The flashcards below were created by user Yleana_2014 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. empirical
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: To be guided by practical experience and not theory; esp. in medicine, guided by experience and observation rather than traditional system or method
    • SENTENCE: Jeanie pretended to be sick to get out of going to school, but when her mother looked at her and took her temperature, all empirical evidence pointed to Jeanie being completely healthy.
    • SYNONYMS: experimental, observation
    • ANTONYMS: hypothetical, theoretical
  2. gestate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To conceive and develop, as an idea, etc., in the mind, as a baby slowly develops in the womb
    • SENTENCE: Creative concepts for a novel or work of art often take a while to gestate in the mind before they can be brought to life.
  3. paradigm
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: An example that serves as a framework or model to be copied; a theory or group of ideas about how something should be done, made, or thought about it
    • SENTENCE: Galileo's work triggered an important shift of paradigm in how humans thought about the world and its place in the universe, though his theories did not become widely accepted until long after his death.
    • SYNONYMS: archetype, model, standard
  4. entrepreneur
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A person who started and manages a business or enterprise; someone who tries to make money by operating alone
    • SENTENCE: Steve Jobs was a famous entrepreneur who founded Apple, Inc. and revolutionized the way that humanity approached technology.
    • SYNONYMS: innovator
  5. lucrative
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: producing a lot of money or making a large profit; garnering wealth
    • SENTENCE: Stan left his lucrative job at the hedge fund in order to pursue his artistic interests, even though he knew they would make him much less money.
    • SYNONYMS: rewarding, money-making
  6. extravagant
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: more expensive than is necessary or reasonable; excessively fancy or lavish, in a way that seems to lack restraint
    • SENTENCE: The Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4 is one of the world's most extravagant cars, with a powerful engine able to reach speeds of over 250 miles per hour.
    • SYNONYMS: indulgent, wasteful, fanciful
    • ANTONYMS: temperate, moderate, reasonable
  7. avarice
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: Excessive desire to have or get material wealth; insatiable greed for riches
    • SENTENCE: Ellie's avarice prevented her from enjoying any of her life, because she wanted to use every minute as an opportunity to make money.
    • SYNONYMS: greedy, covetous
    • ANTONYMS: generous
  8. plethora
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: a huge amount of something, esp. an amount that is much greater than necessary or wanted; a great excess or overabundance
    • SENTENCE: Because they offered a reward for the best submission, Cadillac received a plethora of suggestions for their next car model, and they had to spend months sifting through their options.
  9. glut
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: to feed or fill, esp. to excess; a flood or overabundance coming all at once so that the supply of a thing exceeds the demand for it
    • SENTENCE: After the months of torrential rains, the newly fertilized soil fostered huge amounts of crops, and a glut of produce became available all over the East Coast.
    • SYNONYMS: overflow, extra
    • ANTONYMS: lacking, few, scarcity
  10. surfeit
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: an amount that is much too large, esp. an overindulgence in eating or drinking; the uncomfortable feeling resulting from excess, as of having eaten or drank too much
    • SENTENCE: Everyone went out to celebrate the end of finals, and we ate so much that we still felt the surfeit in our bellies when we woke up the next morning.
    • SYNONYMS: abundance,
  11. destitute
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: lacking money or other means of living and supporting oneself; extremely poor and without food, shelter, etc, usually after having once had these things
    • SENTENCE: Jacqueline decided to risk everything she had by investing all of her assets in the stock market, and when her stock crashed, she was left destitute.
    • SYNONYMS: impecunious, penurious, penniless
    • ANTONYMS: affluent, rich, wealthy
  12. indigent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having no money or anything else of value; lacking the necessities of life due to poverty
    • SENTENCE: Moira found it incredibly hard when she arrived in the city and had to walk past people who seemed utterly indigent, begging on the street, on her walk to work.
    • SYNONYMS: extremely poor
  13. impoverished
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: extremely poor (usually referring to money, but also to a land or area without trees, plants, animals, etc), or having been reduced to poverty
    • SENTENCE: The lack of crops over many years of consistent drought impoverished the whole countryside and all of the people living in it.
    • SYNONYMS: extremely poor
  14. affluent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: prosperous, esp. in owning a large amount of wealth or worldly goods; having a lot of money or possessions
    • SENTENCE: Chris became affluent by learning how to become a successful stock broker, which sometimes requires skill, and is sometimes entirely a matter of luck.
    • SYNONYMS: rich, prosperous
    • ANTONYMS: poor, destitute, impoverished
  15. opulent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: characterized by or exhibiting great wealth; very comfortable and expensive, as a house, clothes, furniture, etc.
    • SENTENCE: After he record sales soared, Keesha built an opulent house full of big rooms lined with windows on a huge plot of land by the seaside.
  16. munificent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: extremely liberal in giving or bestowing; very generous with money
    • SENTENCE: Oprah Winfrey is one of America's most munificent people, giving millions of dollars to charities around the world every year.
