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- DEFINITION: coolly unconcerned or indifferent; having an air of casual indifference
- SENTENCE: Though he knew that he had done nothing wrong, Mike could not help trying to act nonchalant when walking past a police officer by whistling a random tune.
- SYNONYMS: casual, uncaring, unconcerned
- ANTONYMS: nervous, jumpy, stressed
- DEFINITION: having a complicated structure, and therefore difficult to understand; having many twists and curves
- SENTENCE: Guy plays a mean trick on tourists whenever they ask him directions by giving them the most twisting, convoluted paths to their desired destination.
- SYNONYMS: complex, labyrinthine, tangled
- ANTONYMS: simple, straightforward, straight
- DEFINITION: traveling from place to place (usually to work for short periods); traveling constantly, staying in each place only a short time
- SENTENCE: Many musicians spend their whole careers as itinerant performers, often spending only a few nights in each city or town.
- SYNONYMS: migratory, nomadic, unsettled
- ANTONYMS: sedentary, permanent, settled
- DEFINITION: causing a strong feeling of sadness; keenly distressing or heartrending
- SENTENCE: Talya took advantage of a poignant moment in the movie by taking Chaled's hand in hers as she wiped away a tear.
- SYNONYMS: emotional, distressing, sentimental, touching
- ANTONYMS: unaffecting, unemotional, calm
- DEFINITION: a force that causes something to be done or to become more active; stimulation or encouragement resulting in increased activity
- SENTENCE: Paula falling and breaking her hand was unfortunate, but it did serve as the impetus for the city to repair the old playground, which was helpful.
- SYNONYMS: catalyst, force, push
- ANTONYMS: hindrance, block, impediment
- DEFINITION: of or relating to the country or country life; having to do with the countryside, shepherds, flocks of sheep, or rural life
- SENTENCE: A small, bucolic area provides good escape from the hustle and bustle of the city.
- SYNONYMS: rural, peaceful, scenic
- ANTONYMS: urban, metropolitan, municipal
- DEFINITION: having the simplicity, charm, serenity, or other characteristics generally attributed to rural areas; having or representing the pleasant, traditional features of the countryside
- SENTENCE: The Hudson River School specialized in painting the pastoral beauty of America's unspoiled landscape.
- SYNONYMS: simple, serene, charming
- DEFINITION: associated with the simple, artless, or unsophisticated life in the countryside; suitable for the countryside due to attractive simplicity
- SENTENCE: Sometimes rustic pleasures like heat from a wood fire and being alone in a cabin with no electricity are nicer than having a big group of people talking and partying.
- SYNONYMS: simple, scenic, untouched
- DEFINITION: the state of having control over emotions, esp. in a difficult situation; calmness and evenness of mind under pressure
- SENTENCE: It was hard for the president to keep his equanimity when he heard of the disaster in the coal mine, but he quickly lifted his head and acted like the leader his people had elected him to be.
- SYNONYMS: levelheadedness, composure, poise, imperturbability
- ANTONYMS: anxiety, discomposure, agitation
- DEFINITION: dash and flamboyance, especially in artistic performance or composition; a stylish and confident way of doing things marked by great vigor and energy, which elicits admiration
- SENTENCE: Gordon had always been a quiet kid, but when he started his standup comedy routine, he lit up with a panache and confidence that no one had ever seen from him before.
- SYNONYMS: flair, flourish, spirit
- ANTONYMS: dullness, drab, boring
- DEFINITION: enthusiasm or vigor, as in artistic or literary work;
- SENTENCE: When she secludes herself in her studio, Alison's verve can help her choreograph as many as ten dance numbers in a day.
- SYNONYMS: energy, vivaciousness, animation
- DEFINITION: causing discussion, thought, or argument; intended to cause a reaction, esp. anger or annoyance
- SENTENCE: Officials at some beaches insisted on measuring the length of bathing suits to make sure they are not too provocative, and don't display too much leg.
- SYNONYMS: challenging, spurring, stimulating
- ANTONYMS: repressive, suppressive, unstimulating
- DEFINITION: serenely free of interruption or disturbance; calm and not easily upset or excited
- SENTENCE: Emmanuel's placid face could not hide his frustration and displeasure at the ding in his car door from his apologetic son.
- SYNONYMS: tranquil, peaceful, serene
- ANTONYMS: agitated, disturbed, upset
- DEFINITION: fortunate occurrence that happens to have been produced by chance; having or showing luck
- SENTENCE: I dropped my phone in the pool at a fortuitous time, because the very next day my company sent me an email saying I was due for an update.
- SYNONYMS: lucky, providential, serendipitous
- ANTONYMS: calculated, deliberate, intentional
- DEFINITION: to remove fears, doubts, or false ideas, usually by proving them wrong or unnecessary; to make (something) go away or end
- SENTENCE: Madame LaMontagne wanted to dispel all the rumors that were going around about her, so she held a company meeting to address the false things that people had been saying.
- SYNONYMS: banish, dismiss, disperse
- ANTONYMS: collect, accumulate, gather
- DEFINITION: a combination or mixture of different things
- SENTENCE: Julie's painting also uses an amalgam of mosaic and collage to incorporate texture and different themes into her work.
