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What is cell theory?
Cells are the basic unit of life
what are the seven characteristics of life
- 1. Movement
- 2. Response
- 3. Growth
- 4. Exchange of matter
- 5. Controlled energy use
- 6. Reproduction
- 7. Cell make up
Control centre of the cell, genetic material (DNA), present in all cells except for monera
Semi rigid, protective structure, present in all cells but animal
Responsible for energy production and cellular respiration, present in all eukaryote cells
Protein synthesis and production, not membrane bound, present in both eukaryote and prokaryote
Responsible for packaging and transporting things out of the cells. Made of stacks of membrane sacs. Present in eukaryote only
Transports within the cell, rough ribosomes attatched. Present in eukaryotes
Photosynthesis takes place here, contains chlorophyll that gives the green colour. Present in all plant cells and some Protist
Cell membrane aka Plasma membrane
Controls entry and release of things in and out of the cell, partially permeable. Present in both eukaryote and prokaryote.
Aids with digestion within the cell, contains enzymes, apoptosis. Present in all eukaryotes
Stores H20 and nutrients in the cell, helps the structure of the cell. Relatively large in plant cells. Present in both eukaryote and prokaryote.
Flagella and Cillia
Helps move the cell, whip like. Present in both eukaryote (except fungi) and prokaryote
Movement of chemicals along a concentration gradient
Movement of chemicals against the concentration gradient, needs energy.
Movement of water along a concentration gradient.
Solute, solvent and solution
Solute is a chemical that is dissolved in the solvent thus producing solution
Equation for photosynthesis
Equation for cellular respiration