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A systematic approach to the mental process used by aircraft pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances
Aeronautical Decision Making
Anything that can cause mission degradation, injury, illness, death to personnel or damage to or loss of equipment or property
Probability and severity of loss from exposure to the hazard
List the five hazardous attitudes
"Don't tell me." "No one can tell me what to do."
"Do it quickly"
"It won't happen to me."
"I can do it." Pilots who try to prove themselves to others.
"What's the use?"
Decision-making process to systematically evaluate possible courses of action, identify risks and benefits, and determine the best COA for any given situation.
Stages of risk management
- Develop Controls and Make Decisions
- Implement Controls
- Supervise and Evaluate
The effective use of all available resources; Combined effort to identify and manage the conditions that lead to error
Crew Resource Management
Any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle, or person
Includes pre-mission analysis and planning, briefing, ongoing mission evaluation, and post-mission debrief
Primary focus of CRM training
Number one cause reported on all human performance related mishaps
Loss of SA
Recovering from loss of SA
- Aviate - Terrain Clearance Task
- Navigate - Mission Critical Task
- Communicate - Non-Critical Task
Transfer of Aircraft control
- "You have the aircraft"
- "I have the aircraft"
- Shake the control stick
Sharing of information with other to cause action
Logic based, common sense approach to decision making based on human, material and environmental factors.
Risk Management/Decision Making
Continuous perception of self and aircraft in relation to the dynamic environment of flight, threats, and mission and the ability to forecast and then execute tasks based on that perception
Situational Awareness (SA)
Ability to establish priorities and alter a course of action based on new information
Task Management (Adaptability/Flexibility)
Coordination between members of the crew to accomplish the tasks of the mission
3 areas of risk management at Doss
- Environment - weather
- Mission Factors - currency and training of IP and SP
- Human Factors - physical and mental preparedness
How much time should be spent looking out of the aircraft?
Most common way to clear an area
2 90 degree turns in opposite direction