MTO

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MTO
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2014-07-17 06:18:50
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  1. What is displacement tonnage?
    The weight of the water displaced by a ship when she is afloat.
  2. What is displacement light?
    The weight of the ship excluding cargo, fuel, water, ballast, stores, passengers, crew, but with water in boilers to steaming level.
  3. What is dead weight tonnage?
    The actual maximum weight in tons of cargo, fuel, water, passengers and crew that a ship can carry.
  4. What is gross tonnage?
    The cubic capacity of such non-earning space.
  5. What is net tonnage?
    The volume of space available for earning.
  6. What is freeboard?
    From the water line to the deck line.
  7. What is draft?
    The distance from the lowest part of the ship (usually the keel) to the water line.
  8. What is length overall (OLA)?
    From the foremost to the aftmost parts of a ship.
  9. What is extreme beam?
    The distance across the widest part of a ship's structure.
  10. What is breadth?
    The distance across the hull.

    pronounced breadth (one syllable), not bread-th  ;)
  11. What is air draft?
    The distance from the water line to the highest fixed point of a ship.
  12. What is this symbol?
    Plimsoll mark
  13. What does SOLAS stand from?
    Safety Of Life At Sea.
  14. What does GMDSS stand for?
    Global Maritime Distress and Safety System.
  15. What does LES stand for?
    Land Earth Station.
  16. What area is New Zealand's GMDSS designated?
    A3.
  17. What does DSC stand for?
    Digital Selective Calling.
  18. What satellites does INMARSAT use
    4 operational satellites in geo-stationary orbit.
  19. What does SART stand for?
    Search And Rescue Transponder.
  20. What does EPIRB stand for?
    Electronic Positioning Indicating Radio Beacon.
  21. What is MMSI?
    A allocated unique 9 digit individual identification number (maritime mobile service identity).
  22. How do you get weather and navigational warnings?
    INMARSAT C.
  23. Name 10 New Zealand coast radio stations?
    • Kaitaia                                Chalmers
    • Whangarei                          Westport
    • Great Barrier Island             Greymouth
    • Auckland                            Fox
    • Plenty                                Fiordland
    • Runaway                            Bluff
    • Tolaga
    • Napier
    • Wairarapa
    • Taranaki
    • Wellington
    • Picton
    • Farewell
    • Kaikoura
    • Akaroa
  24. What is NCAGS?
    Naval Cooperation And Guidance for Shipping,
  25. How far does the territorial sea extend?
    12 mile limit.
  26. What does UNCOLS stand for?
    United Nations Convention Of the Law of the Sea.
  27. ATP-2 Edition C, Vol 1 is the NATO UNCLASSIFIED publication for:

    A) Naval Co-Operation for Shipping Manual
    B) Guide to Owners, Operators, Masters and Officers Manual
    C) Naval Guidance and Co-Ordination of Shipping Manual
    D) Naval Co-Operation and Guidance for Shipping Manual
    D) Naval Co-Operation and Guidance for Shipping Manual
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. NCAGS enhances and contributes primarily to the following effects:
    1. Commander’s freedom of manoeuvre.
    2. Commander’s decision-making process.
    3. Effective and efficient commitment and use of military assets.
    4. Nations’ economic well-being and international stability.
    5. Free flow of maritime trade in the area of operations (AOO).
    6. Merchant shipping’s confidence in military operations.

    A) Statements 1, 3 and 5.
    B) Statements 1, 3, 5 and 6.
    C) Statements 2 and 5.
    D) All Statements.
    D) All Statements.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What is meant by the AOO?

    A)  Area Of Operations.
    B)  Area Operations Overseas.
    C)  Area Operations Officer.
    D)  Area Operation Order.
    A)  Area Of Operations.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. When are operational commanders authorised to exercise measures of control over Merchant ships?

    A) Never.
    B) Only in specific circumstances.
    C) Only in specific circumstances, depending on flag-state decisions.
    D) Only when a state of conflict has been declared.
    C) Only in specific circumstances, depending on flag-state decisions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. In which Annex of NCAGS ATP-2 Edition C, Version 1, Volume 1 (May 2013) is the information regarding categorisation of Merchant ships found?

    A) Annex 4C.
    B) Annex 2A.
    C) Annex 3B.
    D) Annex 4D.
    B) Annex 2A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 6. What is the NSC and where is it located?