- SYNONYMS: mix, composite, compound
- ANTONYMS: division, separation, dissolution
- DEFINITION: capable of being accomplished in the intended way; able to exist, perform as intended, or succeed
- SENTENCE: Soaring oil costs and mounting worries about global warming have prompted a search for other viable sources of energy.
- SYNONYMS: possible, reasonable, workable
- ANTONYMS: impossible, unachievable, unreasonable
- DEFINITION: capable of being done or carried out; possible, reasonable, or likely
- SENTENCE: No one thinks that it is currently feasible, but Bill Gates has argued that if humans can someday develop a reactor that burns nuclear waste, it might solve the energy crisis.
- SYNONYMS: realistic, attainable, practicable
- DEFINITION: agonizing physical or mental pain; excruciating or acute distress
- SENTENCE: Though not being able to compete caused Layla considerable anguish, she was happy for her sister, who won the three-mile long race.
- SYNONYMS: distress, suffering, torment
- ANTONYMS: comfort, contentment, joy
- DEFINITION: not controlled, and too extreme or violent; having shown a lack of emotional calmness and control
- SENTENCE: Rudy is a nice guy most of the time, but he has been known to be intemperate and unpredictable when he is frustrated with a project he is working on.
- SYNONYMS: self-indulgent, wasteful, profligate
- ANTONYMS: temperate, moderate, restrained
- DEFINITION: not extreme, but within a middle range; moderate and self-restrained
- SENTENCE: There is no one more cool and temperate than Wendy; she shows that she is flustered or upset by sighing.
- SYNONYMS: balanced, controlled, self-restrained
- ANTONYMS: wasteful, profligate, self-indulgent
- DEFINITION: being at, on, of, or near the surface; shallow or lacking in depth; concerned only with surface appearances
- SENTENCE: Victoria's first assessment of Bill as an arrogant jerk proved superficial when she saw him comforting a crying classmate outside of the library.
- SYNONYMS: cursory, frivolous, one-dimensional
- ANTONYMS: deep, detailed, thorough
- DEFINITION: to praise, honor, glorify, or extol someone or something;
- SENTENCE: Ms. Dean always tries to laud students for good work, but she really encourages thinking outside the box and finding answers that are not immediately evident.
- SYNONYMS: praise, glorify
- ANTONYMS: dismiss, scold, criticize
- DEFINITION: to praise someone in an enthusiastic way; to welcome or introduce through shouts of joy, praise, or approval; to applaud
- SENTENCE: Sean works too hard for acclaim, and his teachers tell him frequently that he should sometimes think about what he is learning, and not just the grade that he wants to get.
- SYNONYMS: applaud, cheer, hail
- DEFINITION: to advertise or praise something, often to encourage its use or sale; to describe or advertise boastfully in order to promote something
- SENTENCE: Politicians often tout their past accomplishments to show that they should be re-elected, whether or not their accomplishments have anything to do with what needs to be done in the future.
- SYNONYMS: promote, trumpet, glorify
- DEFINITION: to praise highly; to glorify a person or thing by telling of its various merits
- SENTENCE: Bill Nye the Science Guy, once a TV personality, now travels the world to extol the virtues of alternative fuel and to spread awareness of the dangers of global warming.
- SYNONYMS: exalt, praise, laud
- DEFINITION: showing that you think someone or something is not important and not worth considering; rejecting by showing indifference or disregard
- SENTENCE: People who are too dismissive of new ideas may find themselves regretting their words once those ideas become commonly accepted.
- SYNONYMS: pompous, disregard, scorn
- ANTONYMS: approve, honor, respect
- DEFINITION: to speak of someone or something in a slighting or disrespectful way; to belittle in order to lower in rank and reputation
- SENTENCE: Helen had to admit that she said some untrue things just to disparage her ex boyfriend, but refused to apologize for her cruel behavior.
- SYNONYMS: discredit, scorn, dismiss
- ANTONYMS: approve, commend, praise
- DEFINITION: feeling or showing the sense of being better than others; characterized by an overt display of dignity or importance
- SENTENCE: Though Kyle was smart, everyone thought he was way too pompous when he walked around spouting math theorems and talking in Latin and ancient Greek.
- SYNONYMS: boastful, pretentious, arrogant, egotistical
- ANTONYMS: humble, modest, meek
- DEFINITION: having or seeming to have a hidden or ambiguous meaning; mysterious and difficult to understand
- SENTENCE: An entire mystery novel might hang around one cryptic remark, which could turn out to seem totally obvious when it is explained in the end.
- SYNONYMS: enigmatic, mystic, secretive
- ANTONYMS: clear, obvious, straightforward
- DEFINITION: so slight as to be difficult to detect or describe; hard to see or notice; fine or delicate in meaning or intent
- SENTENCE: Yan appreciates the beauty of art, but he often feels silly when talking about it because he is not as quick as his friends to pick up the more subtle elements of color or style.
- SYNONYMS: implied, insinuated, indirect
- ANTONYMS: clear, obvious, plain
- DEFINITION: a lack of equality and similarity, esp. in a way that is not fair; the condition of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree
- SENTENCE: The film "Slumdog Millionaire" illustrates the disparity in quality of housing in India between the wealthy few who live in luxury condos and the poverty-stricken masses who live in shacks.
- SYNONYMS: difference, discrepancy, divergence
- ANTONYMS: conformity, sameness, uniformity