    • SYNONYMS: philanthropic, benevolent, magnanimous
    • ANTONYMS: stingy, greedy, miserly
  17. parsimonious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: unwilling to spend money or give things to people; sparing or restrained, especially in relation to money
    • SENTENCE: Maddy was parsimonious with her job earnings, knowing that she might have to rely on the money she saved in the future.
    • SYNONYMS: greedy, miserly, avaricious
    • ANTONYMS: philanthropic, munificent, benevolent
  18. depreciation
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: the decrease or loss in value caused by age, wear, or market conditions; a lowering of value over time
    • SENTENCE: The stock market crash of 1929 was a severe depreciation in the value of almost all stocks across the board, which directly led into the recession and depression of the 1930s.
    • SYNONYMS: devaluation
  19. remunerate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To compensate or to make payment for work that a person has provided; to pay an equivalent for a loss, service, or expense
    • SENTENCE: Many victims of crimes demand that either the perpetrator or the government remunerate them for injury and emotional pain as well as the loss of things that can be replaced.
    • SYNONYMS: grant, pay, reimburse
  20. accord
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: a formal or official agreement; a situation in which two parties agree
    • SENTENCE: The US and China both benefitted from the exchange of goods when the two nations finally reached an accord on how to conduct their international business.
    • SYNONYMS: pact
  21. enlighten
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To inform, instruct, illuminate, and thus remove darkness and ignorance; to cause someone to know or understand something by explaining it or bringing in new knowledge or facts
    • SENTENCE: Seeing his perspective on life as one of the only real ways to be happy in the world, Joseph Campbell dedicated his life to writing and speaking publicly to try to enlighten people around the world.
    • SYNONYMS: educate, teach, elucidate
    • ANTONYMS: bewilder, confound, confuse
  22. appeasement
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: to pacify by satisfaction of demands, esp. if the satisfied person or party is exceptionally aggressive; to diminish a pain or make something less troublesome
    • SENTENCE: The mother used a piece of candy to appease her crying baby.
    • SYNONYMS: accommodation, peace offering, settlement
    • ANTONYMS: aggravation, annoyance, irritation
  23. nullify
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: to cause an agreement or result to be no longer effective, or to consider it as not existing; to render or declare legally void
    • SENTENCE: Republican lawmakers have been struggling to nullify all or parts of President Obama's Affordable Care Act, starting even before it was signed into law in 2010.
    • SYNONYMS: abolish, cancel, invalidate
    • ANTONYMS: affirm, pass, validate
  24. triumvirate
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A group of three leaders who share people, as of a government or organization; three people in control of an activity or organization
    • SENTENCE: The videogame console market is dominated by the triumvirate of Nintendo's Wii, Sony's PlayStation 4, and Microsoft's Xbox 360.
  25. pretext
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: an false reason or distraction put forth to conceal a true purpose or object; a reason given for something that hides the true reason for it.
    • SENTENCE: President Johnson used alleged attacks upon American citizens as a pretext to ask Congress for broader presidential powers.
    • SYNONYMS: alibi, pretense, ploy
    • ANTONYMS: reality, truth
  26. watershed
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: and event or period that is important because it marks a change or a start of new developments; a time when important changes happen
    • SENTENCE: The inauguration of Barack Obama as America's first president of African American descent was a watershed event in American history.
  27. consensus
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A general agreement about something; an idea or opinion that is shared by a group;
    • SENTENCE: There is no consensus as to whether fluoridation of water has ever led to health problems, but controversy continues over the issue despite proof of its health benefits.
    • SYNONYMS: accord, concord, harmony
    • ANTONYMS: disagreement, discord, clash
  28. autocrat
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A ruler with unlimited power, or one who demands that people obey him or her completely; an absolute ruler
    • SENTENCE: George Washington could have installed himself as an autocrat over the newly formed United States, but instead preferred to create and lead a democracy.
    • SYNONYMS: dictator, oppressor, tyrant
  29. despot
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: a ruler with unlimited power, esp. one who uses it unfairly and cruelly; a tyrant or oppressor
    • SENTENCE: Syria's President Bashar al-Assad is seen as one of the cruelest modern dictators, ordering harsh crackdowns on civil unrest from less powerful groups and slaughtering many of his own people.
  30. manifesto
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A public declaration of beliefs, policies, or intentions; a written statement of beliefs or aims, esp. of a political party
    • SENTENCE: Our school's Gay/Straight Alliance was written about in the news when it published a manifesto online declaring our policies of acceptance, encouragement, learning, and respect, which got shared over a thousand times and was seen by more than five thousand people in the first week.
    • SYNONYMS: announcement, proclamation
  31. enfranchise
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To grant a person or group of people full citizenship, and therefore the right to vote; to give someone the legal right to vote
    • SENTENCE: June works all over the world advocating to encourage governments to enfranchise all of the people living in a country or place.
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2014-08-04 12:05:02

Isn't vocab great?
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