
    Strictly oral-deaf people who don't know how to sign, refuse to learn even the rudiments, and may have a political bias against the Deaf community.
  23. What do you call a deaf person who doesn't speak?  (not a joke btw)
    Deaf.
  24. What did hearing folks label persons who "could talk like a normal person" and those who didn't in the not-so-good old days?
    "deaf-mutes" or "deaf-and-dumb" = those who didn't speak
  25. What is the chance that a deaf child could develop intelligible speech?
    5%
  26. (T/F) Children who have a solid foundation in a visual language are more confident in their speech than those without.
    True
  27. (T/F) Developing "normal" intonation is a long, arduous task for a deaf child.
    True
  28. (T/F) If children learn to sign first, they'll never develop coherent speech, because signing interferes with speech development.
    False
  29. Is it OK to use the term "deaf-mute" in reference to a deaf person who can't talk?
    No, it's not an acceptable term.
  30. What is "mutism"?
    a medical or psychological condition--the inability or refusal to produce sounds
  31. Who began to abolish the term "mute" from "deaf-mute"?
    Oralists.  Later, the term "deaf-mute" became a symbolic act of defiance by deaf people to suppress oralism.
  32. What was the American School for the Deaf called before it changed its name to be "politically correct"?
    The Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons
  33. What was the original name of Gallaudet University before it changed its name to be "politically correct"?
    Columbia Institution for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind.  Then, after it was chartered, "National Deaf-Mute College"
  34. Why did the Deaf community refuse to believe that oralists were trying to abolish the term "mute"?
    Oralists tried to suppress sign language in favor of speech
  35. Who said:  "If oral magicians who yank educational rabbits out of silk hats and pearls of speech out of the mouths of those who have never heard, choke over it, why, bless 'em!"?
    Deaf leader George Veditz
  36. How widespread are the terms "deaf-and-dumb" and "deaf-mute"?
    They seem to be more common in England and Canada than the U.S.
  37. What term has the International Federation of the Hard of Hearing, the World Federation of the Deaf, NAD, and the Pennsylvania Society for the Advancement of the Deaf, have all agreed to abolish, and what term do they prefer?
    • Abolish: "hearing-impaired"
    • Prefer: "deaf/hard-of-hearing"
  38. Can "silent" be used as a euphemism for "deaf"?
    Yes (sparingly), although some don't find it accurate, because Deaf people can still make sounds like grunts, laughter, clicks, snorts, whoops, chuckles, and thumbs on media that is used as a signing base.
  39. What does the term "hearing-impaired" imply?
    Deaf people have broken or defective ears.
  40. Hearing people who prefer to call Deaf people "hearing-impaired" are usually what?
    Professionals in the audiological-rehabilitation field who take a narrow medical view of deaf people: that deafness is a deficiency that needs to be remedied with auditory devices, therapy, and implants.
  41. How were disabled people known as in the old Soviet Union?
    "defectives"

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