NEW_SAT_Vocab_Cards_Day_8.txt

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Yleana_2014
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280058
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NEW_SAT_Vocab_Cards_Day_8.txt
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2014-07-31 07:51:26
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  1. Resurgent
    • DEFINITION: becoming popular, active, or successful again after a period of being less so; returning to prominence
    • SENTENCE: I am always glad at resurgent fashion trends, because I can either wear things that are still in my closet but haven't been worn in a while, or I can get trendy clothes at a thrift store.
    • SYNONYMS: renascent, reviving, returning
    • ANTONYMS: regression, weakened, remission
  2. deleterious
    • DEFINITION: harmful, often in a subtle or unexpected way; injurious to health
    • SENTENCE: Excess weight can have a number of deleterious effects, including increasing chances of heart disease, asthma, and diabetes.
    • SYNONYMS: harmful, destructive, hurtful
    • ANTONYMS: aiding, assisting, helpful
  3. decry
    • DEFINITION: to publicly criticize something as being undesirable or harmful; to condemn or express strong disapproval
    • SENTENCE: Upton Sinclair decried the rampant materialism and conformity that he perceived in the world around him, thinking them harmful to society.
    • SYNONYMS: criticize, blame, condemn
    • ANTONYMS: applaud, compliment, praise
  4. despondent
    • DEFINITION: feeling unhappy or discouraged because life seems in a situation unlikely to improve; very sad and without hope
    • SENTENCE: Giselle was despondent after a man stole her sequined tiara on her birthday and left her crying alone in the pouring rain.
    • SYNONYMS: desperate, depressed, glum
    • ANTONYMS: cheerful, happy, hopeful
  5. denounce
    • DEFINITION: to criticize someone harshly and publicly; to make a formal accusation against, as to the police, for illegal or immoral acts
    • SENTENCE: Marshall was quick to denounce the illegal acts of his former business partner, for fear that they might make him look bad.
    • SYNONYMS: condemn, scold, censure
    • ANTONYMS: approve, commend, praise
  6. demise
    • DEFINITION: the end of operation or existence; death or decease
    • SENTENCE: Scientists generally think that dinosaurs met with a sudden an unexpected demise, though the cause of the mass-extinction is still unknown, or not agreed upon.
    • SYNONYMS: death, failure, downfall
    • ANTONYMS: birth, beginning, start
  7. debunk
    • DEFINITION: to show that something is not true; to reveal as being pretentious, false or exaggerated
    • SENTENCE: Many people have attempted to debunk the theory of global warming, but however often they can say that the earth naturally changes temperature, the fact remains that the average global temperature is rising.
    • SYNONYMS: disprove, ridicule, disparage
    • ANTONYMS: prove, uphold, support
  8. deride
    • DEFINITION: to talk or write about in a very critical and insulting way; to say that (someone or something) is ridiculous or has no value
    • SENTENCE: Our teacher derided Max's paper as unoriginal and not saying anything, but I think he was unfair because he just didn't agree with Max's conclusions.
    • SYNONYMS: scorn, scoff, jeer
    • ANTONYMS: commend, flatter, praise
  9. devoid
    • DEFINITION: completely lacking in, as a particular substance or quality; being without a usual, typical, or expected attribute or accompaniment
    • SENTENCE: I wrote a long, rambling poem that was devoid of any meaning or importance, but the punch line at the end was funny and so I kept it.
    • SYNONYMS: lack, barren, deficient
    • ANTONYMS: full, filled, complete
  10. impeccable
    • DEFINITION: free from fault or error; not capable of sinning or liable to sin; flawless and irreproachable
    • SENTENCE: Mr. Radnor's suit is always impeccable, without a hair or a stitch out of place, which he thinks is necessary for the owner of a bank.
    • SYNONYMS: infallible, flawless, perfect
    • ANTONYMS: flawed, imperfect, defective
  11. implacable
    • DEFINITION: not capable of being placated or appeased; opposed to someone or something in a way that is unable to be changed, satisfied, or stopped
    • SENTENCE: The prosecution lawyer was implacable in his demands for life imprisonment, as justice for the young man that the defendant had killed in a drunk driving accident.
    • SYNONYMS: inconsolable, disconsolate, forlorn
    • ANTONYMS: consolable, understanding, appeased
  12. inexorable
    • DEFINITION: not capable of being stopped; not to be persuaded, moved, or affected by prayers or entreaties; relentless, unyielding, or inevitable
    • SENTENCE: Time is inexorable and we cannot slow it down or wind it back, so all we humans can do is make the most of the time that we have.
