Lab 2 Blood, Blood Vessels, WBC, Heart

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  1. Vessels which carry blood away from the heart
  2. vessels which carry blood toward the heart
  3. tiny blood vessels with walls that are only one cells thick
  4. thick wall that divides the heart into two sides
  5. upper chambers of the heart that receive blood
  6. lower chambers of the heart that pump blood out of the heart
  7. valve between right atrium and right ventricle
  8. valve between left atrium and left ventricle
    bicuspid (mitral) valve
  9. valves found between the ventricles and blood vessels
  10. membrane around the heart
  11. the only artery in the body rich in carbon dioxide
    pulmonary artery
  12. the only vein in the body rich in oxygen
    pulmonary vein
  13. iron-containing molecule in red blood cells
  14. white blood cells which produce antibodies
  15. liquid part of the blood
  16. returns tissue fluid to the blood
    lymphatic system
  17. cell fragments involved in clotting
  18. foreign molecules in the body
  19. cancer of the bone marrow
  20. condition in which the blood cannot carry sufficient oxygen
  21. strands of protein involved in clotting
  22. react with antigens and inactivates them
  23. Cells with no nucleus when mature, containing hemoglobin, an iron containing pigmant that helps carry gases.
  24. Cells which transport gasses (oxygen and carbon dioxide), biconcave disk
  25. Two major groups of leukocytes
    • granulocytes
    • agranulocytes
  26. 3 types of granulocytes
    • neutrophil
    • basophil
    • eosinophil
  27. WBC with granules in cytoplasm and lobed nuclei
  28. Has 2 to 5 segmented (lobed) nucleus, with cytoplasmic granules, stains light purple
  29. Aids in general immune response, first to arrive at the site of infection or injury, phagocytize bacteria
  30. With a lobed nucleus and a large amount of granules, stains blue-purple
  31. Associated with hypersensitivity and allergic responses, releases histamine and contains heparin
  32. Has a bilobed nucleus and some cytoplasmic granules which stain red
  33. Associated with parasitic infestations, reduces inflammation
  34. WBC without cytoplasmic granules or lobed nuclei
  35. About the size of a RBC, nucleus almost fills up the entire cell, pale blue cytoplasm
  36. Develops into cells essential to immunity, produces antibodies
  37. Kidney-shaped or U-shaped nucleus, gray-blue cytoplasm
  38. Can phagocytize foreign particles, develops into macrophages in tissues
  39. Largest WBC
  40. Most numerous WBC
  41. Least common WBC
  42. Largest granulocyte
  43. WBC important in blood clotting
  44. Discoid cytoplasmic fragments containing granules, stains deep purple
  45. Instrument commonly referred to as a blood pressure cuff
  46. Pressure produced at the peak of ventricular contraction
    systolic pressure
  47. Pressure during ventricular relaxation
    diastolic pressure
  48. Double-layered membranes that cover the heart
    • parietal and visceral pericardia
    • parietal membrane is superficial to the visceral membrane
  49. Consists of an outer fibrous bag, the fibrous pericardium that surrounds the double-layered parietal and visceral membrane
    pericardial sac
  50. The potential space between the parietal and visceral membranes which contains a serous fluid
    pericardial cavity
  51. Inner layer of the heart wall
  52. Middle layer of the heart wall; composed of cardiac muscle
  53. Outside layer of the heart
  54. Ridges on the internal surface of the ventricles
    trabeculae carneae
  55. Ridges in the auricles of the atria
    musculi pectinati
  56. Slight depression found where the atria meet. This is a remnant of a passageway called the foramen ovale which is present during fetal circulation
    fossa ovalis
  57. Composed of three flaps, located between the right atrium and right ventricle
  58. Composed of two flaps located between the left atrium and left ventricle
    bicuspid (mitral) valve
  59. Half-moon shaped valves found at the base of the pulmonary artery
    pulmonary semilunar valve
  60. Half-moon shaped valve located at the base of the aorta
    aortic semilunar valve
  61. Remnant of the ductus arteriousus which functioned during fetal circulation. In an adult heart this extends from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta
