Diagnostic Medical and Surgical Procedures

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Author:
pugsrule915
ID:
279444
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Diagnostic Medical and Surgical Procedures
Updated:
2014-07-23 17:50:26
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Diagnostic Medical Surgical Procedures
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Diagnostic, Medical and Surgical Procedures
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  1. fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting blood sugar (FBS)
    test that measures glucose levels in the blood after the patient has fasted for at least 8 hours
  2. glucose tolerance test (GTT), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
    Screening test in which a patient fasts for 8 to 12 hours, ingests glucose, and then undergoes blood draws to determine how quickly the glucose is cleared from the blood
  3. radioactive iodine uptake test (RAIU)
    imaging procedure that measures levels of radioactivity in the thyroid after oral or IV administration of radioactive iodine
  4. cerebrospinal fluid analysis
    laboratory test in which CSF obtained from a lumbar puncture is evaluated macroscopically for clarity and color, microscopically for cells, and chemically for proteins and other substances
  5. electroencephalography
    diagnostic procedure in which electrodes on the scalp record patterns of electrical activity within the brain
  6. lumbar puncture (LP), spinal tap, spinal puncture
    insertion of a needle into the subarachnoid space of the spinal column at the level of the fourth intervertebral space to withdraw CSF in order to perform various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures
  7. magnetoencephalography (MEG)
    noninvasive functional imaging technique in which magnetic forces associated with the electrical activity of the brain are recorded externally on the scalp
  8. magnetic resonance imaging
    radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images of the body
  9. positron emission tomography
    radiographic technique that combines computed tomography with radiopharmaceuticals to produce a cross sectional (transverse) image of the dispersement of radioactivity (through emission of positrons) in a section of the body, revealing areas where the radiopharmeutical is metabolized and where metabolism is deficient
  10. transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
    • surgical procedure to remove a pituitary tumor
    • minimally invasive endoscopic surgery that removes pituitary tumors through the nasal cavity via the sphenoid sinus (transsphenoidal) without affecting brain tissue
  11. craniotomy
    surgical procedure that creates an opening in the skull to gain access to the brain during neurosurgical procedures
  12. thalamotomy
    partial destruction of the thalamus to treat psychosis, intractable pain, or involuntary movements including tremors in Parkinson disease
  13. trephination
    excision of a circular disk of bone using a specialized saw called a trephine to reveal brain tissue during neurosurgery or to relieve intracranial pressure

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