systemic pathology nbeo.txt
Card Set Information
systemic pathology nbeo.txt
systemic pathology nbeo optometry
systemic pathology nbeo
What is the immediate response 1-2 minutes after injury?
What do leukocytes do?
Help clear the injury site of invading bacteria
What inflammatory cells are mononuclear?
What events affect wound healing?
Decreased blood supply such as in diabetes
What is a type I hypersensitivity reaction
What immuno cells are involved with Type 1 hypersensitivity reactions?
What happens on a cellular level during a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction?
Histamine is released from mast cells and basophils
What are examples of type 1 hypersensitivity reactions?
What is the name for type 2 hypersensitivity reactions?
What immuno cells are involved with type 2 hypersensitivity reactions?
What happens on a cellular level during a type 2 hypersensitivity reaction?
Antigens are bound by IgM/G
What are some examples of type 2 hypersensitivity reaction?
Ocular cicatrical pemphigoid
What is the name for type 3 hypersensitivity reactions?
What immuno cells are involved in type 3 hypersensitivity reactions?
What are some examples of type 3 hypersensitivity reaction?
What is the name for type 4 hypersensitivity reactions?
What immuno cells are involved in type 4 hypersensitivity reactions?
What are some examples of type 4 hypersensitivity reactions?
TB skin test
Corneal transplant rejection
Affects skin, kidneys, joints and heart
Mostly in females 20s-30s
What are the S&S in lupus?
What lab test should be run to determine lupus?
Affects joints mostly, destruction of articular cartilage
Symptoms are worse in the morning
Women >men 40s-50s
Life expectancy is reduced by 4-10 years
Summarize Juvenile RA:
Most common cause of uveitis in children
Bilateral, nongranulomatous anterior uveitis
What is the triad of sjogren's syndrome?
What ocular manifestation can be seen with gout?
What demographic is more likely to have celiac sprue?
Northern European decent
What test should be performed for sarcoidosis?
Bells palsy testing
Increased levels of ACE in blood serum
What are ocular signs of sarcoidosis?
Anterior uveitis - Mutton-fat KP
Posterior uveitis - candle-wax drippings
What does deficiency of IgA cause?
Most common immunodeficiency
Involved in mucosal defenses
Recurrent respiratory tract infections
Keratinization of the cornea
Weight loss and diarrhea
What do you need to know about IgA?
Found in tears, saliva, breast milk
What do you need to know about IgD?
Activates B cells, mast cells, basophils
What do you need to know about IgE?
Type 1 hypersensitivity reactions
Surface of mast cells
What do you need to know about IgG?
Crosses placental barrier
What do you need to know about IgM
Surface of immature B cells
ABO blood type
At what CD4 count does HIV become AIDS?
What CD4 count is associated with cytomegalovirus retinitis?
What are common opportunistic fungal infections occur with HIV/AIDS?
What are common opportunistic bacterial infections occur with HIV/AIDS?
What are common opportunistic viral infections occur with HIV/AIDS?