Adrenal glands, Pancreas, Pineal and Thymus glands, Ovaries and testes 1

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  1. -gen, -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  2. -pexy
    surgical fixation
  3. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
  4. suprarenal
    above or superior to a kidney
  5. adrenomegaly
    enlargement of the adrenal glands
  6. adrenalectomy
    excision of an adrenal gland
  7. adrenal cortex hormones
    • glucocorticoids
    • mineralocorticoids
    • sex hormones
  8. glucocorticoids (mainly cortisol)
    • body cells: promotes gluconeogenesis
    • regulates metabolism of carbs, proteins, and fats
    • helps depress inflammatory and immune responses
  9. glucocorticoids hyposecretion
    Addison disease
  10. glucocorticoids hypersecretion
    Cushing syndrome
  11. mineralocorticoids (mainly aldosterone)
    kidneys: increase blood levels of Na and decrease blood levels of K in the kidneys
  12. mineralocorticoids hyposecretion
    Addison disease
  13. mineralocorticoids hypersecretion
    aldosteronism
  14. Sex hormones
    • any of the androgens, estrogens, or related steroid hormones
    • produced by the ovaries, testes and adrenal cortices
    • in females: possibly responsible for female libido and source of estrogen after menopause (otherwise, effects in adults are insignificant)
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Adrenal glands, Pancreas, Pineal and Thymus glands, Ovaries and testes 1
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Adrenal glands, Pancreas, Pineal and Thymus glands
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