Medical Terminology/ Basics for Radiology

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st1114gt
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279504
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Medical Terminology/ Basics for Radiology
Updated:
2014-07-23 22:51:57
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Medical Terminology Radiology
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Most Common Med Terms used in Radiology Note: These are some ground-basics to start of with; however, a much broader knowledge in Med Term is needed to be pass accreditation exams and be successful in the field of Radiology)
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. -oma
    tumor, mass
  3. arthr/o
    joint
  4. bi/o
    life
  5. -itis
    inflammation
  6. -logy
    study of
  7. -opsy
    (biopsy)
    • - process of viewing
    • (living tissue is removed and viewed under a microscope)
  8. carcin/o
    (carcinoma)
    • cancer, cancerous
    • (cancerous tumor)
  9. cardi/o
    heart
  10. cephal/o
    (cephalic)
    • head
    • (pertaining to head)
  11. -ic
    pertaining to
  12. cerebr/o
    (cerebral)
    • cerebrum, largest part of the brain
    • (pertaining to the cerebrum)
  13. -al
    pertaining to
  14. the cerebrum and its functions
  15. vascular
    pertaining to blood vessels
  16. cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
    • Stroke
    • Blood is prevented from reaching areas of the cerebrum. depending on the location and extent of the reduced blood flow, signs and symptoms may include loss of movement (paralysis), loss of speech (aphasia), weakness and changes in sensation
  17. aphasia
    loss of speech
  18. paralysis
    loss of movement
  19. cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  20. -scope
    instrument to visually examine
  21. cystoscopy
    a test that allows your doctor to look at the interior lining of the bladder and the urethra.
  22. Male Cystoscopy
  23. The male urinary tract
  24. cyt/o
    cyte
    cell
  25. derm/o
    dermat/o
    skin
  26. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin
  27. electr/o
    electricity
  28. electrocardiogram (ECG)
    (EKG is an older abreviation)
    the recording of the electrical activity of the heart.
  29. -gram
    a record
  30. location of small and large intestine in the abdominal cavity
  31. encephal/o
    brain
  32. electrocephalogram (EEG)
    the recording of electrical activity along the scalp. The record is helpful in determining whether a patient has a seizure disorder, such as epilepsy.
  33. enter/o
    • intestines
    • often the small intestine
  34. col/o
    colon/o
    combining forms for the large intestine (colon)
  35. erythrocytes
    • red blood cells (carry O2)
  36. leukocytes
    • White blood cells (WBCs) (Five different types), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system.
  37. thrombocytes
    also called platelets

    • are blood cells whose function (along with the coagulation factors) is to stop bleeding.
  38. gastr/o
    stomach
  39. gnos/o
    knowledge
  40. diagnosis
    • the complete knowledge gained after testing and examining the patient.
    • plural- diagnoses
    • dia- complete
    • -sis- state of
  41. plurals for words ending in A
    vertebra
    bursa
    • retain the A and add E
    • vertebrae
    • bursae
  42. plurals for words ending in IS
    diagnosis
    psychosis
    • drop the IS and add ES
    • diagnoses
    • psychoses
  43. plurals for words ending in EX or IX
    apex
    cortex
    varix
    • drop the EX or IX and replace with ICES
    • apices
    • cotices
    • varices
  44. plural for words ending in ON
    ganglion
    • drop the ON and add A
    • ganglia
  45. plurals for words ending in UM
    bacterium
    ovium
    • drop the UM and add A
    • bacteria
    • ovia
  46. plurals for words ending in US
    bronchus
    calculus
    • drop the US and add I
    • bronchi
    • calculi
  47. vertebra/e
    backbone/s
  48. bursa/e
    Sac/of fluid near a joint
  49. psychose/s
    abnormal condition/s of the mind
  50. apex/apices
    pointed end/s of organs
  51. cortex/cortices
    outer part/s of organs
  52. varix/varices
    enlarged, swollen veins
  53. ganglion/ganglia
    group/s of nerve cells; benign cysts near joint (such as wrist)
  54. bacterium/bacteria
    type of one-celled organism/s
  55. ovum/ova
    egg cells
  56. bronchus/bronchi
    tubes leading from the windpipe to the lungs
  57. calculus/calculi
    stones
  58. gynec/o
    woman, female
  59. gynecology
    • the study of
    • involves both surgical and internal medicine expertise and it is often practiced with care of pregnant women and delivery of fetus
  60. gynecologist
    specializes in diseases of female reproductive organs
  61. hematoma
    a mass of blood trapped in tissue of the skin or in an organ. it often results from trauma
  62. sub-
    under
  63. ungu/o
    nail
  64. subungual hematoma
    collection of blood under a nail
  65. lapar/o
    abdomin/o
    • abdomen
    • (area b/w the chest and hip)
  66. -tomy
    cutting into
  67. leuk/o
    white
  68. nephr/o
    ren/o
    kidney
  69. -ectomy
    excision
    resection
    cutting out
  70. neur/o
    nerve
  71. onc/o
    tumor
  72. -ist
    a specialist
  73. ophthalm/o
    eye
  74. ophthalomoscope
    an instrument allowing and ophthalmologist to view the outer and inner areas of the eye
  75. oste/o
    bone
  76. Osteoarthritis
    • Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder, which is due to aging and wear and tear on a joint.
  77. path/o
    disease
  78. pathologist
    a medical doctor who views biopsy samples to make a diagnosis and examines dead bodies (in an autopsy) to determine cause of death.
  79. -opsy
    the process of viewing
  80. psych/o
    mind
  81. -osis
    abnormal condition
  82. psychosis
    A serious mental condition in which the patient looses touch with reality.
  83. hallucinations vs. delusions
    unreal sensory receptions, such as hearing voices when none present vs. fixed false believes that can't be changed by logical reasoning
  84. rhin/o
    nose
  85. sarc/o
    flesh
  86. sarcomas and carcinomas
    • cancerous tumors.
    • Sarcomas grow from the fleshy tissues of the body, such as muscle, fat, bone, and cartilage.
    • Carcinomas arise from skin tissue and lining of internal organs.
  87. thromb/o
    clotting
  88. a medical examiner (M.E.) vs. a coroner
    a pathologist who specializes in forensic(Legal) medicine related to criminal issues vs. a coroner is an elected official who investigates any suspicious death. a coroner may or may not be a M.E.
  89. -algia
    pain
  90. -emia
    a blood condition
  91. leukemia
    large number of immature, cancerous cells are found in the blood stream and bone marrow
  92. bone marrow
    inner part of bone that produces blood cells
  93. -globin
    protein
  94. arthrogram
    and x-ray record of a joint
  95. -ia
    condition
  96. -ism
    condition, process
  97. hyper-
    excessive
  98. start page 16

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