    ligamentum arteriosum
  62. Blood returns to the heart from the head, neck and arms through this
    superior vena cava
  63. Blood from the legs, abdomen and thorax enters the heart though this
    inferior vena cava
  64. Veins that empty the blood into the right atrium
    • superior vena cava
    • inferior vena cava
  65. Carries blood throughout the body
    blood vessels
  66. Carry blood away from the heart
  67. Smaller arteries that branch into capillaries
  68. Thin walled, these allow for exchange of nutrients and wastes between the blood and tissues
  69. Formed when capillaries unite
  70. Collect blood from the capillaries and transport it to veins
  71. Function to carry the blood back to the heart
  72. What are the four possible human blood types?
    • A
    • B
    • AB
    • O
  73. Which artery is used to determine blood pressure?
  74. Why is monitoring one's blood pressure considered a major health concern?
    The increased incidence of heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure
  75. What is the medical name for a pressure cuff?
  76. What are the three types of granulocytes?
    • Neutrophil
    • basophil
    • eosinophil
  77. What are the two types of agranulocytes?
    • Lymphocyte
    • monocyte
  78. What is the proper medical term for a red blood cell?
  79. What is the proper medical term for a platelet?
  80. What is the proper medical term for a white blood cell?
  81. Initiates blood clotting
  82. Are pigmented by hemoglobin
    red blood cells
  83. Oxygen is transported in blood most effeciently by
    combining with the respiratory pigment hemoglobin
  84. A component of hemoglobin, a component of RBC, combines with oxygen
  85. Which of the white blood cells are found in abundance in persons with parasitic worm infection?
  86. Which of the white blood cells possess a kidney bean-shaped nucleus?
  87. The most numerous leukocyte?
  88. The protein located on the surface of a red blood cell which determines blood type
  89. A person with type B blood can receive blood from which blood types?
    B and O
  90. A universal donor can give blood to every other blood type as well as its own type. Which blood type is referred to as the universal donor?
  91. Which blood type is referred to as the universal recipient?
  92. What typically represents a normal blood pressure?
  93. The pressure exerted by the ventricular contraction of the heart is depicted by what?
    Systolic pressure
  94. What is the importance of inflating the cuff to a higher pressure than systolic pressure?
    To stop the flow of blood through the brachial artery
  95. The instrument that is used to measure human blood pressure
  96. What is the loose-fitting membranous sac surrounding the heart composed of?
    • Parietal pericardium
    • visceral pericardium
  97. What is the correct sequence of blood passing from the venae cavae to the lungs?
    Right atrium, tricuspid valve, right ventricle, pulmonary valve
  98. Which chamber of the heart receives blood from the lungs?
    Left atrium
  99. Which chamber of the heart pumps oxygenated blood through the aorta?
    Left ventricle
  100. Which valve is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle?
    Bicuspid (mitral) valve
  101. The slight depression located in the atrial septum that is the remnant of a passageway used during fetal circulation
    fossa ovalis
  102. Papillary muscles would be found closes to what layer of the heart?
  103. Detoxifies the blood, phagocytocizes the blood, and regulates nutrient levels in the blood
    hepatic portal system
  104. The blood vessel that supplies blood to the heart tissue
    coronary artery
  105. Serves to lubricate, reduce friction, and reduce wear and tear in the pericardial cavity
    serous fluid
  106. In an adult heart, the ductus arteriosis becomes what?
    Ligamentum arteriosum
  107. Which artery carries blood high in carbon dioxide?
  108. In human hearts, semilunar valves regulate the flow of blood where?
    Into the arteries associated with the heart
  109. Regulate the flow of blood into the arteries associated with the heart
    semilunar valves
  110. In tracing the pathway of blood from the right side to the left side of the heart, one must mention what?
  111. In humans, the superior vena cava carries blood where?
    Right atrium
  112. Oxygenated blood enters which chamber of the heart?
    Left atrium
  113. The aorta carries blood out of the what?
    Left ventricle
  114. The ridges in the auricle of the atria are called what?
    Musculi pectinati
  115. The two arteries that arise from the aortic arch
    • brachocephalic artery
    • left subclavian artery
  116. The artery giving rise to the carotid arteries and the right subclavian artery
    brachiocephalic artery
  117. Which veins drain the head?
    Left/right jugular veins
  118. The merger of these two veins forms the left brachiocephalic vein
    • left jugular vein
    • left subclavian vein
  119. Which two arteries supply the digestive organs?
    • Celiac artery
    • superior mesenteric artery
  120. Which veins drain the kidneys?
    Renal veins
  121. Which arteries supply the kidneys?
    Renal arteries
  122. Which two major veins merge to form the superior vena cava?
    Right/left brachiocephalic vein
  123. Which arteries carry blood through the neck and to the head?
    Left/right common carotid artery
  124. The right and left femoral arteries arise from which arteries?
    Left/right external iliac artery
Card Set:
Lab 2 Blood, Blood Vessels, WBC, Heart
2014-07-18 19:58:53
Anatomy Physiology ICC Davis blood bloodvessels WBC heart
A&P 2
Lab 2 on Blood, Blood Vessels, WBC, Heart ICC:Davis
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