Adrenal glands, Pancreas, Pineal and Thymus glands, Ovaries and testes 2

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Author:
pugsrule915
ID:
279156
Filename:
Adrenal glands, Pancreas, Pineal and Thymus glands, Ovaries and testes 2
Updated:
2014-07-18 14:00:32
Tags:
Adrenal glands Pancreas Pineal Thymus
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Adrenal glands, Pancreas, Pineal and Thymus glands
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  1. hypersecretion of adrenal androgens in females
    virilism (development of male characteristics)
  2. hypersecretion of adrenal estrogen and progestin in males
    feminization (development of feminine characteristics)
  3. hyposecretion
    no known significant effects
  4. Adrenal medullary hormones
    • epinephrine (adrenaline)
    • norepinephrine
  5. Epinephrine, norepinephrine
    • sympathetic nervous system target organs: hormone effects mimic sympathetic nervous system activation (sympathomimetic)
    • increase metabolic rate and HR
    • raise BP by promoting vasoconstriction
  6. Epinephrine, norepinephrine hyposecretion
    no known significant disorders
  7. Epinephrine, norepinephrine hypersecretion
    prolonged “fight-or-flight” reaction and hypertension
  8. islets of Langerhans
    • hormone producing cells of the pancreas
    • produces alpha and beta cells
  9. alpha cells
    • produce glucagons
    • play important role in proper metabolism of sugar and starches in the body
  10. beta cells
    • produce insulin
    • play important role in proper metabolism of sugar and starches in the body
  11. pancreatoma
    tumor of the pancreas
  12. pancreatolith
    calculus or stone in the pancreas
  13. pancreatolithiasis
    abnormal condition of a pancreatic stone
  14. pancreatopathy
    disease of the pancreas

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