Endocrine Nervous Diseases and Conditions 2

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Endocrine Nervous Diseases and Conditions 2
2014-07-23 17:43:13
Endocrine Nervous Diseases Conditions

Endocrine, Nervous Diseases and Conditions
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  1. pheochromocytoma
    • small chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla
    • rare adrenal gland tumor that causes excessive release of epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (hormones that regulate HR and BP) and induce severe BP elevation
  2. Alzheimer disease
    • brain disorder marked by deterioration of mental capacity (dementia) that begins in middle age and leads to total disability and death
    • Chronic, organic mental disorder that is progressive form of presentable dementia caused by atrophy of the frontal and occipital lobes of the brain
  3. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig disease
    degenerative disorder in which the progressive loss of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem leads to muscle weakness and paralysis
  4. epilepsy
    neurological disorder in which the nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed causing a seizure, including loss of consciousness
  5. Huntington chorea
    hereditary nervous disorder caused by the progressive loss of brain cells, leading to bizarre, involuntary, dancelike movements
  6. multiple sclerosis (MS)
    progressive degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized by inflammation, hardening, and loss of myelin throughout the spinal cord and brain, which produces weakness and other muscle symptoms
  7. neuroblastoma
    malignant tumor composed principally of cells resembling neuroblasts
  8. palsy
    partial or complete loss of motor function
  9. Bell palsy
    facial paralysis on one side of the face because of inflammation of a facial nerve (cranial nerve VII), most likely caused by a viral infection
  10. cerebral palsy (CP)
    bilateral, symmetrical, nonprogressive motor dysfunction and partial paralysis, which is usually caused by damage to the cerebrum during gestation of birth trauma but can also be hereditary
  11. paralysis
    loss of voluntary motion due to an inability to contract one or more muscles
  12. paraplegia
    paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs
  13. quadriplegia
    paralysis of all four extremities and, usually, the trunk
  14. Parkinson disease
    progressive, degenerative neurological disorder affecting the part of the brain responsible for controlling movement