Philosophy

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Anonymous
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27971
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Philosophy
Updated:
2010-07-25 22:45:59
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philosophy
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Midterm
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  1. Philosophy
    love of wisdom
  2. Branches of Philosophy
    • 1.ethics
    • 2. politics
    • 3. epistemology
    • 4. metaphysics
    • 5. theology
    • 6. aesthetics
    • 7. cognitive science
  3. Method of Philosophy
    • 1. Ask Questions
    • 2. Experience
    • 3. Reason
  4. Socrates quote 1
    Only thing I know is that I know nothing
  5. Socrates Quote 2
    Know thyself
  6. Socrates quote 3
    Men do evil out of ignorance
  7. Socrates quote 4
    Truth shall set you free
  8. Socrates quote 5
    Unexamined life is not worth living
  9. simple ignorance
    recognizing you dont know about a subject
  10. double ignorance
    you think you know something that you dont
  11. 5 types of morality
    • 1. objective
    • 2. subjective
    • 3. relative
    • 4. positive
    • 5. nihilism
  12. sophists
    intelligent expert at rhetoric
  13. objective morality
    belief that right/wrong are absolute truths that universally apply
  14. objective morality (+ & -)
    • + need it for social order
    • - leads to fanatics
  15. subjective morality
    belief that right and wrong are opinions individuals have based on experience
  16. subjective morality (+ & -)
    • + establish tolerance and civil rights
    • - leads to chaos
  17. relative morality
    belief that right and wrong is dependent on society which you live
  18. relative morality (+ & -)
    • + multiculturalism (tolerance of all cultures)
    • - you cant criticize it so you dont progress
  19. positive morality
    belief that right and wrong is defined by those in power
  20. positive morality (+ &-)
    • + use power to correct bad and use to make good
    • - anyone can do w/e he wants
  21. nihilism
    belief in nothing
  22. nihilism (+ & -)
    • + feel good, not like a bad person
    • - living by no standards
  23. 3 arguments for civic duty
    • 1. Teach by example
    • 2. We owe society because of the benefits
    • 3. live in state, enter agreement w/ laws
  24. state of nature
    no govt
  25. Bellum omnium contra omnium
    all against all war
  26. common wealth
    to the benefit of all
  27. 3 rights
    • 1. life
    • 2. liberty
    • 3. property
  28. Means of production
    • 1. natural resources
    • 2. technology
    • 3. knowledge
  29. 4 criticism of capitalism
    • 1. B=leeches of society (do nothing , own everything)
    • 2. Rat Race (wage slavery)
    • 3. Allienation through Commodification
    • 4. Globalization (1 world economy)
  30. 4 techniques of military
    • 1. fear
    • 2. desire
    • 3. distraction
    • 4. misinformation
  31. Skeptical Method
    • 1. examine all ideas within your mind
    • 2. you keep those ideas that are clear
    • 3. you erase any unclear ideas that allow for doubt
    • 4. all ideas based ^ you also get rid off
  32. 3 attacks on senses
    • 1. illusions/mirage
    • 2. dreams
    • 3. insanity
  33. Cognito Ergo Sum
    I think therefore I am
  34. innate idea
    idea borned w/ it but never really seen, felt, smelled
  35. Empiricism
    all ideas are produced by sense experience
  36. Tabula Rasa
    clean chalkboard (our mind is empty of ideas)
  37. 1st order ideas
    (matters of fact) produced by immediate sense experience
  38. 2nd order ideas
    when you take 1st order ideas and manipulate them somehow

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