NCLEX

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Author:
bwbean25
ID:
279830
Filename:
NCLEX
Updated:
2014-07-27 14:38:09
Tags:
NCLEX
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  1. RBC
    • male 4.6-6.2 million/mm3
    • female 4.2-5.4
    • child 3.2-5.2
  2. WBC
    • adult 5,000-10,000
    • child 5,000-13,000
  3. Hbg
    • male 13-18 g/dL
    • female 12-16
  4. Hct
    • male 42-52%
    • female 35-47%
  5. Bleeding time
    1.5-9.5 min
  6. PTT
    • monitor effectiveness of heparinĀ 
    • lower limit 20-25 sec
    • upper limit 32-39 sec
  7. PT
    • monitor effectiveness of coumadin
    • 9.5-12.0 sec
  8. Platelet count
    150,000-450,000 mm3
  9. INR
    • monitors effectiveness of anticoagulantĀ 
    • <2 for pt not receiving tx
    • 2-3 for therapy of a-fib, DVT, pulmonary emboli
    • 2.5-3.5 for therapy of prosthetic heart valves
  10. ESR
    • sedimentation rate, speed at which RBCs settle
    • indicates inflammation
    • male <50, <15mm/h, >50, <20mm/h
    • female <25, <30
  11. Total cholesterol
    150-200mg/dL
  12. LDL
    <160 mg/dL if no CAD
  13. HDL
    • male 35-70 mg/dL
    • female 35-85 mg/dL
  14. CR (creatinine)
    • test of renal fx, NPO 8 hrs
    • adult 0.6-1.2 mg/dL
    • child 0.4-1.2
    • infant 0.3-0.6
  15. Alkaline phosphate
    • evaluates liver and bone fx, NPO 8-12
    • adult 50-120 units/L
  16. Creatine kinase (CK)
    • dx of acute MI, detected in blood 3-5 hrs
    • MM bands = skeletal muscle damage
    • MB bands = heart muscle damage
  17. Albumin
    • used to detect protein malnutrition
    • 3.5-5.5 g/dL
  18. BUN
    • evaluate renal fx
    • affected by protein intake, tissue breakdown, fluid volume intake
    • >60 7-18 mg/dL
    • 8-20 mg/dL
  19. Triglycerides
    • detect risk for atherosclerosis
    • 100-200 mg/dL
  20. ALT
    • increased in liver disease, hepatitisĀ 
    • 10-40
  21. AST
    10-40
  22. pH
    7.35-7.45
  23. PaO2
    85-95 mmHg
  24. SaO2
    95-99%
  25. PaCO2
    35-45 mmHg
  26. HCO3
    19-25mmHg

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