Cantonese Grammar: Simple Sentences
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sei2 la3 死啦! (“死” means die; “啦” has not much meaning but can mean something just happened.)
So cute! (Adv + Adj)
ho2 dak1 yi3 a3 好得意呀! (“好” means well or good or well; “得意” means cute)
You are well (subject + to be + Adj)
lei4 ho2 你好 (“你” means you; this is a statement not a question, unlike how are you “你好嗎?”)
You are very beautiful (subject + to be + Adv + Adj)
lei4 ho2 leng3 你好靚 (“靚” means beautiful)
He/She has two dogs (subject + V + N)
kui4 yau4 leung4 jek3 gau2 佢有兩隻狗 (“佢” means he/she; “有” means has/have; “兩” means two; “隻” is a quantifying unit; “狗” means dog)
He is a guy. (subject + V + object)
kui4 hai5 naam6 yan6 佢喺男人 (“男人” means guy)
I ate a lot。
ngoh4 sik5 joh2 ho2 doh1 我食咗好多 (“我” denotes past tense; “好” means very or good; “多” mean much)
I love you very much. (subject + V + object + Adv + Adv)
ngoh4 ho2 oi3 lei4 我好愛你 (“愛” means love)
Did you do your homework?
lei4 jo5 joh2 gon1 foh3 mei5 你做咗功課未？(“你” means you; “做” means do; “咗” denotes past tense and specifies that something is finished; “功課” means homework; “未” means not yet)Notice the Cantonese grammar for a question here, namely, (subject + V + past tense + object + Adv).
Why does she like me?
dim2 gaai2 kui4 chung1 yi3 ngoh4 點解佢鍾意我？ (“點解” means why or what reason; “鍾意” means love; “我” means I/me)(interrogative pronoun + subject + V + object)
What would you like to do?
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