Hormones, Pituitary Gland 2

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Author:
pugsrule915
ID:
279062
Filename:
Hormones, Pituitary Gland 2
Updated:
2014-07-16 14:00:30
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Hormones Pituitary Gland
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Hormones, Pituitary Gland
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  1. posterolateral
    locate behind and at the side of a structure
  2. adenohypophysis (anterior pituitary)
    glandular tissue that manufactures and releases several hormones
  3. neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)
    composed if nerve fibers and releases neurohormones that it receives from the hypothalamus (storage until hormones released)
  4. hormones released by the neurohypophysis
    • anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)
    • oxytocin
  5. acromegaly
    chronic metabolic condition characterized by graduate marked enlargement and thickening of the bones of the face and jaw
  6. Adenohypophysis hormones
    • ACTH
    • FSH
    • GH
    • LH
    • prolactin
    • TSH
  7. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
    promotes secretion of some hormones by the adrenal cortex (especially cortisol)
  8. ACTH hyposecretion
    rare
  9. ACTH hypersecretion
    Cushing disease
  10. Follicle stimulating hormone
    • ovaries in females: stimulates egg production, increases secretion of estrogen
    • testes in males: stimulates sperm production
  11. FSH hyposecretion
    failure of sexual maturation
  12. FSH hypersecretion
    no known significant effects
  13. Growth hormone, somatotropin
    • stimulates somatic growth of bone, cartilage, liver, muscle and other tissue
    • increases the use of fats for energy
  14. GH hyposecretion
    Children: pituitary dwarfism

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