systemic pathology nbeo2.txt

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cjensen20
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279259
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systemic pathology nbeo2.txt
Updated:
2015-02-24 15:23:12
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systemic pathology nbeo2
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systemic pathology nbeo2
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  1. What is the triad of congenital syphilis?
    • Hutchinson's teeth
    • Saddle-nose bridge
    • Deafness
  2. What is the most common form of skin cancer?
    Basal cell carcinoma
  3. What is the 2nd most common form of skin cancer?
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  4. What are oncogenes?
    Tumor suppressor genes
  5. What is the most common cancer of young women?
    Malignant melanoma
  6. What are the ABCDE's of malignant melanoma?
    • Asymmetry
    • Border irregularity
    • Color differences
    • Large diameter
    • Enlarging size
  7. What type of cancer is shiny, pearl-like?
    BCC
  8. What is rodent ulcer?
    BCC
  9. What is the most common primary malignant brain tumor?
    Glioblastoma multiforme
  10. What is a macule?
    Flat area with change of color smaller than 1cm
  11. What is a papule?
    Elevated lesion less than 1cm
  12. What is a patch?
    Flat irregular macule bigger than 1cm
  13. What is a plaque?
    Elevated, rough, firm lesions greater than 1cm
  14. What is a nodule?
    Elevated firm lesion 1-2cm
  15. What is the difference between a hemorrhage and a hematoma?
    Both are leakages of blood vessel, but hemorrhage is outside of tissue, and hematoma is inside
  16. What is the difference between thrombosis and embolus?
    Both are blood clots but a thrombosis is stationary, and an embolus is not
  17. What are roth spots?
    Seen in endocarditis or leukemia
  18. What is the tx for chlamydia
    • Azithromycin
    • Doxycycline
  19. What gram stain is required to identify HSV?
    Wright-gram stain
  20. During pregnancy, at what time period is down's syndrome screened for?
    15-18 weeks
  21. During pregnancy, at what time period is diabetes screened for?
    26-28 weeks

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