DEFINITION: natural, basic, or instinctual aversion; strong dislike
SENTENCE: Jolene can't help her antipathy toward all vegetables except for corn and broccoli, but she cooks lots of creative dishes with heavy spices to enable herself to eat the healthy plants.
SYNONYMS: abhorrence, enmity, hatred
ANTONYMS: love, rapport, friendliness
DEFINITION: ill will, resentment, or enmity tending toward active hostility; a feeling of strong dislike that tends to display itself in action
SENTENCE: Ever since I let slip the final score of the World Cup match to Jean before he could watch it himself, he looks at me with animosity when I enter a room, as if he wants to use me as a soccer ball.
SYNONYMS: aggression, dislike, hatred
DEFINITION: to depart temporarily from a subject; to deviate from a main topic in writing or speaking
SENTENCE: I like it when my teachers digress, because the topics they talk when they do about are usually more interesting than the subject of the lesson.
SYNONYMS: meander, roam, stray, wander, ramble
ANTONYMS: focus, concentrate, zero-in
DEFINITION: showing great determination in holding on to something that is valued; unwilling to accept defeat, or to stop doing or having something
SENTENCE: Clara was known for being tenacious on the rugby field, and it often took three or more players from the other team to tackle her when she had the ball.
SYNONYMS: adamant, dogged, steadfast
ANTONYMS: weak, surrendering, yielding
DEFINITION: benignly lenient or permissive; characterized by excessive generosity, especially in reference to unrestrained gratification; overly tolerant
SENTENCE: Emma's dad is known for being indulgent, often letting her friends stay up late eating chocolate and watching movies, even on school nights.
SYNONYMS: permissive, lenient, tolerant
ANTONYMS: harsh, unforgiving, strict
DEFINITION: create disunity, discord or dissension; to break up into opposing factions or groups
SENTENCE: Though meant to bring people of different cultures together, major sporting events like the Olympics and the World Cup are often divisive because people only want the team from their country to win.
SYNONYMS: alienating, discordant, disruptive
ANTONYMS: unifying, cohesive, synthesizing
DEFINITION: to cause people in a group to have sharply differing opinions; to encourage people toward more extreme, conflicting positions
SENTENCE: Whenever Khaled speaks, he tends to polarize anyone listening into one group of people who totally agree with him and a group that wants to contest every word he says.
SYNONYMS: split, separate
DEFINITION: lacking a fully developed form or limits; having the hazy, vague qualities of a cloud; difficult to see, understand, or describe
SENTENCE: Lotta is interested in theoretical physics, because so much is undiscovered and the limits of what is possible are so nebulous that it seems to her that anything can happen in that field.
DEFINITION: a comparison between two things that shows their similarity; an observation of similar characteristics in different things, often to be used for rhetorical emphasis or as the basis for deduction
SENTENCE: When attempting to explain how much his stomach was hurting, Eddie used the analogy of a ball that bounces on a floor full of firecrackers, saying that a little fiery explosion might happen at any second.
SYNONYMS: simile, metaphor, correlation, likeness, association
ANTONYMS: dissimilar, unlikeness, difference
DEFINITION: showing an analogy, or displaying a likeness that permits an analogy; corresponding in some particular way
SENTENCE: Music is often seen as analogous to mathematics, because both operate with set rules and boundaries, and both rely largely on finding patterns.
SYNONYMS: similar, reminiscent (of),
DEFINITION: very brief; vanishing quickly
SENTENCE: Indu's feeling of joy at having finished her final exams was fleeting, because she knew that she would have to work all summer to save money for college.
SYNONYMS: cursory, ephemeral
ANTONYMS: lasting, enduring, lengthy
DEFINITION: lasting for only a short time; living only one day, as certain flowers or insects do
SENTENCE: Thought it is sad that the lights from fireworks are ephemeral, their short lives help us appreciate their beauty even more when we get to see them.
SYNONYMS: fleeting, transitory, short-lived
DEFINITION: a tendency to do, or to be attracted to, something; a partiality or disposition in favor of something; a preference
SENTENCE: Because she could not stand the taste of mint, Andrea developed a predilection for chocolate-flavored toothpaste.
SYNONYMS: bias, leaning, partiality, penchant
DEFINITION: a strong inclination or taster for something; a liking for or habit of doing something, esp. that others might not like
SENTENCE: Nabil has such a penchant for exotic recipes that he travels the world and takes cooking classes to learn new ways of cooking.
SYNONYMS: affinity, bias, propensity
ANTONYMS: indifference, impartial, neutral
DEFINITION: likely to change or react to a new idea or sudden desire; characterized by unpredictable, constantly shifting moods
SENTENCE: Justin is so capricious that he will walk out of movie theaters halfway through a movie because he feels like walking around the block.
SYNONYMS: variable, erratic, volatile
ANTONYMS: constant, steadfast, dependable
DEFINITION: Having the characteristics of eloquence, shrewdness, swiftness, and/or thievishness attributed to the god Mercury; changing mood or thought quickly and often
SENTENCE: Dee's mercurial emotions lead to the music she makes being wild and unpredictable, and also thrilling to listen to.