Card Set Information

2014-07-28 08:01:21

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  1. Obsolete
    • DEFINITION: no longer in use; outmoded in design or style
    • SENTENCE: The typewriter, mimeograph machine, and walkman are now obsolete, and have been replaced by the computer, photocopier, and iPod.
    • SYNONYMS: outdated, archaic, ancient
    • ANTONYMS: modern, trendy, contemporary
  2. Auspicious
    • DEFINITION: very favorable
    • SENTENCE: The Mogul princes of India were required to wait to marry until the emperor's astrologers felt that all of the planetary signs were auspicious.
    • SYNONYMS: promising, fortunate, felicitous
    • ANTONYMS: unlucky, ominous, unfortunate
  3. Morose
    • DEFINITION: gloomily or sullenly ill-humored, as a person or mood; very depressed, despondent, sad, or unhappy
    • SENTENCE: Tevin wanted to go out with friends, but he was so morose and unhappy that he could not bring himself to engage in any way.
    • SYNONYMS: sad, gloomy, glum
    • ANTONYMS: happy, cheerful, optimistic
  4. Impasse
    • DEFINITION: a deadlock; stalemate; failure to reach an agreement
    • SENTENCE: The Constitutional Convention was almost totally derailed by an impasse between the large states and the small states, which was solved by the proposal of the Great Compromise.
    • SYNONYMS: jam, standoff, standstill
    • ANTONYMS: agreement, breakthrough, development
  5. anachronism
    • DEFINITION: the false assignment of an event, person, scene, or language to a time when the event, person, scene, or word did not exist
    • SENTENCE: "Last Supper" by Dirk Bouts depicts a deliberate anachronism in Christ and his disciples eating in a royal palace in 15th-century Netherlands.
  6. belie
    • DEFINITION: to give a false impression; to contradict
    • SENTENCE: The sailor's unmoved faces belie their jubilation at being close to home for the first time in many months.
    • SYNONYMS: deny, disagree, oppose
    • ANTONYMS: attest, prove, confirm
  7. mitigate
    • DEFINITION: to relieve; to lessen; to ease
    • SENTENCE: Pharmaceutical companies make many different pills designed to mitigate the symptoms of everything from migraine headaches to acid indigestion.
    • SYNONYMS: calm, soothe, placate
    • ANTONYMS: exacerbate, upset, aggravate
  8. assuage
    • DEFINITION: to make unpleasant feelings less severe; to lessen the intensity of
    • SENTENCE: Seeing the smiles on the faces of people coming off of the roller coaster assuaged Cameron's fears that he would be hurt or terrified on the ride.
    • SYNONYMS: mitigate, relieve
  9. mollify
    • DEFINITION: to make someone less angry or upset; to soothe in temper
    • SENTENCE: Ryan was so angry that Katy had pushed him into the pool that even getting an ice cream cone could not mollify him
    • SYNONYMS: pacify, appease, soothe
  10. alleviate
    • DEFINITION: to take away, as pain; to make easier to endure
    • SENTENCE: It can sometimes take a while for Advil to alleviate all symptoms of headache.
    • SYNONYMS: soothe, allay, assuage
  11. covet
    • DEFINITION: to strongly desire; to crave
    • SENTENCE: Ally had never wanted to have her ears pierced, but she couldn't help but covet Jenny's beautiful collection of earrings, which came in all shapes and sizes.
    • SYNONYMS: want, wish for, pine
    • ANTONYMS: disregard, neglect, disdain
  12. antithesis
    • DEFINITION: direct opposite; the complete reverse; antipode
    • SENTENCE: Love is the antithesis of war, as creation is the antithesis of destruction.
    • SYNONYMS: antonym, reverse, contrast
    • ANTONYMS: same, synonym, similar
  13. prototype
    • DEFINITION: an original model
    • SENTENCE: The Model T was the prototype for generations of mass-produced automobiles.
    • SYNONYMS: archetype, standard, predecessor
  14. aloof
    • DEFINITION: detached; distant physically or emotionally; reserved; standing near but apart
    • SENTENCE: Though they might be generous and kind, it is hard to like someone who remains aloof and refuses to engage with the world.
    • SYNONYMS: shy, cool, alone
    • ANTONYMS: sociable, friendly, outgoing
  15. banal
    • DEFINITION: devoid of freshness or originality; boring, ordinary, and uninteresting
    • SENTENCE: The narration of the underwater film was so terrible that it made seeing exciting new things seem banal and uninteresting.
    • SYNONYMS: clich, common,
    • ANTONYMS: original, new, fresh
  16. platitudinous
    • DEFINITION: having the characteristics of a flat, dull, or trite remark, especially one uttered as if it were fresh or profound
    • SENTENCE: My dad always repeats platitudinous phrases like "patience is a virtue," which make it seem like he hasn't ever had experience of his own to draw on.
    • SYNONYMS: boring, old, clich
  17. trite
    • DEFINITION: done or expressed too often to be of any interest
    • SENTENCE: Jim's comments on art are so trite that I wonder if he ever sees anything new in a painting.
