JTS Capabilities

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RustyHurley
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279505
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JTS Capabilities
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2014-07-28 19:10:47
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JTS Capabilities
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JTS Capabilities
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  1. State the steps of JTS and describe each step.
    • Commanders Objectives End State- What is our goal?
    • TGT development and prioritization- What TGTs achieve desired effects and objectives
    • Capabilities Analysis- Determine the best means to engage TGT
    • CMDRs decision and Force Assignment- CMDRs Approval
    • Mission Planning and Force Execution- Component targeting and engagements
    • Assessment- Are we accomplishing our tasks?
  2. Define Weaponeering.
    The process of determining the quantity of a specific type of lethal or non-lethal means required to create a specific effect on a given target,
  3. Give 4  of 5 reason why we weaponeer.
    • Use only the amount of force necessary
    • Use enough force to achieve the mission
    • Determine most effective use of resources
    • Have option available to mitigate risk
    • Have options to deal with contingencies
  4. Define Offensive Counter-air (OCA).
    Offensive operation to destroy, disrupt or neutralize enemy aircraft, missiles, launch platforms and their supporting structures and system both before and after launch, but as close to their source as possible.
  5. Define Defensive Counter-air (DCA).
    All defensive measures designed to neutralize or destroy enemy forces attempting to penetrate or attack through friendly airspace
  6. Define Air Interdiction (AI).
    Air operations conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy's military surface capabilities before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces.
  7. What is the difference (relationship) between Air Interdiction (AI) and Offensive Counter-Air (OCA).
    AI focuses primarily on surface threat against friendly forces and OCA focuses on the air threats to friendly forces
  8. What do you think of when you determine Surface-to-Surface PGM as an escalation show of force?
    • M982 Excalibur- Least amount of Collateral Damage
    • GMLRS- Bigger Boom
    • ATACMS- Deeper Strike
  9. What kind of shell / fuse combination would be used if I was targeting "personnel, light skinned vehicles?"
    High Explosive (HE)
  10. What kind of shell / fuse combination would be used if I was targeting " high kill probability on precision TGTs, reduces collateral damage at 40KM?"
    Excalibur (EXCAL)
  11. What kind of shell / fuse combination would be used if I was targeting " high kill probability on precision TGTs, reduces collateral damage at 70+KM?"
    GMLRS
  12. What kind of shell / fuse combination would be used if I was targeting "personnel, light skinned vehicles, radars C2 sites, etc at 270 - 300KM"
    ATACMS
  13. Choose the best asset / munition for each:

    Large SAM site including launchers, radars, personnel and control vans.
    GMLRS
  14. Choose the best asset / munition for each:

    4) Single HVAC unit on the 2nd floor of a 4-story dual use telecommunications building.
    TLAMS
  15. Choose the best asset / munition for each:

    Predator tracks an insurgent cell to a building adjacent to a mosque.
    ATACMS
  16. Choose the best asset / munition for each:

    1) FOs locate an enemy battalion size element of troops / light skinned vehicles in the open.
    High Explosive (HE)
  17. What are the three dimensions of the information environment and their "key characteristics"?
    Describe.
    • Physical Dimension-"Tangible, real world" (physical platforms and the networks that connect them reside)
    • Informational Dimension-"Data centric" (encompasses  where and how information is collected, processed, stored disseminated and protected. Links physical and cognitive dimensions)
    • Cognitive Dimension-"Human Centric" (encompasses the mind of those who transit, receive, and respond to or act on; influenced by cultural beliefs, norms, education, etc
  18. Name the Information Related Capabilities (IRC) and describe. (Know at least 5 and define 2)
    • Strategic Communication- Focuses on the whole-of-government approach; efforts that create or strengthen advancement of National interests 
    • Joint Interagency Coordination Group- Working group designed to leverage expertise of Non DoD/DOD actors
    • Public Affairs- Public and command information directed toward both external and internal publics with DoD interest
    • Civil Military Operations- Relations between military and civilian populace/entities
    • Cyberspace Operations- Cyber actions that create various direct denial effects in cyberspace. 
    • Information Assurance- Measures that protects and defends information and information systems
    • Space Operations- Space force enhancement functions of ISR.
    • Military Support Information Operation (MISO)- Convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences IOT influence their behavior.
    • Intelligence- Facilitates understanding the interrelationship between the 3 dimensions of IO.
    • Military Deception (MILDEC)- Actions executed to deliberately mislead adversary military decision makers.
    • OPSEC- protects the CMDRS decision and operation while denying adversary critical information and observable indicators
    • Electronic Warfare- Military action involving the EM to control the EM spectrum or to attack the enemy.
    • Key Leader Engagement- deliberate, planned engagements  between the US military leaders and leaders of foreign audiences that have defined objectives
  19. Name the 5 levels of CDE.
    • CDE 1- TGT Validations / initial analysis
    • CDE 2- General / Minimum TGT size analysis
    • CDE 3- Weaponeering Analysis
    • CDE 4- Refined Analysis
    • CDE 5- Casualty Analysis
  20. Why do we need  Casualty Damage Methodology (CDM)?
    • The Law of War- reasonable precautions to ensure only legitimate military objects are targeted.
    • US Values- High value on preserving civilians/non-combatants lives
    • Conscientious Force Application- Employ only the force necessary
    • Strategic Risk- International /domestic support; prolonged post combat reconstruction
  21. What are the five steps of the Commanders Decision and Force assignment Phase?

    Briefly describe.
    • Consolidate - gather the results of TGT development, BDA and capabilities analysis
    • Assemble- data on Friendly forces status factoring in constraints
    • Assign- forces to specific TGTs and supporting missions
    • Present- joint targeting recommendations for JFC approval
    • Issue- tasking orders to the forces
  22. What are some of the JTCB deliverables?
    • Intel forecast of anticipated adversary action for future planning
    • Approval of recommended modification to targeting strategy, guidance and priorities
    • Approval of the JIPTL

  23. Explain the difference (relationship) between Air Tasking Cycle (ATC) and the Joint Targeting Cycle(JTC).
    The ATC must be sequential and is time constraint whereas the JTC is NOT
  24. Explain how the ATC provides info necessary for the creating an execution plan for air ops.

    Hint: 72 hour process
    • The standard is 72 hours from the JFC guidance until the start of the ATO execution
    • The execution takes 24 hours
  25. List 2 of 4 products derived in the DECIDE step of D3A and how those products support the scheme of maneuver.
    • High Payoff TGT list (HPTL)-prioritizes the HPT
    • ISR plan- Creates CCIR/PIRs, bridges Gaps and creates the ISR sync matrix
    • TSS- provide TLE, size/activity and dwell time (decay time)
    • AGM- addresses which TGTs will be attacked,how, when, and the desired effect
  26. What is the land/Maritime (D3A) and explain each step?
    • Decide- It translate the CMDRs intent, conducts TVA which produces HPT and war-gaming
    • Detect- It validates the HPT from INTEL/OPS collection focusing on PIRs
    • Deliver- Provides the execution of the AGM that requires tactical and technical decisions
    • Assess- assesses the OE and the progress of operations and allowing the CMDRs to adjust to meet the objectives
  27. List and describe each step the dynamic targeting steps for TSTs. (F2T2EA)
    • Find- INTEL Collection, Detection (find the TGT)
    • Fix- Locate, identify and determine time available
    • Track- Prioritize ISR, maintain track, update time available
    • Target- determine resources, develop options, weaponeer, deconflict, select method
    • Engage- order engagement, transmit, monitor, strike
    • Assess- assess, report results, re-attack recommendation
  28. Name three elements that are captured in JFC guidance for Time Sensitive Targets (TSTs) and similar priority targets.
    • Target Priorities
    • Establishing FSCM
    • Engagement Authority
    • C2 and coordination requirements
  29. What is the purpose of the Assessment process in the JTC?
    Supports the Commanders decision cycle

    Helps the commander and staff determine what to measure and how to measure it, in order to determine progress toward achieving an objective, creating and effect or accomplishing a task

    Identifies difference between desired and actual effects

    supports decisions whether to continue, repriorities, or redirect operations
  30. Identify the 4 components of Combat Assessment and list which organization(s) have responsibility for each.
    • Battle Damage Assessment (BDA)- J2
    • Munitions effectiveness assessment- J3
    • Collateral Damage Assessment -J2 and J3
    • Re-attack recommendation- J2 and J3
  31. Who is overall responsible for Combat Assessment?
    The J3
  32. What are the 3 phases of BDA, the types of Assessment made under each phase of BDA, the timeline and level of focus?
    • Phase 1- Initial TGT Assessment (single source)- Physical damage/change assessment and functional damage assessment; 1-2 hours; focus on TGT element anf TGT level
    • Phase 2- Supplemental TGT Assessment ( all source)-physical damage assessment and Functional damage Assessment; no established timeline; focuses on TGT and TGT element level
    • Phase 3- Target System Assessment(all source)- Functional damage assessment; 24 hour timeline; TGT System level

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