Preterite and Imperfect rules

Card Set Information

Author:
amandaadair10
ID:
279151
Filename:
Preterite and Imperfect rules
Updated:
2014-07-18 13:00:07
Tags:
Spanish Preterite imperfect SpanishGrammar
Folders:

Description:
preterite and imperfect grammar and rules
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user amandaadair10 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. preterite is used for
    actions in past seen as completed. tells specifically when action took place
  2. imperfect is used for
    past actions without definite beginning or definite end. tells in general when action took place
  3. preterite is used in what situations 1
    actions that can be viewed as single events
  4. preterite viewed in what situations 2
    actions that were repeated a specific number of times
  5. preterite used in situation 3
    actions that occurred during a specific time period
  6. preterite used in situation 4
    actions that were part of a chain of events
  7. preterite used in situation 5
    to state the beginning or end of an action
  8. imperfect is used in situation 1
    actions that were repeated habitually
  9. imperfect used in situation 2
    actions that "set the stage" for another past action
  10. imperfect used in situation 3
    telling time
  11. imperfect used in situation 4
    stating one's age
  12. imperfect used in situation 5
    mental states
  13. imperfect used in situation 6
    physical sensations
  14. imperfect used in situation 7
    to describe characteristics of people, things or conditions
  15. regular preterite verb form AR
    • é
    • aste
    • ó
    • amos
    • asteis
    • aron
  16. regular preterite verb form ER and IR
    • í
    • iste
    • imos
    • isteis
    • ieron
  17. regular imperfect verb forms AR
    • aba
    • abas
    • aba
    • ábamos
    • abais
    • aban
  18. regular imperfect verb forms ER and IR
    • ía
    • ías
    • ía
    • íamos
    • íais
    • ían
  19. irregular verbs in preterite
    • ser
    • ir
    • dar
    • hacer
    • decir
    • traer
    • ver
  20. ser and ir in preterite
    • fui
    • fuiste
    • fue
    • fuimos
    • fuisteis
    • fueron
  21. dar in preterite
    • di
    • diste
    • dio
    • dimos
    • disteis
    • dieron
  22. hacer in preterite
    • hice
    • hiciste
    • hizo
    • hicimos
    • hicisteis
    • hicieron
  23. decir in preterite
    • dije
    • dijiste
    • dijo
    • dijimos
    • dijisteis
    • dijeron
  24. traer in preterite
    • traje
    • trajiste
    • trajo
    • trajimos
    • trajisteis
    • trajeron
  25. ver in preterite
    • vi
    • viste
    • vio
    • vimos
    • visteis
    • vieron
  26. irregular verbs in imperfect
    • ser
    • ir
    • ver
  27. ser in imperfect
    • era
    • eras
    • era
    • éramos
    • erais
    • eran
  28. ir in imperfect
    • iba
    • ibas
    • iba
    • íbamos
    • ibais
    • iban
  29. ver in imperfect
    • veía
    • veías
    • veía
    • veíamos
    • veíais
    • veían
  30. stem changing -ar and -er verbs do what in preterite?
    conjugate just like other regular preterite verbs
  31. -ir verbs that change stem in present tense change what in preterite?
    • from infinitive, change e:i in third person, singular, and plural. all other forms do not change stem from infinitive
    • preterite: preferir el form is prefirió
    • ellos form preterite prefirieron
    • yo form is preferí (stem does not change as in present tense)
  32. -or verbs that change stem in present tense do what in preterite?
    • from infinitive, change o:u in third person, singular, and plural
    • dormir- el form in preterite durmió
    • ellos form in preterite durmieron
    • all other forms keep the o as in infinitive form: yo form dormí
  33. in preterite verbs that end in -gar
    change g to gu
  34. in preterite verbs that end in -car
    change c to qu
  35. in preterite verbs that end in -zar
    change z to c
  36. in preterite verbs that end in -aer -eer, -oír, -oer, and uir
    change ió to yó and ieron to yeron
  37. -ucir verbs in preterite
    • apply producir to these endings
    • je
    • jiste
    • jo
    • jimos
    • jisteis
    • jeron
  38. endings for irregular verbs in preterite that follow a pattern
    • e
    • iste
    • o
    • imos
    • isteis
    • ieron
  39. stem changing verbs that follow a pattern in preterite
    • andar
    • estar
    • tener
    • caber
    • haber
    • poder
    • poner
    • saber
    • hacer* has exceptions el/ella/usted hizo
    • querer
    • venir

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview