Musculoskeletal Diseases and Conditions 1

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Musculoskeletal Diseases and Conditions 1
2014-07-25 17:55:41
Musculoskeletal Diseases Conditions

Musculoskeletal Diseases and Conditions
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  1. muscular dystrophy
    group of hereditary diseases characterized by gradual atrophy and weakness of muscle tissue
  2. myasthenia gravis (MG)
    autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by severe muscular weakness and progressive fatigue
  3. sprain
    trauma to a joint that causes injury to the surrounding ligament, accompanied by pain and disability
  4. strain
    trauma to muscle from overuse or excessive forcible stretch in which great toe is angled laterally toward the other toes
  5. tendinitis, tendonitis
    inflammation of a tendon, usually caused by injury or overuse
  6. torticollis, wryneck
    spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles, causing stiffness and twisting of the neck
  7. bunion, hallux valgus
    deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe as it turns in toward the second toe (angulation), which may cause the tissues surrounding the metatarsophalangeal joint to become swollen and tender
  8. carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
    pain or numbness resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (wrist canal through which the flexor tendons and median nerve pass)
  9. contracture
    fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint
  10. crepitation
    grating sound made by movement of bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fx or joint destruction
  11. Ewing sarcoma
    malignant tumor that develops from bone marrow, usually in long bones or the pelvis
  12. ganglion cyst
    fluid filled tumor that most commonly develops along the tendons or joint of the wrists or hands but may also occur in the ankles and feet
  13. gout
    hereditary metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis, characterized by excessive uric acid in the blood and around the joints
  14. herniated disk, prolapsed disk
    herniation or rupture of the nucleus pulposus (center gelatinous material within an intervertebral disk) between two vertebrae