    • SYNONYMS: dogged, unyielding relentless
    • ANTONYMS: lenient, yielding, flexible
  13. incoherent
    • DEFINITION: not expressed in a way that can be understood; or not able to express something clearly; without logical or meaningful connection or organization; rambling
    • SENTENCE: Kylie was laughing so hard from the joke that Andy had told her that she was completely incoherent when trying to retell the joke to Sam.
    • SYNONYMS: disjointed, jumbled, indistinct
    • ANTONYMS: understandable, intelligible, coherent
  14. insurmountable
    • DEFINITION: impossible to solve or get a hold of, as a problem or difficulty; so great that it cannot be dealt with successfully; incapable of being surmounted
    • SENTENCE: The task of building a transcontinental railroad once seemed insurmountable because of its size and scope, but the project was nevertheless completed in 1869.
    • SYNONYMS: indomitable, overwhelming, unbeatable
    • ANTONYMS: attainable, defeat-able, surmountable
  15. irreverent
    • DEFINITION: lacking proper respect or seriousness for official, important, or holy things
    • SENTENCE: Many comedy writers, most notably the creators of South Park, are known for their irreverent jokes that cause some people to take offense.
    • SYNONYMS: rude, impudent, insolent
    • ANTONYMS: reverent, respectful, proper
  16. circumspect
    • DEFINITION: careful to avoid risks; watchful, cautious, or discreet
    • SENTENCE: Lauren is circumspect in terms of her behavior, working hard and not going out late, because she wants to make preparing for college her priority.
    • SYNONYMS: attentive, meticulous, judicious
    • ANTONYMS: careless, rash, negligent
  17. circuitous
    • DEFINITION: circular and therefore indirect in language, behavior, or action; having a circular or winding course
    • SENTENCE: Dave told Skylar a story as they walked along the path, but he tried to follow so many different storylines that his tale was as circuitous as their winding walking route.
    • SYNONYMS: indirect, meandering, circular
    • ANTONYMS: straightforward, linear, direct
  18. circumvent
    • DEFINITION: to avoid something by going around it; to avoid by artful maneuvering, as in language or movement
    • SENTENCE: Illegal businesses continue to circumvent laws established by many countries in order to make a profit.
    • SYNONYMS: mislead, deceive, trick
    • ANTONYMS: be honest
  19. circumscribe
    • DEFINITION: to draw a line around and therefore to narrowly limit or restrict something; to confine or enclose within bounds
    • SENTENCE: For most formal occasions like weddings, we circumscribe the sequence of events and the way everyone must behave in order to make the day as perfect as possible.
    • SYNONYMS: restrain, confine, limit
    • ANTONYMS: free, loosen, open
  20. magnanimous
    • DEFINITION: having or showing a kind, generous, forgiving nature, esp. toward an enemy; free from petty vindictiveness or resentfulness
    • SENTENCE: After Lee's surrender at Appomattox, Grant magnanimously allowed the Confederate officers to keep their sidearms and permitted soldiers to keep personal horses.
    • SYNONYMS: generous, altruistic, considerate
    • ANTONYMS: selfish, petty, stingy
  21. erroneous
    • DEFINITION: based on false information and therefore wrong; containing or characterized by error
    • SENTENCE: Portuguese sailors erroneously believed that boiling seas filled with monsters awaited ships venturing south of Portugal.
    • SYNONYMS: inaccurate, false, flawed
    • ANTONYMS: correct, true, valid
  22. momentous
    • DEFINITION: great or far-reaching in importance or consequence; important esp. because of effects on future events
    • SENTENCE: Conrad's momentous decision to move to Thailand and pursue a career as a writer, adventurer, and translator made his family proud, though they knew they would miss him.
    • SYNONYMS: consequential, crucial, meaningful
    • ANTONYMS: insignificant, trifling, trivial
  23. acrimonious
    • DEFINITION: filled with anger and bitterness, esp. including strong accusation; biting and sharp in language or tone
    • SENTENCE: Celebrity magazines are happy to chronicle all the acrimonious statements made by stars and the people around them.
    • SYNONYMS: acerbic, bitter, caustic
    • ANTONYMS: kind, soothing, sweet
  24. ominous
    • DEFINITION: portending evil or harm; suggesting that something bad is going to happen
    • SENTENCE: Rising sea levels and rising temperatures are both ominous signs that global warming is getting worse.
    • SYNONYMS: threatening, lurking, dangerous
    • ANTONYMS: happy, auspicious, promising
  25. mellifluous
    • DEFINITION: pleasant or flowing in sound; having a smooth, rich flow
    • SENTENCE: Smokey Robinson and Marvin Gaye are both known for their mellifluous voices.
    • SYNONYMS: sweet, fluid, soothing
    • ANTONYMS: discordant, cacophonous, harsh

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