VTNE: Animal Care & Nursing
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After massive hemorrhage, PCV will remain normal for how many hours?
What preservative is found in green top tubes and what are they used for?
- lithium heparin
- used for blood gas analysis
Mineralcorticoids and glucocorticoids are secreted by what organ?
T/F: endocrine disorders usually cause the skin to become thin .
What is blue eye and what species does it usually effect?
Infectious canine hepatitis
a Doppler will only accurately tell you the ________ pressure
Common symptoms of calicivirus
- Oral ulcers
- Ptyalism (excessive saliation)
- Pawing at face
What would the most appropriate feeding recommendations be for a patient recovering from acute gastroenteritis?
Small, frequent meals so the GI tract does not have to work too hard to breakdown the nutrients.
Why are birds relatively resistant to rabies?
They have natural antibodies against the virus.
T/F: Chlamydophilia psittiaci is not zoonotic
What symptom is distinctly indicative of respiratory disease or distress in birds?
What are some symptoms of a cat with hyperthyroidism?
- Weight loss
- Ravenous appetite
- Poor coat
T/F: Pectin is a soluble fiber.
Deafness, tissue malfunction, and large coarse skin lesions in dogs can occur with diets lacking what vitamin?
List some metabolic and clinical problems associated with taurine deficiency in the feline diet
- feline central retinal degeneration and blindness
- cardiomyopathy and heart failure
- inadequate immune response
- poor neonatal growth
calcium oxalate crystals result from what pH urine?
Fatty liver can be caused by a deficiency of __________
What is the purpose of a high fiber diet prescribed for a diabetic dog?
helps slow down the breakdown of carbohydrates into sugar, making it easier to obtain a stable glucose level.
What is the general rule of thumb for SQ fluids in one location?
10-20mL/kg in one spot.
What type of ET tube should be used to intubate a bird? Why?
An uncuffed tube. The tracheal rings of birds are complete and fragile.
What condition in birds typically presents in juveniles and is characterized by acute onset of lethargy, crop stasis, and death within 24-48 hours?
What is pinioning?
amputation of the distal portion of a wing to render a bird flightless or unable to fly long distances
Define the following avian terms:
- Cloaca- opening where feces/urine exit the body
- Choana- slit like opening in the roof of the mouth
- Syrinx- "voice box" located between the base of the tongue and the trachea.
What are the two heavy metals suspected in avian metal poisoning?
Birds metabolize most of their nitrogen to ____ _____, wheras mammals metabolize most of their nitrogen to urea
T/F: Avocados are toxic to parrots.
How long should birds be fasted before anesthesia?
No more than three hours.
T/F: An enveloped virus is more resistant in the environment than a non-enveloped virus.
The FeLV snap test is testing for what? FIV snap test?
- FIV: Antibody
What is the single most important thing to do when removing a stomach tube from a patient?
clam/ pinch off tube prior to removing
T/F: pressure in the right atrium exceeds pressure the left atrium.
The most effective way to deliver oral meds to a bird is?
gavage or tube feeding
An NG tube can remain in place for how long?
How should plasma be thawed?
slowly in room temperature water until completely thawed
A patient with a head or neck injury should be transported to the hospital in what position?
Elevated and not flexed.
Which two drugs can be used in a patient in ventricular fibrillation?
Epinephrine and magnesium chloride
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