    A) Northern Shipping Centre – Aalborg,
    DENMARK.
    B) NATO Shipping Control - Brussels,
    BELGIUM.
    C) Northern NATO Shipping Centre - Paris, FRANCE.
    D) NATO Shipping Centre - Northwood, UNITED KINGDOM.
    D) NATO Shipping Centre - Northwood, UNITED KINGDOM.
  33. 7. What is meant by CIMIC?

    A) Civilian Interest in Military Intelligence Communication.
    B) Civil-Military Coordination.
    C) Civilian Military Communication.
    D) Civil-Military Cooperation.
    D) Civil-Military Cooperation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. What is AWNIS?

    A) Allied Worldwide Naval Information System.
    B) Allied Worldwide Navigational Information System.
    C) All World Navigational Intelligence System.
    D) Allied World Navies Intelligence System.
    B) Allied Worldwide Navigational Information System.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What is meant by MSA?

    A) Merchant Situational Awareness.
    B) Merchant Safety Administration.
    C) Maritime Safety Awareness.
    D) Maritime Situational Awareness.
    D) Maritime Situational Awareness.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Is the Master always responsible for the safe navigation of his/her ship?

    A) Not when a Pilot aboard.
    B) Not when operational commanders exercise control over merchant ships.
    C) Always, no matter what the circumstances.
    D) Not during NCAGS operations.
    C) Always, no matter what the circumstances.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. How many NCAGS Effects are there?

    A) 5
    B) 4
    C) 6
    D) 8
    C) 6
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What is meant by CRS?

    A) Crisis Response Shipping.
    B) Crisis Resolving System.
    C) Crisis Response System.
    D) Crisis Resupply Shipping.
    A) Crisis Response Shipping.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Who is responsible for operational planning and preparation, including NCAGS planning?

    A) Operational Commander.
    B)  Staff Officer NCAGS.
    C) MTO Briefing Officer.
    D) Commander MTO.
    A) Operational Commander.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What is meant by AOI?

    A) Area of Interdiction.
    B) Area of Invasion.
    C) Area of Involvement.
    D) Area of Interest.
    D) Area of Interest.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which paragraph describes the NCAGS
    Information Process?

    A) 0301
    B) 0402
    C) 0204
    D) 0405
    B) 0402

    Ref: APT 02, Volume 1, 0402,  Page 23
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of the following is as an example
    of an NCAGS analytical activity?

    A) Management of Fishing Vessels.
    B) Communication with deployed NCAGS elements.
    C) Vulnerability Assessment.
    D) Distribution of Form Alfa.
    C) Vulnerability Assessment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which Annex outlines the principal
    methods by which advice and guidance can be promulgated to merchant shipping?

    A) Annex 4C.
    B) Annex 4D.
    C) Annex 3A.
    D) Annex 1A.
    B) Annex 4D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. How many types of merchant ship
    management schemes can be used during NCAGS operations?

    A) 3
    B) 7
    C) 5
    D) 6
    C) 5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. What is a VRS?

    A) Vessel Representation Scheme.
    B) Vessel Reporting Scheme.
    C) Vessel Routing Scheme.
    D) Vessel Recording Scheme.
    B) Vessel Reporting Scheme.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which Format can be used for reporting of position and movement by merchant ships?

    A) Format Bravo.
    B) Both A and B.
    C) Format Alfa.
    D) Format Charlie.
    B) Both A and B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. What is the primary tool used to provide briefs to masters covering safety and security, route, etc.?

    A) Sailing Information.
    B) Sailing Orders.
    C) Sailing Format.
    D) Sailing Instructions.
    A) Sailing Information.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What does Appendix 4D-1 consist of?

    A) Sailing Information Outline.
    B) Sailing Instructions Outline.
    C) Sailing Format Outline.
    D) Sailing Orders Outline.
    A) Sailing Information Outline.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. What should be presented by the NCAGS Briefing Officer at the start of face-face briefings with ship masters?

    A) Letter of Introduction.
    B) Latest copy of Navy Today.
    C) Entrance vouchers for local tourist attractions.
    D) AOI Chart.
    A) Letter of Introduction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. How many Aides Memoires/Bridge Cards are
    included within Annex 4E (including Addendums)?