    • SYNONYMS: simplistic, unoriginal, hackneyed
  18. hackneyed
    • DEFINITION: overused, made dull by repetition
    • SENTENCE: We see and hear company's slogans so often in commercials and on billboards that they quickly become hackneyed and almost meaningless.
    • SYNONYMS: overused, meaningless
  19. antecedent
    • DEFINITION: a preceding event; a forerunner
    • SENTENCE: Homer's works are an almost universal literary antecedent, having influenced most of the written works that have been produced in the last three thousand years.
    • SYNONYMS: precursor, forerunner, ancestor
    • ANTONYMS: descendent, successor, spin-off
  20. plausible
    • DEFINITION: believable; credible
    • SENTENCE: Though the policemen were able to suggest a plausible scenario for the crime, they were not able to find any evidence that proved their story.
    • SYNONYMS: possible, likely, probable
    • ANTONYMS: unbelievable, unlikely, implausible
  21. prudent
    • DEFINITION: careful; cautious; sensible
    • SENTENCE: No matter how old you are, it is always prudent to look both ways before crossing the street.
    • SYNONYMS: circumspect, meticulous, vigilant
    • ANTONYMS: careless, imprudent, unwise
  22. aesthetic
    • DEFINITION: relating to what is beautiful; an appreciation of what is beautiful or attractive
    • SENTENCE: Rachel made an excellent interior decorator because she can instantly assess the aesthetic needs of a space, and can say just what will improve the feeling of a room.
    • SYNONYMS: artistic, creative, cultured
    • ANTONYMS: ugly, unattractive, displeasing
  23. paradox
    • DEFINITION: a seemingly contradictory statement that nonetheless expresses a truth
    • SENTENCE: My friend tried to explain Zeno's paradox about Achilles never being able to catch a turtle, but he got so confused that he gave up.
    • SYNONYMS: dichotomy, incongruity, contradiction
  24. enigmatic
    • DEFINITION: mysterious; puzzling; unfathomable; baffling
    • SENTENCE: The Mona Lisa's enigmatic smile, which might show many emotions or none, has puzzled art lovers for centuries.
    • SYNONYMS: cryptic, perplexing, ambiguous
    • ANTONYMS: clear, known, obvious
  25. inscrutable
    • DEFINITION: beyond one's powers to know, understand, or explain; not easily understood
    • SENTENCE: I have to trust that astrologists know what they are talking about, because I find all of the talk about signs and moons and houses to be completely inscrutable.
    • SYNONYMS: mysterious, strange, heady
  26. acquiesce
    • DEFINITION: to assist tacitly; to give in without necessarily agreeing, but without protest
    • SENTENCE: Sonja had no wish to go to Chucky Cheese with her little brother, but he was so annoying and insistent that eventually she had to acquiesce and take him anyway.
    • SYNONYMS: accept, consent, accede
    • ANTONYMS: fight, reject, protest
  27. naive
    • DEFINITION: unaffected simplicity; lacking worldly expertise; overly ready to believe or trust in others
    • SENTENCE: Carrie felt ridiculous and naive for having believed the story that Matt told her about the dog with five heads.
    • SYNONYMS: simple, innocent, gullible
    • ANTONYMS: experienced, sophisticated, wise
  28. autonomous
    • DEFINITION: independent; not controlled by others
    • SENTENCE: While the dispute in Ukraine is over some eastern parts of the country becoming part of Russia, in the Middle East, many Palestinians are fighting to have their own autonomous state not governed by Israel or any other country.
    • SYNONYMS: self-determining, self-ruling, sovereign
    • ANTONYMS: dependent, subject, suppressed
  29. futile
    • DEFINITION: completely useless; doomed to failure
    • SENTENCE: The United States attempts to reserve sending troops into a divided country only for when all methods of diplomacy and discussion have proved futile.
    • SYNONYMS: useless, pointless, hopeless
    • ANTONYMS: fruitful, hopeful, productive
  30. endemic
    • DEFINITION: natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; belonging exclusively to a particular place
    • SENTENCE: Animals that are introduced to an area are likely to threaten the endemic species that have been living there for generations.
    • SYNONYMS: native, indigenous
  31. indigenous
    • DEFINITION: native to an area; existing naturally or having always lived in a place
    • SENTENCE: Seeing new plants and animals indigenous to a certain place is one of the joys of traveling
    • SYNONYMS: innate, natural, primitive
    • ANTONYMS: foreign, imported, alien
  32. Ubiquitous
    • DEFINITION: characterized by being everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent
    • SENTENCE: Though smart phones are now ubiquitous, their power and capabilities would have amazed people just twenty years ago.
    • SYNONYMS: everywhere, universal, widespread, pervasive
    • ANTONYMS: nowhere, uncommon, sporadic
  33. Prevalent
    • DEFINITION: existing commonly and found frequently, as a plant; accepted, used, or practiced by most people, as a tool or belief
    • SENTENCE: Quinoa has long been a food staple of peoples in the Andes of South America not only due to its high nutrition value, but because it is such a prevalent crop in that region.
    • SYNONYMS: pervasive, widespread, common