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To identify Main Point of paragraph look for:
- 1. Conclusion Indicators
- (Therefore, Thus, As a result, Accordingly, It follows that, Hence, Consequently, Clearly, In view of these facts)
- 2. Normative Language
- (says something is good or bad, expresses opinion, evaluation, solution, proposal, explanation, assessment or prediction)
What type of words indicate the CONNECTIONS btw the ideas contained in each paragraph?
- 1. Contrast Indicators
- But, However, Yet, While, Nonetheless, Nevertheless, Even so, Although, In contrast
- 2. Continuity Indicators
- And, Also, In addition, Plus, Further, For example, Since, Because, Indeed, For...and
- 3. Emphasis Indicators
- Ultimately, Essentially, Fundamentally, Especially, Critically, Importantly, Necessarily
What steps do you take to summarize a passage?
1. Compare main point of first 2 paragraphs, are they the same or different?
2. Connect Main Points w/ simple indicator words (but, and, b/c)
3. Write out a few key words/phrases
Main Idea Questions Right answers:
Portion of summary that embodies the key takeaway from the passage.
*will borrow or quote language from the passage
Main Idea Questions Wrong answers:
1. Too Broad
2. Too Narrow
3. In right direction, but too strong
Two types of Line ID questions:
1. Determine meaning of word/phrase
2. Describe function/purpose of word/phrase
Information Retrieval Questions
Correctly restates factual details
Right answer will be drawn from passage but restated not quoted
Wrong answers for Information Retrieval Questions
1. Introduces outside info. on same topic
2. Contradicts info in passage
3. Right direction but too strong
4. Attributes idea to wrong person
What are the two types of Inference Questions?
- 1. Necessary-Implication
- Inferring based on what was said in the passage
- 2. Detail-Combination
- Combine lines on which 2 topics were discussed
What are the 3 parts to a Tone Question:
- 1. Valence
- General direction-positive, neutral, negative
- 2. Intensity
- Specific level of valence-cautiously positive, unbridled negative
- 3. Content
- Object or target of tone
*Right Answer will apply same combo of valence and intensity that the passage did!
What are the 3 types of Argument-Style Questions?
- 1. Weaken
- Claim will be broad - Answer will into. new facts that are inconsistent
- 2. Strengthen
- claim will be general - Answer will be specific, concrete examples
- 3. Parallel
- general principle from passage & apply to new situation
Info-Retrieval Questions correct answer approach:
Correct Answer will be a statement, claim or fact in BOTH passages
Eliminate answers not in passage A then repeat the same with passage B. Compare remaining answers to the passage.
Common Topic Questions **HARD**
Right and wrong answer approach:
Right: Identify big picture topic that the 2 passages have in common.
- Wrong: Too narrow - topic only in 1 passage
- Too Broad - comparisons/conclusions not supported.