    A) 9
    B) 6
    C) 4
    D) 5
    A) 9
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. What is the RMP?

    A) Recognised Maritime Picture.
    B) Real Marine Picture.
    C) Recognised Military Picture.
    D) Recognised Merchant Picture.
    A) Recognised Maritime Picture.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. What is the full definition of NCAGS (not solely what the acronym stands for)?

    (long answer)

    Naval Cooperation and Guidance for Shipping is the provision of cooperation guidance, advise and assistance to merchant shipping in support of the commander’s mission and to enhance the safety and security of merchant ships.
  53. List 10 Merchant Shipping Civil Actors.
    • 1. International Maritime Organization
    • 2. International Chamber of Shipping
    • 3. International Shipping Federation
    • 4. Other International Shipping Associations
    • 5. Classification Societies
    • 6. Marine Insurance Organizations
    • 7. Insurance Technical Bodies
    • 8. Hydrographic Offices
    • 9. National Representative Bodies
    • 10. Government Departments
  54. What is the role of the SO NCAGS?
    As the officer who provides expertise and advice to the operational commander on NCZGS matters as they affect the planning and exercution of operations, SO NCAGS will oversee the NCAGS contribution to theOPP.
  55. 4.         Deployed
    NCAGS elements are directly responsible to the SO NCAGS. Name four tasks they
    are to undertake?
    • 1. Local coordination of merchant ships
    • 2. Local area information gathering concerning merchant shipping trade.
    • 3. Briefing of Masters
    • 4. Liasion with masters during merchant ships movements Support and/or control of group transits of merchant ships and convoys
  56. Automatic vessel reporting systems (such as AIS) may not provide comprehensive positional data for a variety of reasons.  Expand upon this point by providing three explanations.


    The availability of AIS data: Merchant ships operating in deep water may have AIS on but the transmission will not be picked up unless there is a receiver within the VHF range. Satellite or MPA coverage may be available to overcome this restricted coverage.

    • Non-Transmission: Masters are able to of
    • AIS if they feel transmission compromises the safety and security of their vessel.

    • Spoofing: AIS data may need to be authenticated before it can be fully relied
    • upon.
  57. What is one advantage of a vessel reporting scheme?
    It can be configured to exactly match operational requirements by asking for specific information over and above the standard ship details which will direct enhance situational awareness.
  58. What is one disadvantage of a vessel reporting scheme?
    • It’s discretionary: Merchant ships choose to participate or not; they are more likely to participate if there is direct benefit to them such as getting a comprehensive brief for reporting. When a VRS is voluntary it is
    • unlikely to provide a comprehensive picture.
  59. What sort of information is required to be collected for the successful planning and
    conduct of an operation?
    Friendly assets, neutrals, the adversary and the environment in order to build comprehensive situational awareness.
  60. Name the five types of merchant ship management schemes.
    • Deconfliction
    • Threat avoidance
    • Routing
    • Passage Coordination
    • Lead Through
  61. What is the threat in the AOO that creates a difference in definition between a Convoy and a Leadthrough?
    A Lead through would minimise the risk of merchant ships transiting through potential mined areas
  62. What are the differences between a Format Alfa and Format Bravo?
    Format Alfa is a single point of contact when a vessel reaches a reporting boundary or guideline. Format Bravo may be used for further reporting of position and movement by merchant ships (i.e.reporting at noon each day while in the reporting area).
  63. List five pieces of information an SI should include.
    • 1. Ship Name
    • 2. Flag
    • 3. Area or Route Covered
    • 4. International Call Sign
    • 5. Speed
    • 6. Final Destination
  64. Prior to a face-face briefing by an NCAGS Briefing Team to the merchant ship master,
    what five points need to be covered?
    • 1. Check personnel qualifications before
    • assigning duties
    • 2. Ensure personal are aware of legal and other polices regarding content of communication
    • 3. Understand for how long the audience is available
    • 4. Communicate how you may help the audience
    • 5. Ensure that personal are able to access ports and comply with safety and security requirements.
  65. What is the definition of a designated merchant ship?
    • A merchant ship with special status that
    • may give it priority over other ships for higher level naval cooperation and guidance for shipping activities and, when it is placed under the naval supervision of merchant ships, compels it to comply with military orders.

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