parenting styles

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parenting styles
2014-07-30 02:38:49
psych160 parentingstyles
Being a parent
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  1. Parent's behavior of a Authoritarian
    • rigid, punitive, strict standards 
    • ex: if dont clean your room, I'll take away your iPod for good and ground you
  2. parent's behavior of permissive
    • lax, inconsistent, undemanding 
    • ex: it might be good to clean your room, but i guess it can wait
  3. parent's behavior of an authoritative
    • firm, sets limits and goals, uses reasoning, encourages independence 
    • ex: you'll need to clean your room before we go out to eat, as soon as you finish, we'll leave
  4. parent's behavior or an uninvolved
    • detached emotionally, sees role only as providing food, clothing, and shelter 
    • ex: i couldnt care less if your room is a pigsty
  5. Child's behavior of authoritarian
    unsociable, unfriendly, withdrawn
  6. child's behavior of permissive
    immature, moody, dependent, low self-control
  7. child's behavior in authoritative
    good social skills, likable, self-reliant, independent
  8. child's behavior in uninvolved parents
    indifferent, rejecting behavior
  9. uninvolved parents
    parents who show little interest in their children and are emotionally detached
  10. authoritative parents
    parents who are firm, set clear limits, reason with their children and explain things to them
  11. authoritarian parents
    parents who are rigid and punitive and value unquestioning obedience from their children
  12. permissive parents
    parents who give their children relaxed or inconsistent direction and, although they are warm, require little of them
  13. temperament
    basic, innate disposition
  14. which developmental psychologist researched the  different parenting styles?
    diana baumrind
  15. psychosocial development
    development of individuals' interactions and understanding of each other and of their knowledge and understanding of themselves as members of society
  16. Who developed theories of psychosocial development
    Erik Erikson
  17. trust-vs-mistrust stage
    1st stage of psychosocial development, from birth to 1 1/2 yrs of age, infants develop feelings of trust or lack of trust
  18. autonomy-vs-shame and doubt stage
    • toddlers (ages 1 1/2 to 3 years) 
    • develop independence and autonomy if exploration and freedom are encouraged or shame and self-doubt if they are restricted and overprotected
  19. initiative-vs-guilt stage
    children age 3-6, experience conflict between independence of action and sometimes negative results of that action
  20. industry-vs-inferiority stage
    last stage of childhood, age 6-12; may develop positive social interactions with others or may feel inadequate and become less sociable
  21. List the first 4 stages of Erikson's theories (childhood)
    • 1. mistrust vs trust stage 
    • 2. autonomy vs shame and doubt stage 
    • 3. initiative vs guilt stage 
    • 4. industry vs inferiority stage
  22. cognitive development
    • the process by which a child's understanding of the world changes as a function of age and experience
    • -children cannot understand certain idea sand concepts until this stage of understanding
  23. Who developed the 4 stages of cognitive development and what are these stages?
    • Jean Piaget 
    • 1. sensorimotor 
    • 2. preoperational
    • 3. concrete operational 
    • 4. formal operational
  24. Sensorimotor - age and characteristics
    • birth - 2 years;
    • development of object permanence, development of motor skills, little or no capacity for symbolic representation
  25. preoperational - age and characteristics
    development of language and symbolic thinking, egocentric thinking
  26. concrete operational - age and characteristics
    • 7-12 years; 
    • development of conservation, mastery of concept of reversibility
  27. formal operational - age and characteristics
    • 12 yrs - adulthood;
    • development of logical and abstract thinking
  28. object permanence
    the awareness that objects -and people- continue to exist even if they are out of sight
  29. what is a critical development during the sensorimotor age?
    object permanence
  30. egocentric thought
    • a way of thinking in which the child views the world entirely from his/her own perspective
    • (thinking that everyone shares their perspective and knowledge)
  31. principle of conservation
    knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects
  32. reversibility
    the idea that some changes can be undone by reversing an earlier action
  33. information processing
    the way which people take in, use, and store info
  34. metacognition
    an awareness and understanding of one's own cognitive processes
  35. Vygotsky says...
    • cognitive development occurs as a consequence of social interactions in which children work with others to jointly solve problems; 
    • cognitive abilities increase when encounter info that falls within their zone of proximal development
  36. zone of proximal development (ZPD)
    level at whic ha child can almost, but not fully, comprehend or perform a task on his/her own
  37. scaffolding
    • provides support for learning and problem solving that encourages independence and growth
    • -when assisted by parents, teachers, or skilled peers, presenting info that is both new and within the ZPD